Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Psychosis: UK Study Abroad Prezi

No description
by

Diamond Bennah

on 2 May 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Psychosis: UK Study Abroad Prezi

What are the Symptoms and Effects of the Three Predominant Phases of Psychosis?

By Diamond Bennah, Jessica Hai,
Jaivisha Kapadia

What is Psychosis?
Prodromal
What is it?

--The phase that
precedes
the disease; it consists of the "
gradual change
in psychosocial functioning over an
extended period of time"
.


Active Phase
What is it?

--The stage in which an individual begins to show unambiguous symptoms of psychosis, including delusions, hallucinations, disordered speech and communication, and a range of full-blown symptoms

(Davey 2008)

Definitions:

1. " 'Psychosis' is a name for a
cluster of symptoms
... The particular form of symptoms a person has may be used
to give a medical 'diagnosis' ".

(Camden and Islington NHS Foundation Trust)

2. " Its major feature is an
impairment of cognitive functioning
--particularly
perception
and
thinking
."
(Coles,1982)
Symptoms
--Reduced Concentration
--Decreased Motivation
--Depressed Mood
--Sleep Disturbance
--Anxiety
--Social withdrawal
--Suspiciousness
--Deterioration in functioning
--Withdrawal from family and friends
--Odd beliefs/magical thinking

(Yale School of Medicine, 2011)

Effects
--The phase usually spans to a
few months
, but
can last

several years

--Individuals may be distant from their surroundings/relationships

--Eventually leads to more severe psychosis.

Types of Psychotic Diseases
Schizophrenia

---
More than one psychotic episode
between a six-month period

Prodromal Symptoms

--Loss of interest in daily pursuits
--Withdrawal from family/friends
--Confused/trouble concentrating
--Apathetic
--Preoccupied with religion/philosophy

*Not to be confused with schizoid personality disorder.

(Center for Addiction and Mental Health)
(Randle, 2010)

Other Types/Forms of Psychosis
Triggers
Environmental
--Stress

--Relationship difficulties

--Sleep Deprivation

--Drug and alcohol use

--Medical condition


Genetics
--Psychosis from a family member/s can be inherited

Chemical
--Impairment of neurotransmitter dopamine

True/False
1.
People with psychosis are usually violent.

2.
People with psychotic symptoms can have schizophrenia.

3.
Psychosis can be hereditary.

4.
Women tend to develop schizophrenia during teen years/early 20', whereas men develop during late 20's.

5.
About 1 in every 200 people has a diagnosis of schizophrenia in the UK in 2013.
Early Intervention During Prodromal Phase
Two Important Elements:

Early Detection
--Identifying the symptoms of the phase.
--After the individual has shown sure signs of the illness, seek profession help

Phase-specific Treatment
--Seeking a specialist


(Marshall & Rathbone,2010)
Residual Phase
What is it?

--The stage of psychosis when the individual ceases to show prominent signs of positive symptoms (such as delusions, hallucinations or disordered speech)

(Davey, 2008)
Residual Phases Cont.
--
Complete resolution, with or without treatment:
Typical of brief reactive psychosis, and medical/substance related causes of psychosis.

--
Repeated recurrences with full recovery:
These are more typical of mood disorders with psychotic features (ex. Bipolar Disorder).

--
Repeated recurrences with a partial recovery:
In this outcome a persistent defect state develops.

--
Progressive deterioration:
typical of schizophrenia,
symptoms may alternate between positive and negative but become worse with the course of the disease.

Remission
--Long term studies have shown that
28%
suffered
will remit after one or more active stage

--
22%
will
continue to show positive symptoms
over the long term

--
50%
will
alternate between active and residual stages

(Wiersma, NienHuis, Slooff & Giel, 1998)

Relapse
--Stressful life events or return to a stressful family environment after a period of hospitalization or care

--Non-adherence to medication


Non-Adherence
*Factors that add to individuals not complying are usually due to:

--Poor insight
--Negative attitudes to medication
--A history of non-adherence
--Substance abuse
--Inadequate discharge
--Poor therapeutic relationships between
patient and service providers

Predictors of Outcome
Delusions
--Firmly held but erroneous beliefs that usually involve a misinterpretation of perceptions or experiences

Types of Delusions
Delusions of persecution

--Individual believes he/she is being spied upon or in danger (conspiracy theories)

Delusions of grandeur
--Believes he or she is famous or has power


Delusions of control
--His/her thoughts are being controlled by external forces


Delusions of reference
--Independent external events are making specific references to him/her


Nihilistic delusions
--Some part of themselves or the world ceased to exist

Hallucinations
--A sensory experience in which a person can see, hear, smell, taste, or feel something that isn't there.

A Depiction of Psychosis
Mini-Quiz
--What kind of delusion makes the person believe that they might be dead?

--Around 70% of those who show first signs of psychotic symptoms have experienced stressful life events in the previous:

A) 4 days
B) 6 weeks
C) 3 weeks
D) 30 days

References
Treatments
-- Medicine (antipsychotic)
-- Social skills training
-- Cognitive behavior therapy

-- Community care

--Drug-Induced Psychosis

--Brief Reactive Psychosis

--Organic Psychosis

--Depression

--Bipolar Disorder

--Schizoaffective Disorder

(Camden and Islington NHS Foundation Trust)

Camden and Islington NHS Foundation Trust. (n.d.).Types of Psychosis. Retrieved from http://www.candi.nhs.uk/eis/about-psychosis/
types-of-psychosis/

Center for Addiction and Mental Health. (n.d.). What is Schizophrenia. Retrieved from http://www.camh.ca/en/hospital/
health_information/a_z_mental_health_and_addiction_information/schizophrenia/schizophrenia_information_guide/Pages/schizophrenia_whatis.aspx

Coles, E.M.(1982). Diagnostic Classifications. In M. Coltheart (Ed.), Clinical Psychopathology: An Introduction (pp. 24-49). London,
Great Britain: Hart noll Print Ltd.

Davey, G. (2008). Psychopathology: Research, assessment and treatment in clinical psychology. (pp. 207-254). Chichester: Blackwell
Publishing.

Early Psychosis Prevention and Intervention Centre. (n.d.). Phases of Psychosis. Retrieved from http://eppic.org.au/phases-psychosis

Marshall, M. & Rathbone, J. (2010). Early Intervention for Psychosis (Review).The Cochrane Library, 3, 1-87. http://
onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD004718.pub2/pdf

Mental Healthcare. (2013). Schizophrenia. Retrieved from http://www.mentalhealthcare.org.uk/schizophrenia

Randle, K. (2010). What Is the Difference Between Psychosis and Schizophrenia?. Psych Central. Retrieved on August 5, 2013, from
http://psychcentral.com/ask-the-therapist/2010/06/02/what-is-the-difference-between-psychosis-and-schizophrenia/

Yale School of Medicine. (2011). Phases of Psychosis. Retrieved from http://psychiatry.yale.edu/step/psychosis/phasis.aspx

Wiersma, D., Nienhuis, F.J., Slooff,
C.J., & Giel, R. (1998). Natural course of schizophrenic disorders: A 15- year follow-up of a Dutch incidence cohort. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 24(1), 75-85.
Full transcript