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Transcript of Venezuela
~The colors were chosen by Francisco de Miranda. He displayed them on his ship when he returned from Spain in 1806.
*Yellow represents richness of the territory.
*Blue represents the sea separating Venezuela from Spain.
*Red represents The blood shed by patriots during the war of independence. Venezuela Amanda Perlenfein Trivia/Fun Facts Economics Current Issues Traditions and Holidays Traditions: Demographics Education Entertainment Period 3 THE END!! Amanda Perlenfein Pictures: Food Family Life Architecture Climate Gestures and Manners Global Contributions "Central Intelligence Agency." CIA. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2012.
"Coat of Arms of Venezuela." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 15 Dec. 2012. Web. 18 Dec. 2012.
"Countries and Their Cultures." Culture of Venezuela. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2012.
CultureGrams Online Database:. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2012. <http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country.php?contid=7>.
"Current Issues - Venezuela Needs a Change." Current Issues - Venezuela Needs a Change. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Dec. 2012.
Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com, n.d. Web. 19 Dec. 2012
"Facts About Venezuela." Interesting. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Dec. 2012.
Facts on Venezuela's Education System | Education |Axisoflogic.com." Facts on Venezuela's Education System | Education |Axisoflogic.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Dec. 2012.
"Geography and Map of Venezuela." Geography and Map of Venezuela. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Dec. 2012.
"Internet Usage Advances in Venezuela." Venezuela News, Views, and Analysis. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Dec. 2012.
Jorgenson, Eric. Personal Interview. 30 Dec. 2012
"Public Holidays in Venezuela." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 27 Dec. 2012. Web. 29 Dec. 2012.
"Timeline: Venezuela." BBC News. BBC, 08 Jan. 2012. Web. 20 Dec. 2012.
"Travel.mapsofworld.com Offers Online Information on Entertainment and Leisure in Venezuela." Entertainment and Leisure in Venezuela, Venezuela Entertainment and Leisure. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Dec. 2012.
"Venezuela Climate." Venezuela Climate. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2012. <http://www.mapsofworld.com/venezuela/geography/climate.html>.
"Venezuela - GOVERNMENT." Venezuela - GOVERNMENT. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Dec. 2012. enchantedlearning.com
noticiaaldia.com A coat of arms is located on the left side of the yellow stripe. It was established in the law of the national flag (shield of anthem), passed on February 19 1954. In the dexter chief, on a red field, wheat represents the union of the 20 states of the Republic existing at the time and the wealth of the nation. In sinister chief, on a yellow field, weapons (a sword, a sabre and three lances) and two national flags are tied by a branch of laurel, as a symbol of triumph in war. In base, on a deep blue field, a wild white horse runs free, an emblem of independence and freedom. When the flag design was being decided, The people of Venezuela were proud to be a new, free nation. Francisco chose these colors, so the people would remember how hard they worked, and how far they have come to be independent. Just like the US, Venezuela put stars on the flag to show what colonies they started with. Now they have 20 states and their own governing nation. The coat of arms was newly added in 1954 as a sign to tell people that they are a strong, and free country. Parts of the Flag: Critical Thinking: Religious freedom is guaranteed by their constitution. Types of Religion in Venezuela: Religion 96% of the population practices the beliefs of the Roman Catholic Church. (They historically have a large voice in their government.)
2% of the population is protestant.
2% of the population practices other religions or have no religion. Even though many indigenous religions were lost, many people still practice the beliefs of María Lionza. Maria Lionza is portrayed as a witch/healer born from an Indian father and a creole Spanish mother. She makes up part of the 3 powers (tres poderes) along with that of a black henchman and el negro felipe (an indian chief). Practices: They believe in the figure of Dr. Jose Gregorio Hernandez. He was a Venezuelan doctor who lived during the 1800’s. He is referred to as “brother Gregorio” and they believe that he is a miraculous healer who heals people in their sleep. Critical Thinking: Because of the diverse heritage of the people, Venezuelans mainly practice Roman Catholicism. They will pray and worship their God, and work that into their lives. Even so, many people also follow indigenous religious practices. When they are sick, they will not need to worry because they think that brother Gregorio will come down and help them get better. Sites: Bibliography (Maria Lionza) (Brother
Gregorio) Currency The currency in Venezuela is the Bolivar (BEV). 4,300BEV:$1USD Currency: Critical Thinking: Dress Language: The Official Language of Venezuela is Spanish. Like us they read left to right. They have accent markings on top of some of their letters such as the tilde and the virgule. These accents tell you to pronounce the word in a different way. Venezuela was once colonies from Spain. The official language of Spain is Spanish, and after Venezuela won their freedom, They continued to use that language. They inherited many common greetings that Spain uses and many other spanish speaking countries use as well that they use in their every day life. Critical Thinking: Common Greetings: "Buenos dias" (good morning)
"Buenos tardes" (good afternoon)
"Buenos noches" (good evening/night)
Younger people usually use "Hola" (Hi) Friends may greet each other with affectionate nicknames:
"El gordo" (the chubby one)
"La flaquita" (the skinny one) Common Parting Phrases: "Chao" (Goodbye)
"Adios" ( A permanent goodbye and is rarely used)
"Luego" (until later)
"Nos Vemos" (We'll see you soon) ("Coat of Arms Venezuela") (Culturegrams online Database) (Culturegrams Online Database) ("Countries and their cultures") (Culturegrams Online Database) (Google currency converter) ("Facts about Venezuela") The currency was named after Simon Bolivar. He is also known as the "George Washington of South America". His great victories as a Venezuelan military leader made him known. The people put him on the currency to honor him of how he was help to them in their war with Spain. ~The Capitol is Caracas. ~The national bird is the Troupial. ~Venezuela means "Little Venice". ~Venezuela is considered to be amongst the 17 most diverse countries in Latin America. ~They were one of the founding members of OPEC. ~The 33rd largest country on Earth. ~The most popular sport is baseball. ~During Christmas season, people roller skate in church. Natural Resources: The natural resources of Venezuela are Petroleum, bauxite and aluminum, chemicals, agricultural products, basic manufactures, natural gas, iron ore, gold, other minerals, hydropower, and diamonds. Petroleum exports account for 18% of the counties GDP, and about 95% of total exports. Venezuela is the 5th largest member of OPEC by oil production. The central bank of Venezuela said that from 1998-2008 there was around 325 billion USD in oil production. The top Industries are petroleum, iron and mining, construction materials and food processing. Stats; Critical Thinking: ~GDP-$344.2 billion
~GDP per Capita- 12,600 (comparison to the world-96)
~GDP growth- 4.2% (comparison to the world-94)
~Only 28% of people are below poverty line. ~Labor Force: 13.32 million (comparison to the world-41)
~Unemployment rate:8.3% ~GDP comparison by sector-
Services: 60.4% ~Taxes and other revenues: 28.4% of GDP comparison to world-101 ("Central Intelligence Agency") They have a small, but growing economy. Their GDP per capita is low, so it is a low income country, but their unemployment isn't very high. Their economy is not very diverse, so if there is a drop in demand for services, for example, that would not be good for their economy, and threaten their GDP growth. Overall, the country's economy is not necessarily strong. Music Music in Venezuela can be seen as a mixture of African, Native Indigenous, European(especially Spanish) influences, also modern American and Caribbean musical forms, such as Trinidadian and Cuban music. Types of Music listened to: Music listened to in Venezuela is very diverse because of the differences in each geographical region. Most places enjoy listening to more traditional music or salsa music. That would be the kind of music played at parties (such as salsa's or dances)or get togethers. Classical music is becoming more popular too. In places where it is becoming more modern or in the city, they most likely will listen to styles like pop or more modern sounding music. Critical Thinking: There are also many music schools, public and private, for kids to enhance there musical abilities. •Joropo llanero- traditional salsa and merengue. It comes from their Caribbean neighbors, this is perhaps the most typical Venezuelan music.
•Folk- or Gaita Zuilana. It originated from Zulia State and is very popular during the Christmas season.
•Caribbean- Cuban- American Salsa. Which has produced many domestic stars including Oscar D’Leon and Latic pop acts such as Billo’s Caracas Boys and Los Melodicos
•Pop and Rock- This style is popular but not as much.
•Electronic Music- Developed in the late 90’s. These event combinded music with the video and performance of Venezuelan art and artists.
•Classical Music- Venezuela has produced many Venezuelan composers as well. Art Art has a blend of pre-colonial and colonial styles in painting, fine arts, literature, music, and dance. (Culturegrams online database) ("Countries and their cultures") ("Countries and their cultures") examples: (collages) (random lines and colors) (stories) Critical Thinking: In Venezuelan art, they often times use bright color when they paint, to catch your eye. Sometimes they will make collages out of random things, or create a picture to keep you guessing. They use art as a way to express thought and feeling. It is a way for them to tell a story of
history, cultural traditions, experiences they
have been through, or simply whatever
the artist wants. Government ("Dictionary.com") ("Central Intelligence Agency") ("Venezuela-Government") Critical Thinking: Venezuela is a federal republic which means they are a government made up of a federal state with a constitution and self-governing people. They got their independence from Spain on July 5th 1811, but they have had a federal republic since January 23, 1961. They are made up of 20 states, 2 federal territories, and a federal district. Hugo Rafael Chavez Frias is the current president. He has been their president sence1999, and his 4th term will be over in 2019. He is of the conservative party which is characterized as moderate progressivism. Their government hasn't been around for very long, so it is hard to tell if they are stable yet. They have tried other types of government in the past, worked. So far a federal government president for so long. Also, there doesn't seem to for how long someone can be in office based on the list of presidents over time. I think that they are getting close to having a good
stable government in the near
future. such as democracy, and it has not has worked, but that might just be because they had the same be a system Common Foods: Common foods in Venezuela are rice, pasta, beans, plantains, fish, white cheese, chicken, potatoes, fish, and corn. Corn is the basis of many dishes. Fried foods are also very popular. Fresh fruits can be bought at open air markets such as mangoes, lechoza (papaya), bananas, and watermelon. Venezuela has a lot of European influences (Italian, French, and Spanish) You can also find indigenous and African influence too. Lunch is an important meal and they usually get time off of school just to go home and eat lunch with their family. Traditionally they will eat at home and the mother will cook, but that is becoming less as the country gets more modern. Dishes: (Arepa- A thick pancake made from white corn flour that is fried and baked, sometimes filled with butter, meat, and cheese.) (Puntatrasera- A favorite tender steak) (Pabellón criollo- consists of black beans, rice, shredded meat, paintains, and sometimes arepa) Critical Thinking: (Culturegrams online database) Families are “close-knit”. Wealthy parts of a family share their
money with less wealthy relatives. Extended family is usually in one house hold. Grandparents are well respected and pass on knowledge to younger generations (grandmothers are especially revered). Average children per household…
•Educated urban couples: 1-2 children
•Poor urban couples: 3-4 children
•Rural families: 5-6 children ~Children are responsible for themselves by washing the dishes, making their beds, and help take care of the younger siblings. Children: Kids usually stay with their parents until they graduate from college but many stay and live in the same household and raise their own family there. In return they must take care of there elderly parents. Saying: Vive de tus padres hasta que puedas vivir de tus hijos (Live off your parents until you can live off your children). Traditionally: Father: was the economic provider for the family
Mother: raising the children and managing the household Now the responsibilities are shared between the couples as more women are getting outside jobs and grandparents usually watch the children. (Culturegrams Online Database) Critical Thinking: Families members are very close to each other. Family comes first
before anything else. Grandparents pass down traditions,
customs, and rules to younger generations. Children are then
expected to follow these customs and rules. Kids become
independent at a young age, and have to learn to care for themselves and others at an early
age as well. They eat at home more often, so they probably eat more healthy
then we do in the U.S. They also eat more fresh foods and fewer
processed foods. They eat a lot of traditional style foods
and most likely grow some of their own crops
like fruits and vegetables. ~Women are usually very fashionable and dress in popular western styles, or they simply wear shorts and tank tops regularly. ~In cities, men usually wear lightweight suits or shirts and trousers so that they feel comfortable in the hot climate. ~In places that are not as modern as the cities, they just wear whatever they can that suits the weather conditions. People dress both modern and traditional. (traditional) v.s. (modern) Critical Thinking; 1.1498-99: Christopher Columbus and Alonso de Ojeda go to Venezuela, where the Carib, Arawak and Chibcha peoples lived.
2.1521: Spanish colonist move onto the land on the north-east coast.
3.1749: First rebellion against Spain.
4.1811: Independence act from Spain got signed. This got the Venezuelan people their freedom from Spain.
5.1870-88: Venezuela is governed by Antonio Guzman Blanco, he attracts foreign investment, and develops agriculture and education.
6.1908-35: Venezuela becomes the world’s largest exporter of oil.
7.1947-48: The first democratically elected president is Romulo Gallegos, who was overthrown 8 months later in a military coup led by Marcos Perez Jimenez.
8.1973: Venezuela benefits from oil boom and its currency peaks against the US dollar.
9.1998: Their current president, Hugo Chavez, is elected.
10.1999: Venezuela’s current constitution is created. Critical Thinking: History: (Culturegrams Online Database) ("Timeline:Venezuela") (Carcus-Capitol) (Carcus citie) (tallest concrete building) (extreme drought
uncovered church) Critical Thinking: (Church-Matacaibo) (Old school building) (Church-Merida State) (New school
building) (oil) (Hugo Chavez) (Romulo Gallegos) Timeline: Venezuela is starting to make it's way to become more
modern. Their clothing is a perfect example of that.
They dress in ways that we don't even dress
in yet. They will dress up traditional for
parties and festivals, but other-
wise modern. Housing in Venezuela is usually made up of taller buildings to
use up less space. Places are very crowded because of a
large population, especially in the capitol. Churches
and schools are usually older which makes
them seem traditional. The people
would get use to living in
crowded areas. There are different climates in Venezuela due to the topography, altitude, and the intensity and direction of prevailing winds. The climate can range from alpine to tropical humid, even though it is completely located within the tropical zone.
~The climate in the tropical zone below 800 feet has an average temperature of 26-28 degrees C.
~The zone between 600 and 800 feet, known as the temperate zone, has an average temperature of 12 to 25 degrees C. Most cities lie in this zone.
~At an altitude of 2000 to 3000 meters, the climate gets colder. The average temperate in this zone is 9 to 11 degrees C.
~In the higher mountain regions above 3000 meters, the average temperatures are below 8 degrees C. Also, snowfields and grasslands are found here. 4 Temperature Zones: The rainy season is from May to October and the dry season is from December to April
The wettest month is October. They receive on average 835mm (32.9in) of precipitation annually or 70mm of each month. Critical Thinking: ("Venezuela Climate") The highest waterfall in the world is Angel falls located in Venezuela. It is 3212 feet tall, and was discovered by an American adventurer, James Angel, who crash landed his plane on a nearby mesa. Geography The biggest river is Orinoco, which is 1330 miles (2,140 km) long. Mt. Poco Bolivar- The tallest mt. in this country. It rises up to 5007 meters
Mt.Cordillera de la costa central- runs from the eastern to western side through the state of Araqua and Carabobo.
Mt. Rida- This mountain ranges across six states Tachira, Merida, Lara, Portuguesa, Barinas, and Trujillo. Also, parts of the Amazon Rainforest are also located in Venezuela. ("Countries and their cultures") ("Geography and map of Venezuela") Critical Thinking: Coordinates: 8 00N 66 00W Geographic Information: Physical Features: Coastline: 2,800km Natural hazards: floods, rockslides, mudslides, droughts ezilon.com
humanandnatural.com (political map of Venezuela) (Angel Falls) (Poco Bolivar) (map of the region) Polite: • Someone can ask how much an item costs by rubbing the thumb and the index finger while rotating the palm upward.
• Maintain eye contact while conversing.
• They have to ask the other person if it is okay for them to leave the conversation.
• To give up their seat on public transportation to elderly people. Rude: •The thumbs-up-sign is considered rude.
•It is rude to not take your shoes off before entering someone’s home, and very common in shops and businesses,
•Don’t slouch while sitting, and do not prop your feet up on any object.
•They consider pointing with the index finger as rude. It is more polite to gesture with the entire hand. Greetings: •Men greet close friends with an abrazo (a full embrace while patting each other on the back).
•Women greet with an abrazo and a kiss on the cheek.
•If two people are strangers, they usually greet with a handshake and a pat on the back. Critical Thinking: There are currently 9.7 million internet users in Venezuela. 28.2 million people have mobil phone lines. There are 7.33 million people with main line telephones. Technology
Information Internet users rose 43.16% this year. 34/100 Venezuelan people are currently using the internet via DSL. Venezuela is ranked 3rd (after Indonesia and Brazil) in how many users sign on to Twitter (Modern and expanding). There are 65 news stations and about 30 stations for specific audiences. Also they have 244 radio stations and 36 tv radio stations.
("Internet Usage and Advantages in Venezuela") Critical Thinking: Life Expectancy- 71(male) 77(female)
Literacy rate- 93%(male) 93%(female) Infant mortality rate- per 1,000 births
Median age: 26.3 years
Female: 27.1 Statistics: Critical Thinking: (Central Intelligence Agency) They have one of the highest literacy rates in the region, 93.4% of people 15 and older can read and write. About the school system: Every citizen has an opportunity to go to school for free, but 20% of people don't because they are below the poverty line and need to help their parents with housework.
Children are required to go to school starting at age 6, and preschool is not required. They will attend primary school till age 11. Then they go to secondary school until they are 14 or 15. Intro: All school kids wear uniforms. School starts in October and goes until July. Cheating is very common and generally accepted. The kids get to choose when they want ti attend school because they have so much liberty. Classes are taught in Spanish. Some schools have the kids learn English too, Otherwise they just take the normal core classes. Kids in public school usually attend school in shifts. They will go to school in the early morning until about lunch or noon they come back about to hours later and stay at school until about 6.
(Facts on Venezuela education system) Critical Thinking: Holidays: Critical Thinking: Weddings- The man must ask the parents of the bride if they can be married as a sign of respect.
The Festival of Maracaibo- The festivals are held in November. They are in honor of the virgin of Chiquinquira. They believe that he rescued an old women who was floating on wood in Lake Maracaibo. Then they made a temple there in honor of him.
Dia de los muertos- Family members meet early in the morning at a church to celebrate the ones who have passed away, then they all go to the cemetery together to remember their loved ones. Epiphany- On January 6th the kids leave their shoes out and what we would think of as "The 3 Kings" come and put gifts in their shoes. Like Santa does in our stockings.
National Anthem Day- On May 25th, it is in honor of their national anthem becoming official in 1881.
Independence Day- July 5th marks the day they won their independence from Spain.
("Public Holidays in Venezuela") The education system in Venezuela is one of the highest in the region. Most people can read and write, and those are two key things to becoming successful. In my opinion they need a stronger schooling system though, because cheating is unacceptable. They will get a lot done in their classes, as you would expect them to have longer periods because of the long days. Other then cheating being okay, they have created a very strong schooling system. Issue #1: Issue #2: Critical Thinking: June 12th marked the beginning of the prison riots. This riot has been the most violent one in 10 years. The prisons in Venezuela are run by the prisoners, and the guards are just there to guard the perimeter. The prisoners can carry guns and knives and use them as they wish. One of the inmates stated, "If one of the guards mess with them, they will shoot them." Because of this, The riot in June took out 5,000 solders. President Hugo Chavez was in the hospital during this time, but the public was still mad that he wasn't involved. When Hugo was elected president he promised that he would improve the prison system, but so far all the government has done is brought in sports and musicals. There are drug problems in Venezuela. The president suggest shooting down any plane that refuses to land. He says that drug smugglers will not land their plane and mock the military. Venezuela does not grow Cocain but it is a major place for smuggling Columbia cocaine. Venezuela says they are doing all they can but they refuse any help from the United States. ("Current Issues-Venezuela Needs a Change") ~source for both issues. Contributions: Critical Thinking: Critical Thinking: Oil- Venezuela is a member of OPEC, and sells oil across the world. In the winter they sell home heating oil to the United States at a reduced price. This helped 400,000 people in the U.S. (Jorgenson, Eric) Nightlife is the main form of entertainment in Venezuela. There are nightclubs spread all over the country. Also there is Ballet, Plays, Operas, and Operettas. There are also many movie theaters to go to.
During the day, many people go out shopping for fun. You can buy pearls, art from local tribes, gold, jewels, jems, and much more. They have 42 national parks, that are good for hiking and trekking. Also, 20 nature reserves to go see animals. Venezuelan people are very lucky to have so much that they could do.
In both the day and night they will always be entertained. People grew up with always having something to do. Most of these activities take place in big cities, so those people will be more entertained then someone in the country, but even if you didn't live in the city you could go there. Also, if they can't travel they could simply get together with a friend. So there are many possibilities if things to do. Based on these issues, Venezuela needs a stronger prison system and government. They shouldn't shoot down planes just because they don't land. Also, the president or V.P. should be there in times of need. They should also rethink the system at the prisons. The prisoners should be punished for their actions, not run the prison themselves. They need better authority figures to run the prisons. The people of Venezuela must be prepared for rapped changes in Climate. They must have the right equipment for all types of weather. October is the
wettest month and most likely the most unpredictable, especially for
people who live next to the Amazon. Depending on where they live
they will also have to be prepared for strong winds too. If they
are protected by mountains they will not have to
worry as much as people who live out in the
open. Technology is another example of how Venezuela is becoming more modern. For example they have more
people on Twitter then the U.S. does. The people will
start to become more reliant on technology in their
everyday lives. Possible start getting more
lazy too. Eventually they may loose
some of there traditions, and not
be as traditional. Based on these statistics the country is pretty healthy. Venezuela can be considered young, because most of the people here are 26 and under. They have an excellent schooling system because more then 90% of the population can read. They do however have quite a high population that keeps rising. Lines would long in stores, and they would have watch close for people when they are driving. For now though, the country is fairly strong. Venezuela is a very diverse country with a lot of different geographical
features. People living near mountains will not have to worry as much
about wind and other climate changes. People living next to the
coast will have better crops because of the fertile soil and
water. Also people who live next to the rainforest
will have plenty of water they collect
from rain water. There is a lot of things you can see in the everyday lives of the people that
have to do with their historical background. For example many people still
live on the coast which is where the people first settled in Venezuela.
Sence 1973 when the oil boom happened, Oil is still there number
one export. There are still many of the same tribe living
there too. Lastly, Spain has givin Venezuela many
cultural influences as well. Some of these gestures and manners are eamples of how this country is still somwhat traditional. Like when they have to give up their seat on the bus, or
ask to leave a conversation. They don't like many of the more modern
signs such as the thumbs up. They also greet otherother in a
tradtional way as well. Some of this would seem strange to
us, like if someone was stareing you down during a
conversation, but it is just part of their
culture. Socialism- When the society as a whole own the means of production rather than private companies. Venezuela is active in promoting socialism in Latin America. Venezuelan people are very family oriented. Because they are a very old country their tradtions are old and are carried from generation to generation. Also the holidays are a way for the people to come together and celebrate. They have a very diverse culture with a lot of differnent kinds of people, and this is a way for them to become one country. All of these things effect their very family oriented culture. Oil is the main export of Venezuela. The more they sell the richer the country will become, and that effects
the people's income. Also, socialism in the country
will tell you who (or what company) will get
to keep that money.