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History of Education, Part 1
Transcript of History of Education, Part 1
Ongoing questions: Purpose of school? Who teaches? What is taught? how? who gets taught?
church, state, & schools closely connected
Massachusetts Act of 1642
Parents and masters are mandated to educate their children.
Native Americans and African Americans excluded
Education for freedom
“…above all things I hope the education of the common people will be attended to: convinced that on their good senses we may rely with the most security of the preservation of a due degree of liberty.” (1787 – letter to James Madison)
the beginning of public schools
"[A free school system] knows no distinction of rich and poor, of bond and free, or between those, who, in the imperfect light of this world, are seeking, through different avenues, to reach the gate of heaven. Without money and without price, it throws open its doors, and spreads the table of its bounty, for all the children of the State." Horace Mann, 1868
feminization of teaching
In 1909 60% of students in large cities were children of immigrants
Progressive vs. Traditional
1950s Defense Education & Desegregation
1960s War on poverty & Great Society
Engel v. Vitale 1962
Children with Specific Learning Disabilities Act, 1969
First federal mandate for special ed. support services
Samuel A. Kirk coins the term "learning disability" 1963
1970s Accountability & Equal Opportunity
Lau v. Nichols, 1974
Education for All Handicapped Children, 1975
1980s - Schools under fire
A Nation at Risk - 1983
Plyer v. Doe
1990s Ongoing Reform
2000s - standards & accountability & the Internet