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Motion and Physics of Gymnastics

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by

Brent Ertman

on 3 June 2014

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Transcript of Motion and Physics of Gymnastics

Motion and Physics of Gymnastics
There are a lot of physics involved in the sport of gymnastics. Most gymnastics is determined on the strength, speed, and flexibility of the gymnast. Also another important thing is the mental and physical well being of the athlete.
So who invented it, and when?

Johann Friedrich GutsMuths did, and it was first introduced as a competitive sport in 1896 in the first Athens Olympics.
The Vault
The vault consists of taking forward momentum when the gymnast runs and pushing it upward over the vault, all in a certain amount of time to perform a series of skills. On average a gymnast spend 1.2 seconds in the air vaulting. Every millisecond counts
Power Tumbling
Speed is a huge factor when tumbling. In order to gain speed down the track we must angle our bodies, feet in front of shoulders to create momentum and speed. ... Here, lets watch

The importance of speed, height, and time in gymnastics
The importance of speed, height and time in gymnastics.
Speed

Speed causes height which affects time. Speed also causes rotation and flip.
Height

In order to gain height gymnasts must deny the force of gravity.
Balance

Balance and co-ordination are important not only to know where you are but how fast you are flipping and when the ground is coming. In order to be balanced in the air while flipping, gymnasts must find a center of rotation.
So how do we do it?
First step is gaining speed, mostly by running or jumping, and sometimes even flipping like Power Tumbling. Once the gymnast has gained enough momentum, they must set upward and lift their bodies within milliseconds. Once the gymnast has gained enough height to perform their skill, they must use many muscles, (mostly stomach0 to snap quickly and tightly into position to start rotation. Speed of rotation is determined by the number of flips/twists you need to do before landing again. Believe it or not gymnasts control exactly the speed and timing of their flips. each gymnast is different based on their weight, height, gender, ans skill level.
Important factors of being a gymnast.

Height
Time
Speed
Momentum
Physical and Mental health
Strength
Flexibility
Balance
Force
Co-ordination

Why I believe Gymnastics is one of the hardest sports ever.
Its not easy being a gymnast. Gymnasts must have an outstanding amount of co-ordination in order to look, snap, flip, and rotate within a matter of seconds.
Gymnasts must also eliminate the force of gravity with pure muscle and power.
Not to mention the countless hours of training, traveling and resting as well as school
By Brent Ertman
By Brent Ertman
Full transcript