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Jim Crow Laws
Transcript of Jim Crow Laws
Where did the term "Jim Crow" come from? How is it offensive?
The term "Jim Crow" came from an old african-american song called "Jump Jim Crow". In 1828, a man named "Daddy Rice" performed the song dressed up as an over-exaggerated, stereotypical black person. He became famous throughout the U.S. By 1838, "Jim Crow" became synonymous with negro.
This performance led to the belief that black people were lazy, stupid, and unworthy to be considered stupid.
How did the term "Jim Crow" become synonymous with the segregation laws in the South?
What ended Reconstruction and what effect did it have on southern blacks?
The Reconstruction period ended when President Hayes took federal troops out of the South. This allowed Southerners to be in charge of the South again. But, this also meant that blacks (known as "freedmen" at that time) weren't allowed their rights, such as the right to vote and equal protection of laws, that had been received during the period of Reconstruction. These changes put a bigger rift in between the North and the South.
Legally, African-Americans had the right to vote. How was their right to suffrage compromised?
Three ways that whites made it nearly impossible for blacks to vote was by imposing register restrictions on them such as: literacy tests, poll taxes, and birth requirements.
How did the Plessy vs. Ferguson case (1896) uphold Jim Crow laws? What effect did this case have on the lives (transportation, education, social implications, etc.) of southern blacks?
The Plessy vs. Ferguson case decided that blacks should be "separate but equal". This caused a major set back in the struggle for equality between races. With the Jim Crow laws, Blacks had their own separate areas, and had to stay away from White people. Plessy v. Ferguson took away the 13th amendment established during reconstruction. Whites returned to superiority. Blacks had a segregated area on all transportation, separate schools, and avoided white people.
by: Leah, Laurel, Grant, Cat, Trey, and Chase
"Come listen all you galls and boys,
I'm going to sing a little song,
My name is Jim Crow.
Weel about and turn about and do jis so,
Eb'ry time I weel about I jump Jim Crow."
No one knows exactly how the term "Jim Crow became synonymous with segregation laws, but we do know that the laws officially received that name after the Plessy vs. Ferguson case in 1896.
Who was Booker T. Washington? Where did he live? What did he believe was the best way for southern African-Americans to survive in the South?
Booker T. Washington was a teacher and founder of Tuskegee University where he trained African Americans in agricultural pursuits and he was a civil rights activist. He lived in Virginia in his early life, and then moved to Tuskegee, Alabama. Washington openly thought that blacks should give up their seat to white people but he secretly financed court cases against segregation. Booker T. Washington believed that african-americans should accept who they are and be prepared for the future. He is known as one of the African-American leaders.
Who was W.E.B. DuBois? Where did he live? What did he believe was the best way for southern African-Americans to survive in the South?
W.E.B. DuBois was a Harvard student and was the first African-American to earn a doctorate's degree. He was the best known speaker for blacks. He co-founded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. At the beginning of his life he lived in Massachusetts but later lived in Ghana. W.E.B. DuBois believed that black people should be book smart to get wherever they need to be successful in life.
Why do you think Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois had differing opinions on how to survive in the South?
Booker T. believed in approaching the segregation matters with patience, and gradually Blacks would be accepted. W.E.B. was more impatient and proud, and wanted to immediately abolish segregation. They each had a different perspective on how they should act as civil rights activists.
How did many southern blacks escape the South? Where did they go? What was this movement called?
6 million African-Americans left the South to cities in North, Midwest, and West America during the Great Migration.
How do the Jim Crow Laws tie into the book To Kill A MockingBird?
"To Kill a Mockingbird" mentioned the Jim Crow Laws multiple times. Throughout the entire book, black people were seen as unworthy to be considered human. For example, in the book, there is a black person who has custody over two white kids. But, it was considered unlawful and was looked down upon. Also, in the book, a black man was put on trial for advances towards a white woman when all he was doing was holding out his hand to help her.
Booker T. Washington