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[Basics] Digital Security Tips
Bolo Bhion 27 February 2015
Transcript of [Basics] Digital Security Tips
For Women Human Rights Defenders
Keep Your Browser Safe
Get an anti-virus Software for your machine:
Protecting your machine
Do you share a computer?
The first step to being secure online is keeping your PC secure.
Protect Your Machine With A Password:
For windows, go on to start, then click control panel, select user accounts, click your user account and click the 'create a password for your account link'
Starting with keeping a strong password
Activity: Get Participants to check their password:
Microsoft Password Checker: https://www.microsoft.com/en-gb/security/pc-security/password-checker.aspx
Make it long.
Add symbols or numbers and make it complex.
Don’t make it obvious (your name or names of people close to you or information publiclythat is publicly known to all and can be easily guessed is not secure).
Do not use the same password for more than one account.
Do you use a common password?
Download threat check and see the status of your device, download link: http://threatstop.com/threatcheck
Check that your firewall is enabled: In Control Panel, click “System & Security” and then, under Windows Firewall, select “Check firewall status”.
Want to learn free alternatives to Windows Firewall that includes some additional features?
A dashboard that lets you monitor all your connections, at the Security in-a-Box website.
Be wary of the threats:
Backup Your Data
Make it a regular habit
Click Start, point to All Programs, point to Accessories, point to System Tools, and then click Backup.
Click Advanced Mode.
Note If the Backup and Restore Wizard starts, the utility is running in Wizard mode. You can click to clear the Always start in wizard mode check box, and then restart the Backup utility. If you continue to use the Backup and Restore Wizard, your steps will vary slightly from what is listed in this procedure.
Click the Backup tab.
On the Job menu, click New.
Select the check boxes next to the drives that you want to back up. If you want to select specific files or folders, expand the drive where these files or folders are located. Then, select the check boxes next to the files or folders that you want to back up. [ link: http://support.microsoft.com/kb/320820 ]
Securing your Online communication
Password: Things To Remember
Making your email more secure:
Online Communication ethic 101
Password Protection is one of the most integral part of securing your emails
Make it long.
Add symbols or numbers and make it complex.
Don’t make it obvious (your name or names of people close to you or information
that is publicly known to all and can be easily guessed is not secure).
Don’t Repeat. Do not use the same password for more than one account.
If you use a free webmail surface, you must ensure that you use HTTPS.
Gmail, Hotmail & Yahoo all have HTTPS support now.
Steps to Ensure Https is always on:
Bookmark the Full URL, eg: https://hotmail.com
To activate on Hotmail:
In Hotmail, click Options, and then click More options.
Under Managing your account, click Account details. You might be asked to provide your password.
Under Other options, click Connect with HTTPS.
Click use HTTPS automatically, and then click Save.
HTTPS Everywhere is produced as a collaboration between The Tor Project and the Electronic Frontier Foundation.
What browser do you use to surf the web?
Download Mozilla Firefox or Google Chrome
what does HTTPs do?
Your internet browser collects information about the websites you visits and the information you provide on various forms. This could be used as surveillance. Modify your browser's settings:
To get started, For firefox, Go to the Firefox drop down menu select tools then options, click the security tab.
menu and then Options:
Select the checkbox
Warn me when a website tries to install an add-on as
Checkboxes to block attack sites and block web forgeries.
On the Privacy tab: Select the check-boxes marked Tell web sites I do not want to be tracked, and Always use private browsing mode
Use a VPN to ensure Privacy
Run microsoft's safety scanner
Protecting Your Digital Security
on A Shared Network
Security of your Cellular Device
Keep your device in your possession.
Avoid using it in the car especially when you are stopping at a traffic signal
Lock your phone.
Back up contacts on your device.
Avoid keeping personal pictures on your phone that could cause potential harm to your privacy
How Secure is your Phone?
How to Secure your Phone
Resources to guide you:
Tactical tech Security-in-a-box Tool kit.
Speak Safe - Internews
Frontline Defenders - Digital Security & Privacy for Human Rights Defenders.
Global Voices Advocacy - Guide to Anonymous Blogging
Security On Social Networks
Password Security: Using Keypass
Facebook Security Tips
Always ask the questions:
Who can access the information I am putting online?
Who controls and owns the information I put into a social networking site?
What information about me are my contacts passing on to other people?
Will my contacts mind if I share information about them with other people?
Do I trust everyone with whom I'm connected?
1 Familiarize Yourself With Security Settings
Facebook is constantly changing its privacy settings, and your information is never secure on social media either. Visit your security settings frequently to ensure everything is up to code.
Visit your privacy settings frequently to remain updated on who can see your content, and how your settings function.
Nothing is ever private or secure on social media.
Set-Up Two-Factor Authentication
To set-up two-factor authentication, you have to enable the option in Facebook.
Once you have logged into Facebook, visit your security settings, and select the Login Approvals option.
Two Step Verification
As the pop-up window guides you on turning on login approvals, you have the option of receiving an alert every time anyone logs in from your account on a different or new browser.
Ensure that you have set up Trusted Contacts to help you in case your account is compromised or hacked.
Overview of Facebook Security Settings
Perform frequent security checks to see where your account is logged in from. If a browser looks unfamiliar, your account has been compromised. End the suspicious session and change your password immediately.
If you're confused about your sessions, check to see when you have logged in from which browser and city. Anything suspicious can be easily canceled, but remember to change your password afterward!