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Transcript of Benjamin Franklin
In 1733 Franklin published Poor Richard's Almanack. Almanacs of the time were printed annually, and contained information like weather reports, recipes, predictions and inspirational sayings. He published his almanac under the name of a poor man called Richard Saunders, who needed money to take care of his sick wife. Many of the famous quotes by Franklin, such as, "A penny saved is a penny earned" come from Poor Richard. Poor Richard's Almanack
Franklin continued to contribute to his society during the 1730s and 1740s. He helped start projects to pave, clean and light Philadelphia's streets. He started prompting for the cleaning of the environment. Civil Contributions Electricity
Upon returning from England, he started working for Independence. Franklin was elected to the Second Continental Congress and worked on a committee with four others that helped to draft the Declaration of Independence. Though much of the writing is Thomas Jefferson's, most of the contribution is Franklin's. In 1776 Franklin signed the Declaration. Afterward, he sailed to France as an ambassador to the Court of Louis XVI. Franklin Comes Home. http://www.ushistory.org/franklin/info/index.htm -Born: January 17, 1706
-Born in: Boston. Massachusetts
-Career: Author, Printer, Satirist, Political Theorist, Inventor, Politician, Scientist, Civic Activist, Statesman and Diplomat
-Died: April 17, 1790 Benjamin Franklin's Childhood and Adult Life Benjamin Franklin is the son of Josiah Franklin and his second wife Abiah Folger, he was the 10th of 15 kids in his family. He came from a poor family and only attended school for 2 years. He then went to work for father starting at the age of 10, and 2 years later became his brothers apprentice doing printing. Ben Franklin became and fugitive later on because he left his apprenticeship without permission and ran away to Philadelphia. Childhood He started working in several printer shops, went to London and worked as a compositor in a printing shop. In 1726 at age '20 he returned back to Philadelphia. He later created Junto, a discussion group of concurring aspiring artisans and tradesmen. Also developed a library that today have over 500,000 rare books, and by 1730 he had his own printing house that published newspaper called "The Pennsylvania Gazette". Franklin gained the most social respect in town. By 1734 he reached the position of a grand master. The same year, he edited and published the first Masonic book in America, a reprint of James Anderson's Constitutions of the Free-Masons. Franklin remained a Freemason for the rest of his life. Early Life In 1733 Franklin started publishing Poor Richard's Almanack, with original and borrowed content. He stopped writing Almanack in 1758, the same year he printed Father Abraham's Sermon. He also wrote an autobiography, known as ‘Franklin’s Biography’, which was released after his death.
Franklin is known for making a number of inventions and discoveries. The most popular one is the lightning rod, the glass harmonica, the Franklin stove ,and bifocal glasses. In 1743, Franklin founded the American Philosophical Society, with the aim of helping the men associated with scientific research, to discuss their discoveries and theories. Adult Life Benjamin Franklin passed away on 17th April 1790, at age 84. His funeral was attended by approximately 20,000 people, after he was burried in The Christ Church Burial Ground in Philadelphia. Mentioned in the will Franklin left about $4,400 to the cities of Boston and Philadelphia, in trust to gather interest for 200 years. While Philadelphia spent it on scholarships for local high school students, Boston created a trade school that became the Franklin Institute of Boston Death One of his largest accomplishments was helping to launch the Library Company in 1731. During this era, books were scarce and expensive. Franklin acknowledged that. By pooling together resources, members of the Company could afford to buy books from England. Thus was born the nation's first library. Recognizing that the city needed better help in treating the sick, Franklin brought together a group of skilled people who formed the Pennsylvania Hospital in 1751. The Library Company, Philosophical Society, and Pennsylvania Hospital are all in existence today. Those who suffered damage to their homes from fire, often suffered horrible economic loss. In 1752, Franklin helped to found the Philadelphia Contribution for Insurance Against Loss by Fire. Anyone with these insurance policies were not wiped out financially by fire damage. The Contributionship is still in business today. Fires were a very dangerous threat in Philadelphia, so Franklin tried to help the situation. In 1736, he organized Philadelphia's Union Fire Company. His famous saying, "An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure," was actually fire-fighting advice. Franklin's printing business was thriving in the 1730s and 1740s. He also started setting up printing partnerships in other cities. By 1749 he retired and started concentrating on science. In 1743, he had invented a heat-efficient stove — the Franklin stove — to help warm houses. Since the stove was invented to help improve society, he refused to take out a patent. In the early 1750's he turned to the study of electricity. His observations, including his kite experiment brought Franklin international fame. Among Franklin's other inventions are swim fins, the glass armonica (a musical instrument) and bifocals. Due to Franklin's popularity, the government of France signed a Treaty of Alliance with the Americans in 1778. He also helped to secure loans and persuade the French they were doing the right thing. Franklin was on hand to sign the Treaty of Paris in 1783, after the Americans had won the Revolution. In his late seventies, Franklin returned to America. He became the President of the Executive Council of Pennsylvania. He served as a delegate to the Constitutional Convention and signed the Constitution. One of his last public acts was writing an anti-slavery treatise in 1789. ~ End ~