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Sri Lanka

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Sarika M

on 9 June 2011

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Transcript of Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka Population 21,513,990
But since the outbreak of hostilities between the government and armed Tamil separatists in the mid-1980s, several hundred thousand Tamil civilians have fled the island and more than 200,000 Tamils have sought refuge in the West. By Sarika Manavalan Sinhalese, an Indo-Aryan group make up 73.8% percent of the population Indian tamils form 5.1 percent Sri-Lankan Tamils at 12.6 percent Suffrage: Universal over 18. Government Population growth rate:

0.934% (2011 est.) Birth rate:

17.42 births/1,000 population (2011 est.) Death rate:
5.92 deaths/1,000 population
(July 2011 est.) Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 75.73 years
country comparison to the world: 81
male: 72.21 years
female: 79.38 years (2011 est.) Government type: Republic Capital: Colombo President:Mahinda Rajapaksa. The actual name of Sri Lanka is
the Deemocratic Socialist Republic
of Sri Lanka Politcal Stability A civil war was going on in Sri Lanka from 1983 to 2009. The Sinhalese dominated government discriminated and attacked the Tamils along with other minorities. They tried to form an as an all Sinhalese nation. The LITE, a separatist organization founded in May 1976, waged a violent secessionist campaign that sought to create an independent Tamil state in the north and east of Sri Lanka. This campaign evolved into the Sri Lankan Civil War, which was one of the longest running armed conflicts in Asia until the LTTE was defeated by the Sri Lankan Military in May 2009. The Tamil Tigers, who during the height of their power possessed a well-developed militia, were notorious for recruiting child soldiers, for carrying out civilian massacres, suicide bombings and various other high profile attacks, including the assassinations of several high-ranking Sri Lankan and Indian politicians like Sri Lankan President Ranasinghe Premadasa in 1993, and former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi in 1991.ring this time With the end of the war, the government of Sri Lanka called for redevelopment of the nation. The final stages of the war left some 300,000 people displaced. Geography Climate:tropical monsoon Natural resources:limestone, graphite, mineral sands, gems, phosphates, clay, hydropower Area:total: 65,610 sq km Economy GDP-real growth rate:
9.1% (2010 est.) GDP:$49.68 billion (2010 est.) GDP-per capita:
$5,000 (2010 est.) GDP - composition by sector:

agriculture: 12.6%
industry: 29.8%
services: 57.6% (2010 est.) Labor force:8.1 million (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 56

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 32.7%
industry: 26.3%
services: 41% (December 2008 est.) Unemployment rate:
5.4% (2010 est.) Inflation rate:
5.6% (2010 est.) Industries:

processing of rubber, tea, coconuts, tobacco and other agricultural commodities; telecommunications, insurance, banking; tourism, shipping; clothing, textiles; cement, petroleum refining, information technology services, construction Exports - commodities:

textiles and apparel, tea and spices; rubber manufactures; precious stones; coconut products, fish Imports - commodities:

petroleum, textiles, machinery and transportation equipment, building materials, mineral products, foodstuffs Currency: Sri Lankan rupee (LKR)
adapted the model of ‘National Economy’ replacing the capitalist economy Transportation The major ports and terminals
are in Colombo. Airports:18 (2010) Roadways:total: 91,907 km (2008) Railways:total: 1,449 km
country compa Education Languages:

Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8%
note: English is commonly used in government and is spoken competently by about 10% of the population Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 90.7%
male: 92.3%
female: 89.1% (2001 census) School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

total: 13 years
male: 12 years
female: 13 years (2004) Communication Telephones-main lines in use:
3.523 million (2010) Telephones-mobile cellular:
15.868 million (2010) Internet users:
1.777 million (2009) Broadcast media:

government operates 2 television channels and a radio network; multi-channel satellite and cable TV subscription services are obtainable; 8 private TV stations and about a dozen private radio stations in operation (2008 Energy Energy sources in Sri Lanka consists primarily of hydro, coal, fossil fuel and biomass, with sources such as photovoltaics and wind power in early stages of development. Energy in Sri Lanka is generated by three main sources; thermal, hydroelectric and other non-conventional renewable energy sources, which includes small hydro.[1 Culture Being one of the largest producers of tea in the world, tea plays a major role in their lives. Many Sri Lankans drink at least three cups a day. Main sport is cricket Side-dishes include pickles, chutneys and "sambols". The most famous of these is the coconut sambol There are three main styles of Sri Lankan classical dance:
The Kandyan dances of the Hill Country, known as Uda Rata Natum;
The low country dances of the southern plains, known as Pahatha Rata Natum;
Sabaragamuwa dances, or Sabaragamuwa Natum. Religions:

Buddhist 69.1%, Muslim 7.6%, Hindu 7.1%, Christian 6.2%, unspecified 10% (2001 census provisional data) Capital Formation Property Rights 40th comapred to continent lots of corruption,
hard to open bank accounts hhttp://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5249.htm
http://www.lonelyplanet.com/sri-lanka/weather Works Cited
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