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JlMC 477 Hate Crimes

Media Coverage of Hate Crimes
by

Joel Geske

on 30 June 2015

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Transcript of JlMC 477 Hate Crimes

Violence Toward Members of the Transgender Community
The 2008 Hate Violence Report
from the National Coalition of
Anti-Violence Projects shows
violence against LGBT people
increased 2% from 2007 to 2008, continuing the trend of a 24% total increase in 2007. Bias-related murders were at their highest rate since 1999, with 29 known anti-LGBT murders committed in 2008.
But not
here
in the Midwest, right?
In the Midwest, reports of violence spiked more dramatically with a 64% increase in Milwaukee, a 48% increase in Minnesota and 42% in Chicago.
WHAT IS A HATE CRIME?
In law, [a hate crime is] a crime directed at a person on the basis of characteristics such as race, religion, ethnicity or sexual orientation. The concept emerged in the U.S. in the late 1970s, and since then laws have been passed in many U.S. states mandating additional penalties for violent crimes motivated by bias or bigotry against particular groups.
According to the International Transgender Day of Remembrance, there have been 221 people murdered out of anti-transgender bias in 2011 in the U.S. As murders of transgender people are often underreported, because the identity of transgender murder victims is often misreported (not identified as transgendered), we still can't cite accurate numbers.
Marcal Camero Tye

Even though the
transgendered Tye was
shot in the head in
March 2011 and possibly
dragged behind a
vehicle by a rope or
chain, Arkansas sheriff
Bobby May told the press that he didn't think the 25-year-old's murder was a hate crime.
The odds...
Odds of being struck by lightning: 576,000 to 1
Odds of being killed by lightning: 2,320,000 to 1
Odds of being murdered: 18,000 to 1

Chance of dying from self-harm: 1 in 9,380
Chance of dying from an assault: 1 in 16,421
Chance of dying from a car accident: 1 in 18,585 Chance of dying from any kind of fall: 1 in 20,666 Chance of dying from accidental drowning: 1 in 79,065 Chance of dying from exposure to fire: 1 in 81,524 Chance of dying in an explosion: 1 in 107,787
These are NOT good odds….

According to an estimate by the Human Rights Campaign, transgender Americans face a 1-in-12 chance of being murdered. Statistics from the Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network show that in schools 14.2 percent of transgender students report being physically assaulted as a result of gender expression, while 30.4 percent experienced physical harassment.
1 in 12
Prior to the changes in federal law
many states had mixed hate
crime legislation. Some still don't have any
specific provisions/penalties for hate crimes.
In 2009 (latest figures) the numbers were down slightly.
The Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act, also known as the Matthew Shepard Act, was signed into law by President Barack Obama on October 28, 2009.

Conceived as a response to the murders of Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr., the measure expands the 1969 United States federal hate-crime law to include crimes motivated by a victim's actual or perceived gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, or disability.
A nationwide study of over 9000 gay high school students, 24% of gay men reported being victimized at least 10 times per year because of their sexual orientation; 11% of homosexual women reported the same thing.

Victims often experience severe depression, a sense of helplessness, low self-esteem, and frequent suicidal thoughts. Gay youth are two to four times more likely to be threatened with a deadly weapon at school and miss more days of school than their heterosexual peers. Further, they are two to seven times more likely to attempt suicide.
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