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The Egyptian, Nubian, and Assyrian Empires (4.1, 4.2)
Transcript of The Egyptian, Nubian, and Assyrian Empires (4.1, 4.2)
By Land, Sea, and Air...not quite yet
The New Kingdom of Egypt
New Kingdom (1570-1075 BC) look to strengthen by building an empire
Did so by increasing military
Bronze weapons, chariots, archers, charioteers, infantry
But not just war!
Hatshepsut (1472 BC) encourages trade
Carried out trading expeditions to land near present-day Somalia
Thutmose III changes this and becomes much more warlike
Took lands to the east (Palestine and Syria) and pushed further in Nubia
Egyptians and Hittites clash but Ramses II gets an alliance (1285 BC)
Nomadic Invaders Rule Egypt
Weak Pharaohs emerged after the Middle Kingdom
ruled 1640 to 1570 BC
During this time, Hebrews supposedly settled in Egypt
Some say the Hyksos encouraged
1. We will be able to identify key characteristics of Egypt’s civilization.
2. We will be able to analyze the rise of the New Kingdom in Egypt, the Assyrian Empire, Nubian Empires and their declines.
3. We will be able to assess the military might of the Assyrian Empire.
Why might a merchant welcome the expansion of a strong empire? Why might this be problematic
1600 BC-Changes are Coming
Warlike rulers began to restore Egypt's power
Hyksos driven out of Egypt to Palestine
Hebrews supposedly remain and are enslaved
SupposedlyWould not leave Egypt until Exodus
Old Kingdom had pyramids
New Kingdom had temples
Began to slip after Ramses II around (1200 BC)
Sea and desert could no longer protect
Libyans take control but change little (950 to 730 BC)
Nubians come north and seize power, but change little too
Kushites Conquer the Nile Region
Kingdom of Kush between 2000-1000 BC dominated by Egypt
Emerged as power before rise of New Kingdom
Consistently influenced by Egyptian culture
Kushite princes: learned languages, dress, customs
Wanted to guard Egyptian values as it declined in 1200 BC to the Libyans
Piankhi Captures the Egyptian Throne
751 BC Painkhi, Kushite king, overthrew Libyan ruled Egypt
United the entire Nile Valley
However, it was short lived.
Assyrians conquered Egypt in 671 BC
Even with loss, Kushites experienced a golden age
The Golden Age of Meroe
Moved further south and toward Red Sea
Major supply of iron and good for trade
Fell as Aksum took trade
The Mighty Assyrian Empire
850 BC Assyria acquired large empire in Mesopotamia
Had easy land for attack, so built warlike behavior
Conquered Babylon and others with well equipped soldiers
Showed no mercy (killed or enslaved victims)
Forced the conquered to move
Large Land Ruled-Great System
Local government reported to central government
Do we still have this?
A Great Library
20,000+ clay tablets
Organized by subject matter
Conquered by Medes and Chaldeans
Chaldeans reestablished Babylon in 600BC
1000 years after Hammurabi
King Nebuchadnezzar rebuilt city and established Hanging Gardens of Babylon.
Fell shortly after Nebuchadnezzar's death
However, great ziggurat allowed for astronomy and astrology to grow.