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Igbo Culture: Music
Transcript of Igbo Culture: Music
Fela Kuti created Afrobeat by fusing traditional Nigerian music, jazz and highlife. Today, it is often mixed with hip hop or makossa and well known even outside Africa.
Apala is a percussion-based style of the Muslim Yoruba people in Nigeria, West Africa.
Assiko is a rhythmic dance from Cameroon.
Popular style from Nigeria, based on traditional Muslim Yoruba music.
History and Tradition
Rhythm and Patterns
The pattern or flow of sound created by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables in accentual verse or of long and short syllables in quantitative verse
Igbo Culture: Music
The Ekwe or
is made from a tree trunk that has been hollowed out and has two rectangular holes at each end. The size of the drum varies depending on its use and significance. The Ekwe can be used at coronations, cultural events and festivals.
The Ogene or
is the most important instrument among the Igbo people. It is made out of metal, shaped into an oblong shape and tapered to a handle. The Ogene can be used in ceremonies, songs, dances, and ceremonies of many different types. It can also be used to transmit messages.
The Igba or
is made from wood, hollowed out and covered at one end, usually with an animal hide that is held down tight fasteners. This instrument can be used in songs, dances, and ceremonies. It has been known amongst the Igbo people to signal good and bad news.
The Oja, or
is made from wood and designed with a cavity inside the wood and multiple other holes for the lips and fingers. It can be used with songs and dances and can also be played solo.
The Udu or
is made of clay and shaped into a sphere, hollowed out, and has a small round open mouth. It usually provides the bass for songs and dances. The drum has also been used by the Igbo people as storage to keep water, palm oil and produce.
In Africa the "Drum" is the pulse of music. (It mostly revolves around it.)
Compared to American music Igbo or any African type of music is significantly different because of the different rhythms, exaggeration of a certain beat, and of course instrumentation.
Now Hispanic or Latin music types have similarities with African type music with the dominant Auxiliary or Percussion instruments, the only different is type of more up beat and different chord progressions and the addition of guitar and piano.
Most african songs are religious as a calling or worship to the gods.
Birth, marriage and burial are considered the three most important family events in most cultures, and Igboland is not an exception to that.
It is common to get invited to a traditional marriage (Igbankwu) and certainly worth witnessing one. Marriage in Igboland is not just an affair between the future husband and wife but also involves the parents, the extended family and villages. First the groom asks his potential partner to marry him. Assuming that this is affirmative, the groom will visit the bride’s residence accompanied by his father. The groom’s father will introduce himself and his son and explain the purpose of his visit.
The bride’s father welcomes the guests, invites his daughter to come and asks her if she knows the groom. Her confirmation shows that she agrees with the proposal. Then the bride’s price settlement (Ika-Akalika) starts with the groom accompanied by his father and elders visiting the bride’s compound on another evening.
1.Compare and contrast Igbo music styles to other culture type styles and instrumentation.
2.Evaluate the different types of instruments used by the Igbo and for what types of songs they are used in.
3.Explain the different situations were in different types or styles of Igbo music would be used.