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Tang and Song Dynasties
Transcript of Tang and Song Dynasties
618-907 & 960-1279
The Tang and
History of the Tang Dynasty
The first "glorious period" or period of prosperity was during this dynasty.
Some of the Tang dynasties achievements were; gunpowder, scroll paintings, some wind musical instruments, and flame throwing originated there.
The Tang Dynasty was a very stable time period in China and some people consider it China's Golden Age. The Tang Dynasty was a very self sufficient time for China and did not do much trade
History of the Song Dynasty
The dynasty was a monarchy, it employed a large bureaucracy.
Worked to weaken the power of large landowners and to help poor peasants to obtain land.
During this time trade with Japan and Korea increased greatly.
It was dependent primarily on agriculture.
Invented the Chain Drive Mechanism (Mechanical Clock), Porcelain, Chinese Opera, winemaking, landscape paintings, guns and cannons, magnetic compass, rocket and multi-stage rockets, printing (movable type).
The Song Dynasty was, like the tang, a golden age, filled with great progression with trade from other Asian countries, like Japan and Korea. The only reason they were overthrown was because they were insecure about her own military ability
and thus put her trust in the wrong people.
The ancient art of the Chinese Opera is still practiced today.
Wind instruments include the woodwinds, such as the flute, the clarinet, the oboe, and the bassoon. Wind instruments also include brass instruments, such as the trumpet, the horn, the trombone, and the tuba. The saxophone is considered a woodwind, but it may be made of brass.
Tang Dynasty Fun Fact that
Relates to Modern Times
Unexpectedly, his favorite general began a bloody rebellion. Someone had to be accountable for this tragedy, so he sacrificed his wife; it was said that every day after he lost her, he washed his face with tears.
In the eighth century, the dynasty started to weaken, and The Uighurs (a tribal group) was hired to protect the dynasty; this was not successful, leading to the downfall of the dynasty in 907.
(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr
After the fall of the Sui dynasty, the Tang dynasty was formed. It was a bureaucracy that was centered around Confucianism.
Ultimately they got defeated by the Mongols because their emperors didn't trust their own generals , divided the army, and was outmaneuvered and overrun easier than a concentrated force.
In 1200 the Mongols(from Gobi) wanted to gain land, so they made an alliance with China, and then overthrew the Song Dynasty.
The downfall of Tang Dynasty sparked the creation of the Song Dynasty
The Song Dynasty was founded in 960 by Zhao Kuangyin, other emperors included Kuanggyin and Yue Fei. It's government type, along with the Tang Dynasty was centralized and was based off of Confucianism.
The first emperor was Tang Xaun Zang, who was well known for being devoted to a commoner’s daughter. He always had performers around his court to entertain his lover.
Many conflicts with their northern neighbors, the Mongols, caused them to move the capital to Hangzhou in 1127 after they lost Tibet. This is why it became known as Northern Song(960-1127) and Southern Song(1127-1279).
By Grace Fendrick & Mae Turney
Song Dynasty Fun Fact that
Relates to Modern Times
Grace Fendrick and Mae Turney