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Transcript of humanities report
A study of the early beginnings of art in the country shows relation of the arts to the life and time out of which they sprung. By tracing the pathways of the arts in this country, we can acquire a richer and fuller understanding of the spirit and inner life of the people as reflected in their works of art (Estolas, et al., 2008)
PRE-COLONIAL Art in the Philippines
During the pre-colonial period, there was a lively cultural interchange between the Philippines and the other Asian countries through migration and trade.
Country or People of Origin/ Period
-Found in the graves of pre-spanish Filipinos, as well as in the homes of mountain people and cultural minorities.
-The Duyong cave and the Tabon caves in palawan (two burial sites with charcoal in grave fill dated roughly 2680 B.C)
-Bato cave in sorsogon
-The Manunggul burial jar
Early Metal Age
-various archeological sites: palawan and calatagan excavation sites.
Late Metal Age
-The sophistication of goldwork can be seen
in the gold beads in Guri Cave.
this period shows the development of glass technology and art of weaving in the Philippines as the Filipinos strove for better control over their environment. influences from neighboring countries were made themselves felt during this Age primarily through trading
The most convenient approach to the study of thousand of pre-hipanic pottery is to classify them by shape, method of decoration, and type of design used in the surface.
during 16th century
spanish rule in the Philippines has left profound changes in the life of the Filipinos and the natives experienced the process of adjustment and acculturation.
Paintings influence by spaniards
rizal family house
Music and Dance
Art During the American Regime Up to the Japanese Occupation
For four decades of American colonization in the Philippines, they, one way or the other, had somehow influence Philippine arts.
traditional architects still held on to neoclassicism or to eclecticism, some architects who are knowledgeable in the architectural developments in Europe and US, began to introduce modern elements in design.
for examples HOUSES like BUNGALOWS and CHALETS
Guillermo Tolentino finished hi Andres Bonifacio monument in 1933.
Ramon Martinez made his sculptural portrayal of Bonifacio in 1905.
Painting activity during the Japanese occupation was at a standstill.
Japanese money called Kura or Mickey Mouse Money. One form of painted art during the period. It is used as a currency in 1940's
During the Japanese occupation, Filipinos were encouraged to write on a condition that they would use Tagalog as a medium. However, the writers did not fully enjoy the freedom of expressions due to several restrictions. Entertainment was in a form of stage play.
Music and Dances
the first opera written by a filipino under the American regime was Sandugong Panaginip (Dream Alliance) written by Pedro Paterno. The opera reflects the thinking of Paterno and the attitude of collaboration with the Americans, that is, Filipino acceptance of America sovereignty and cooperation with the new rulers.
Present Philippine Art
There are a good number of well-known architects in the Philippines. Foremost among the country's modern architects are: Leonardo Lacson (CCP), Jose Manosa (SMC) and his Coconut Palace where its structure explored the creative uses of coconut.
Napoleon Abueva, who is considered as the first modern Filipino sculptor, regard national identity in sculpture as unnecessary, believing instead that "pure form and design" alone should be the consideration in appraising their works.
Some of his sculpture works are Baby Moses (1951) and Ring of the Gods (1971)
Juan Luna translated into canvass his deplorable thoughts and feelings about war and destruction in Spoliarium and E. Aguilar Cruz are considered as expressionists.
Lao Ocampo Joya
Some modern Filipino painters are:
Early Beginnings of arts in the Philippines