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Transcript of Sartre
Raised by his grandfather, who introduced him to literature
1929: Met Simone de Beauvoir
Meteorologist for French Army; POW
Studied philosophy in France and became a teacher Influences Descartes Kant Marx Heidegger de Beauvoir his philosophy Sartre's existentialism starts from an isolated individual and looks outward
in the absence of universal values, every person shapes his or her own values and creates individual meaning
the novel describes the development and hardening of Grendel's own affiliation with Sartre's philosophies Husserl 1905-1980 Sartre believed that each individual is entirely and uniquely responsible for what he or she is. The realization of this responsibility produces anguish, the feeling of total solitude and despair. Grendel: Chapter 11 "I alone exist." Grendel creates his own order, with himself and his perceptions of the world as the center and subject. "For the world is divided into... things to be murdered, and things that would hinder the murder of things." Grendel is raised without any true parental guidance, so he creates and abides by his own rules and values. "The mind lays out the world in blocks." Grendel acknowledges his role in the universe, though it is lonely and depressing, because he understands he is responsible for his own actions and choices. Life has no essential meaning. Significance of sartre Forces us to ask:
Is Grendel a monster or a hero? allows reader to see Grendel's character growth (develops own belief, rather than adopting beliefs of others)
transforms monster into a being more relatable and human, thus worthy of a bit of respect and compassion Amanda Mancenido