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Personal Pronouns and Verb To Be
Transcript of Personal Pronouns and Verb To Be
Normally we use the verb to be to show the status or characteristics of something or someone (as a stative verb). It says what I am, what you are or what something is.
Verb To Be + a noun
He is a doctor
Verb To Be with/and an adjective
The doctor is happy
Verb To Be with a prepositional phrase
The doctor is in the hospital
They are associated primarily with a particular grammatical person – first person (as
), second person (as
), or third person (as
he, she, it
To form affirmative sentences we write a noun or personal pronoun at the beginning of the sentence, followed by the verb To Be (am, is, are) and then the complement.
it is important to follow this Pattern:
Personal Pronoun + To Be + complement
Ella es una enfermera. * She is a nurse
Yo soy un estudiante de inglés. * I am an English student.
Tú estas en Londres. * You are in London
To form negative sentences we write the word NOT after the verb to be (am, is, are).
Personal Pronoun + To Be + not + complement.
Jake is a salesman. * Jake is not a salesman.
They are in Tikal. * They are not in Tikal.
The book is in my desk. * The book is not in my desk
To form interrogative sentences we have to write the verb To Be at the beginning of the sentence and end it with a question mark. (?)
this is our interrogative pattern:
To Be + Personal Pronoun + complement + ?
She is in New York. * Is she in New York.
We are very happy. * Are we very happy?
I am a businesswoman. * Are you a businesswoma?
Was and Were
To form the past tense of the verb to be we use Was and Were instead of am, is, are.
Was Were are
I am excited. * I was excited.
The dog is in the kitcken. * The dog was in the kitchen
You are a firefighter. * You were a firefighter.
To form future sentences using the verb To Be, we substitute am, is, are for
.We have to follow the next pattern:
Personal Pronoun + Will Be + complement
I am a student. * I will be an engineer.
Jazmín is the airport. * She will be in Chicago.
They are nervous. * They will be relaxed
other uses of To Be
We can also use the verb To Be to express our name, our age, the place we are from, or how do we feel; by using interrogative words.
What is your name? - My name is Steph.
Who are you? - I am Marco.
How old are you? - I am twelve years old.
How are you? - I am very well thank you.
Where are you from? - I am from Guatemala
Where is Andre from? - He is from Colombia
we can perfectly use the verb To Be
Probably the best known verb in the world:
"To be or not to be..."
Verb To Be
Personal pronouns, particularly those of the third person, may differ depending on the grammatical gender or natural gender of their antecedent or referent. This occurs in English with the third-person singular pronouns, where (simply put) he is used when referring to a male, she to a female, and it to something inanimate or an animal of unspecific sex.
To form interrogative and negative sentences we follow the same patterns as in Simple Present
Mary was a famous singer.
Mary was not a famous singer.
Was Mary a famous singer?
is not isn't
are not aren't
am not ain't
was not wasn't
were not weren't
hello my name is Rabanito, I am thirteen years old, I am from The United States, I'm in love, and I'm student. My father is Frijolin and he is a veterinarian, he is not in the hospital, he is at home, he is thirty years old; my mom is Tortilla, she is a housewife, she is twenty-six years old, she is from Japan, now she is in the kitchen, she is exited, she is cooking a stew... Last year I was in California, my parents were not with me, they were in Guatemala with my sister. My sister and her friends are secretaries, they are not students, they aren't in USA, they are in La Antigua. In my family there is a pet, it is a dog, its name is pucho, it is two years old and it is golden, it is my best friend. Next year I will be with my sister, my mother will be ther too. my daddy won't be with us because he will be in German in a pet congress. WE ARE SO HAPPY!!!
To form negative and interrogative statements we follow the first pattern of To Be. negative form or will not is also won't.
will you be in Paris?
No, I won't be in Paris, I will be in Brazil.