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Bipolar presentation

group presentation

matt marbach

on 9 May 2010

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Transcript of Bipolar presentation

Bipolar Disorder By:
Nick Ciaramella
Matt Marbach
Carley Palmer
Siamak Hejabian What is Bipolar disorder? What does this mean? How many people are diagnosed with Bipolar? What age is it typically diagnosed? What makes Bipolar different from mood disorders? Symptoms of Mania “Highs” Heightened mood, exaggerated optimism and self-confidence
Excessive irritability, aggressive behavior
Decreased need for sleep without experiencing fatigue
Grandiose thoughts, inflated sense of self-importance
Racing speech, racing thoughts, flight of ideas
Impulsiveness, poor judgment, easily distracted
Reckless behavior
In the most severe cases, delusions and hallucinations
Symptoms of Depression “Lows” Prolonged sadness or unexplained crying spells
Significant changes in appetite and sleep patterns
Irritability, anger, worry, agitation, anxiety
Pessimism, indifference
Loss of energy, persistent lethargy
Feelings of guilt, worthlessness
Inability to concentrate, indecisiveness
Inability to take pleasure in former interests, social withdrawal
Unexplained aches and pains
Recurring thoughts of death or suicide
What causes Bipolar disorder Effects on individuals and loved ones How does bipolar disorder affect parents and family? Families may experience:
- guilt, sorrow, and grief
- fear for loved one
- disruption in routines
- Family roles changes
- Financial difficulties
-Social network shrinking
Actions can affect others Depression, suicide and other symptoms
of bipolar disorder can
involve family members, friends.
Management Families can help manage the disorder
Family and friends tend to be at the front-line of managing the other’s disorder

Increasing evidence suggests that family involvement is directly beneficial to the sufferer. Living well with bipolar disorder requires certain adjustments:
Daily decisions
Get involved in treatment
Monitoring symptoms and moods
Reaching out to other people
Keep stress to a minimum
Do you believe that surrounding people can directly affect the disorder and the mood swings? Why or why not?
Early-onset bipolar Considered different from adult-onset bipolar
Due to differences between a child’s physiology from an adult
Combo causes this early-onset bipolar
More occurrence in male sex
Biggest difference is in the diagnosis

Similar to ADHD
Children normally can be erratic
Incapable of having some adult symptoms
May just be that the child needs
Grow out of it
Firmer parenting
Observers say wouldn’t let MY kid act like that
Hard to Diagnose Bipolar and ADHD overlap Overlapping symptoms
Easily distracted
Decreased sleep needs
Racing thoughts
ADHD + conduct disorder looks almost exactly like bipolar
Stats and risks Stats
59% of all bipolar people had first symptoms as children
33% of children who experience major depression developed BP I by age 21 and 15% had BP II
80% of kids diagnosed with early-onset came from family with mood disorders or alcoholism on both sides of family
Risks Suicide
Depression disorder
Younger males at risk
If not diagnosed ADHD stims bad
Most children with BP meat ADHD criteria
Dealing with Early-onset bipolar disorder Difficult to treat in children and adolescence
Professionals need to keep up to date historical family data
Euphoric moods rare in child cases
Medication hard with multi diagnosis
Treatment in general is hard for children and adolescence
Discussion question With early-onset bipolar having so many symptoms in common with ADHD do you believe it a legit illness or are people just blowing extreme cases of ADHD out of proportion? Bipolar Disorder Treatment Correct Diagnosis is the KEY to treatment Which Treatment
(Medications 0R Psychotherapy) Depends on type of Bipolar disorder and the level of severity
Both carry risk and benefits
Success varies
Meds+ family members+ friends= Ultimate treatment
Treating Bipolar disorder BEST TREATMENT: Recognizing triggers and avoiding them (by the patient and family and friends)

Can you name some of these triggers?
Triggers Alcohol
[Family-focused] [Cognitive][Interpersonal][PsychoEducation][Behavioral][Social rhythm] What We Learned in CEP 260 Pharmacotherapy along with Psychotherapy treatment Patients’ expectations: Research studies indicated that treatment expectancies significantly predicted response across both the psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy conditions
A trial of two antidepressants found that 90% of depressed patients who reported high expectancies for improvement at the start of the study responded to treatment, compared with only 33% of those who expected the medications to be “somewhat effective” (Gaudiano. P. 671-676)
Conclusion on Treatment Please DO NOT diagnose yourself
Seek a well recognized specialist’s help
All bipolar patient need psychotherapy but ONLY some need medication
At the end remember: treatments will work only if you believe inthem
Quick quiz! True/False
1. Families may feel guilt , sorrow, and grief

2. Recognizing and avoiding triggers is the best treatment
Multiple choice 3. What is bipolar similar to in children?
A. ADHD B. Child abuse
C. Bacterial infections D. none of the above 4. What is a symptom of mainia?
A. headaches B low immune system
C. Reckless behavior D. all of the above Answers 1. true
2. true
4. C reckless behavior Refrances
Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance: Bipolar Disorder Information. (2006, May 10). Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance: Improving the Lives of People Living with Mood Disorders. Retrieved April 22, 2010, from http://www.dbsalliance.org/site/PageServer?pagename=about_bipolar_overview&gclid=CPCpmIPMlaECFQYMDQo Gaudiano A. Brandon A.(2006). Patients’ Expectancies, the Alliance in Pharmacotherapy, and Treatment
Outcomes in Bipolar Disorder. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Vol. 74, No. 4, 671–676 Retrieved April 19, 2010, from http://ft.csa.com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/ids7

National Institude of Mental Health, . (2010, January 8).Bipolar disorder in children and teens. Retrieved from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/bipolar-disorder-in-children-and-teens-easy-to-read/index.shtml Partners, B.C. (2008). Bipolar disorder: effects on the family. Retrieved from http://www.heretohelp.bc.ca/publications/factsheets/bipolar/family Smith, M, & Segal, R. (2009, February). Living and coping with bipolar disorder. Retrieved from http://helpguide.org/mental/bipolar_disorder_self_help.htm Lansford, A., & MD. (2005, October 4). Bipolar Disorder in Childhood and Adolescence. Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics Online dbpeds.org. Retrieved April 22, 2010, from http://www.dbpeds.org/articles/detail.cfm?TextID=147 NIMH · Bipolar Disorder in Children and Teens (Easy to Read). (n.d.). NIMH · Home. Retrieved April 22, 2010, from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/bipolar-disorder-in-children-and-teens-easy-to-read/index.shtml Phillips, J. A. (n.d.). Tracking down the Footprints of Bipolar Disorder. CSA. Retrieved April 22, 2010, from http://www.csa.com/discoveryguides/bipolar/overview.php Dunn, D. S., Hammer, E. Y., Lloyd, M. A., & Weiten, W. (2008). Psychology Applied to Modern Life: Adjustment in the 21st Century (9 ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing. Perry, D. (Director). (2008). Boy Interrupted [Documentary]. USA: Hbo. Discusion question!
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