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Travel and Tourism - Dylan & Meghan

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Inveralmond chs

on 20 September 2012

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Transcript of Travel and Tourism - Dylan & Meghan

Travel & Tourism Factors Political Change In 1871 the Bank Holiday Act created four public holidays a year. In 1901 the Factory Act gave women and young people at least six days paid holiday a year. In 1938 the Holidays with Pay Act made annual family holidays a reality for the masses. In 1969 the Development of Tourism Act created British Tourist Authority and National Tourist Boards - stimulating inbound and domestic tourism. Economic Change 16th - 18th Century : Travel was the Privilege of the wealthy. 19th Century : The rise in factory employment in towns meant that there was an increase in wages. Combined with Entrepreneurs like Thomas Cook offering special fares, reducing the cost of travel, more people could afford to go away. 20th Century : Wages continued to rise. The cost of travelling overseas fell, with charter operators and no-frills airlines offering low prices to travellers. Social Change 16th - 18th Century : The rise of spas, whilst having health benifits, it increased popularity of social/fashionable resorts such as Bath, Buxtin and Scarborough.
The rise of the seaside increased the popularity of places such as Brighton, Blackpool and Southend. 19th Century : Rise in urban population meant there was more motivation to travel for relaxation to the coast/seaside.
There was more enthusiasm for healthy outdoor life.
Victorian values included family holidays.
Attitudes changed towards travel as tour operators took the worry out of travelling. 20th Century : World Wars stimulated a desire to travel.
Cinema, radio and TV stimulated an interest in foreign travel.
Working weeks became shorter and there was an increase in disposable income.
By the 1990s most British workers had 4-6 weeks paid holiday a year. Technological Change 17th - 18th Century : This brought the development of stage-coach and the initial developments in road building. 19th Century : This brought the invention of tarmacadam, the development of the railway, the introduction of passenger steamships and the invention of the bicycle. 20th Century : This brought the invention of the motor car, the introduction of the charabanc, the developments in aircraft technology (surplus wartime aircraft).
The Boeing 747 wide-bodied jets could carry 400+ passengers.
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