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Women and Minorities in the civil war

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Esther Jeong

on 2 May 2014

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Transcript of Women and Minorities in the civil war

Results
The role of women in the Civil War drastically affected the gender in America post war. Before the Civil War women were only considered "true women" if their main and only goal was to look after solely her husband and children. But when the Civil War came around these ideals changed and "true womenhood" had a much broader definition opening up more women's rights movements such as voting rights. Finally The Civil War allowed women to work as nurses in hospitals which before, only allowed men.
Women and Minorities in the Civil War
Role of Women in the Civil War (pt.1)
Role of Women
in the Civil War(pt.2)
In the Union:
-Women were essential to the war effort and created groups in which they supplied soldiers with food,
clothing and cash (by organizing fundraising campaigns.)
-Also in June 1861 they convinced the federal government to engineer "a preventive hygienic and sanitary service for the benefit of the army" named the United States Sanitary Commission. The USSC was created to prevent diseases and infections by sterilizing bad conditions. Namely, bad cooking and nasty hygiene. The USSC also supplied 15 million dollars in supplies the vast majority provided by women.
- Almost 20,000 women worked as laundresses,cooks and matrons (ex: prison officer.)
-Nearly 3,000 served as nurses in hospital aiding dying and wounded soldiers.
In the Confederacy: Women in the Confederacy did practically
much of the same thing but with less money and resources than
their Northern counterparts.
Role of Minorities in the Civil War (pt.1)
African American:
The African Americans served both sides of Confederacy and Union.
In the Union, there were about 179,000 men serving in over 160 units (Navy and support positions)
On the Confederate side, most African Americans were still slaves, serving mostly in labor positions. By 1865, the South allowed slaves to enlist but very few actually did.
By the end of the War, 10% of the total number of soldiers were African American (20,000 were in the Navy and 40,000 died).
Role of Minorities in the Civil War (pt.2)
Women and Minorities in the Civil War
Women and minorities played an undeniably strong role in the Civil War. Each impacted the Confederate and Union greatly.
Though their positions were not recognized heroically, each and every one of their actions and support affected the results of the war.
Bibliography
-Appleby, Brinkley, Broussard, Mcpherson, and Ritchie. The American
Republic to 1877. New York, NY: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, 2003. Print.

-Coddington, Ronald S. African American Faces of the Civil War: An
Album. N.p.: Johns Hopkins UP, 2012. Print.

-Dunbar, Ashley. "Native Americans: A Study of Their Civil War
Experience." Journal of Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Research. Knowledge.e.southern, 11 Apr. 2013. Web. 27 Apr. 2014.

-Staff, History.com. "Black Civil War Soldiers." History.com. A&E
Television Networks, 2010. Web. 27 Apr. 2014.

-Tincan. "World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples."
Minority Rights Group International : United States of America : African Americans. Minorities, n.d. Web. 25 Apr. 2014.
"Women in the Civil War." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2014.
Results:
Role of Minorities in the Civil War (pt.3)
In late 1862, the Second Confiscation and Militia Act was made and it freed slaves who had slave masters in the Confederate Army so that the slaves could be enlisted into the Union army.
Fredrick Douglass encouraged African Americans to join and volunteer to ensure eventual full citizenship and his encouragement boosted recruitment.
In the Union Army, African American soldiers didn't recieve equal pay or treatment and as Prisoners of War, African Americans had harsher treatment.
In the Confederate Army, African Americans were in the slave labor force and had tend their Master's needs in camp.
On

March 13, 1865, the Confederate Army freed black slaves if they enlisted but they could only join with their master's consent.

The Native Americans played a vital role on both sides that they pledged their allegiances to. They assembled armies, participated in the battles, and guided the Union and Confederate armies on the opposite sides.
The Native Americans split and faced division among their tribes while trying to make ends meet.

After the war, Native Americans that had taken sides in the Civil War and the ones that did not, were left to struggle to exist without slavery while coping with broken promises that the Union or the Confederacy had persuaded them into joining their armies. They were left in reservations with their tribes and families and were treated like foreigners instead of the natives they were.
Even after the American Civil War, African Americans were not let calmly alone. The citizenship and freedom that they received, resulted in segregation, riots, protests, and bloodshed. The Jim Crow Laws, Ku Klux Klan, and Martin Luther King Jr., were some of the many results for the African Americans. Gradually in the end of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century, the segregation and public racism dispersed.
Bibliography Part 2
-"Women in the Civil War." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2014.

-"Louisa May Alcott." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 27 Apr. 2014. Web. 28 Apr. 2014.

-"Sarah Emma Edmonds." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 26 Apr. 2014. Web. 28 Apr.
2014.

-"Cushman, Pauline." Daily Report. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Apr. 2014.

-"Rose O'Neal Greenhow Papers at Duke." Rose O'Neal Greenhow Papers at Duke. N.p., n.d.
Web. 28 Apr. 2014.

-"History, Travel, Arts, Science, People, Places | Smithsonian." History, Travel, Arts,
Science, People, Places | Smithsonian. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Apr. 2014.
Before the Civil War women in America had one primary goal: making the home a family friendly place for her husband and children. But once the Civil War came around women were able to look outside the home enviorment and take positions in the war on both the Confederate and Union sides. Of course, they were still viewed nowhere near equal as men and therefore it was illegal for them to be soldiers. However over 400 women disguised themselves as men and enrolled anyways. Women played an even more significant role outside the battlefield as spies, primary breadwinner,nurses,volunteers,matrons,
laundresses and cooks.
Louisa May Alcott, author of Little Women, served as a nurse in The Civil War.
Sarah Emma Edmonds, a famous soldier and master of disguise, served as a soldier, nurse and spy on the Union side.
Rose O'Neal Greenhow
(Confederate)
Spies
Pauline
Cushman
(Union)

Even though there were
peaceful movement marches,
many students had contradicting
ideas that led riots on streets
Martin Luther King Jr., was one of the many great civil right movement leaders that led crowds to the perspective of African Americans in the segregation
A reunion of Cherokee Native American veterans from the American Civil (Confederate Army)

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