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Daniel Mannix

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Nathan Katona

on 9 October 2012

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Transcript of Daniel Mannix

1860 1870 1880 1910 1900 1940 1930 1920 1970 1960 1950 1890 March 4 1864: Daniel Mannix was born on this day at his father’s substantial tenant farm, Deerpark, Charleville, Cork, Ireland son of Timothy Mannix to become one of Australia’s most debated political figures during the early 20th century 1890: Daniel Mannix was ordained a priest at St. Patrick’s College, Maynooth, County Kildare, where he studied and became a successful junior professor to teach philosophy in 1891 and theology in 1894. 1903-1912: Daniel Mannix served as president of the college, with during his service of this office that Maynooth acquired the status of a university college. 1912: Mannix was appointed titular archbishop of Pharsalus 1913: The arrival of Daniel Mannix in Melbourne as the coadjutor archbishop. He was the subject of controversy with his demands for the aid of education for Roman Catholics in return for their taxes. 1916-1917: Mannix campaigns against the 1916 and 1917 conscription referendum in Australia which would result in troop reinforcement for WWI would become compulsory and to provide reinforcement overseas as Britain needed more soldiers. In both years, the referendum was rejected by only 72,000 votes in 1916 and 100,000 votes in 1917. 1917: Daniel Mannix became the Archbishop of Melbourne in 1917 after Archbishop Thomas Carr’s death and then continued his career for nearly half a century and was also the Chaplain-General for the Australian Armed Forces. He became the spokesman for the Irish nationalist movement Sinn Fein where he campaigned alongside the Labour party against the involvement of the armed forces in WWII. Catholics that looked up to him became a powerful influence on the Labour party. 1920: Daniel Mannix was a supporter of Irish Independence; he made a journey to Rome where his lengthy speeches attracted large and enthusiastic crowds. This campaign caused the British government to prevent him from landing in Ireland, which he finally visited in 1925. 1923: Mannix founds Corpus Christi College, which is Australia’s oldest surviving seminary (which is a school that prepares students to become priests and ministers) 1925: During Holy Year he led an Australian pilgrimage to Rome, Lourdes (France) and finally Ireland. 1937: Australian Catholic Action originated in Daniel Mannix’s Melbourne diocese and advanced into one of the most organised systems of Catholic Action in the world. The construction of the spires for St Patricks Cathedral began and in 1939, the construction was completed and blessed by Daniel Mannix. 1940s - 1950s: After the end of WWII around 1945, Daniel Mannix seeks to stop Communist intrusion into the Australian Trade Unions believing that it and supports the Catholic initiatives that oppose the growth of communism in Australia, and also supported the Catholic Social Studies Movement, the National Civic Council and Bartholomew Augustine Santamaria. He was also a promoter of Catholic Action was responsible for establishing 181 schools including St. Mary’s College at the University of Melbourne and 108 parishes all over Australia. 1958: Mannix supported the Democratic Labour party and made a statement warning Catholics that voting for the Australian Labour party (lead by Herbert Vere Evatt) saying “every Communist and Communist sympathiser in Australia was a victory for the Evatt party.” 6 November, 1963: On Melbourne Cup Day, Daniel Mannix collapsed at race time and died at the age of 99. He left an extensive legacy through his years as the archbishop with archdiocesan parishioners increasing by 450,000, churches increasing by 110 and priests, brothers and nuns increasing by a total of 1154. Archbishop Carr Herbert V. Evatt Daniel Mannix - Timeline By Nathan K. and Marcus B. Bibliography Wikipedia Contributors. “Daniel Mannix” 17 July, 2012. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopaedia [cited 27 September 2012]. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Mannix

NO AUTHOR. “Conscription referendums, 1916 and 1917 – Fact sheet 161” NO DATE. National Archives of Australia [cited 28 September 2012] http://www.naa.gov.au/collection/fact-sheets/fs161.aspx

Rowland, Tracey. “Timeline of the Catholic Church in Australia” 2000. To Know Worship and Love, [cited 13 September 2012] http://www.kwl.com.au/httpdocs/Articals/Timeline%20of%20The%20 Catholic%20Church%20in% 20Australia.htm

Griffin, James, “Mannix, Daniel (1864–1963)”, 1986. Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, [cited 15 September 2012] http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography /mannix-daniel-7478/text13033, accessed 7 October 2012.

NO AUTHOR, “Daniel Mannix, Catholic Archbishop of Melbourne – Fact Sheet 248” NO DATE. National Archives of Australia [cited 15 September 2012] http://www.naa.gov.au/collection/fact-sheets/fs248.aspx

NO AUTHOR, “Daniel Mannix Biography” 2005-2006, Book Rags from Encyclopaedia of World Biography [cited 14 September 2012] http://www.bookrags.com/biography/daniel-mannix/

Frank Murphy, “Daniel Mannix: Archbishop of Melbourne, 1917–196” 2nd ed. (1972), Encyclopaedia Britannica [cited 13 September 2012] “http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/362621/Daniel-Mannix 1840 1830 1850 1788 1820 26/01/1788 Arrival of the First Fleet at Sydney Cove 01/01/1821 Construction of the first catholic church as a permanent building in Richmond, Tasmania 01/01/1835 Australia’s first catholic Bishop Fr. Polding 01/01/1842 Robert Wilson appointed as the first bishop of Hobart 01/01/1845 John Brady became the first bishop of Perth. 1847 James Alpius Goold appointed as first bishop of Melbourne. 1848 The catholic church in Australia divides into provinces and dioceses 1859 James Quinn was appointed as the first bishop of Brisbane 1866 Mary MacKillop and Fr Julian Tension Woods founded the sisters of St Josephs 1881 First permanent St Vincent de Paul society established in Australia. 1897 St Patricks Cathedral is consecrated How do the challenges and difficulties that they faced in their time and place encourage us to face our challenges with our values, beliefs and faith in the future? Daniel Mannix faced many challenges throughout his life as many of his thoughts and actions were criticized by the government. He was a man of strong enthusiasms and spent most of his life devoted to his cause which is why there is a close link between the Catholic community and the Labour party from his career as a political prelate (bishop). His accomplishments are shown with the large increase of the Christians in Australia from his arrival in 1913 and the government’s involvement with the Catholic Church. The success that he achieved throughout his life from the amount of effort he put in and enormous belief he had with the Church and the Australian government shows us that we can accomplish much throughout our lives.
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