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Immigration

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by

Melannie Zapanta

on 20 November 2014

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Transcript of Immigration

Immigration
By: Melannie Zapanta, Isabella Curtis, Kim Sweeney, and Tristan De Perio
History of Immigration
Government impact historically
National Level:
• Regulated at federal level in Immigration and Nationality Act (INA)
• Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) denying welfare benefits to undocumented immigrants.
• U.S Congress has control over immigration regulations and the White House enforces immigration laws.
State Level:
• States have the power to create their own laws and regulations on immigration.
• States are challenged through litigation by immigrants’ rights and civil liberties groups or by the federal government.

Government involvement today
Financial Impact
Democrats views
Our opinion
Sources
Why migrate?

http://www.history.com/topics/u-s-immigration-before-1965
http://www.globalization101.org/push-factors/
immigration.findlaw.com
ontheissues.org/celeb/republican_party_immigration
republicanviews.org
americanprogress.org/issues/immigration
http://immigration.findlaw.com/immigration-laws-and-resources/federal-vs-state-immigration
http://www.democrats.org/issues/immigration_reform
http://www.ontheissues.org/celeb/democratic_party_immigration.htm
http://cis.org/node/4573
THE COLONIAL ERA
Pilgrims and Puritans searching for religious freedom
Massachusetts
Followed by black slaves
MID 19TH CENTURY
1/3 Ireland moved because of famine
5 million germans
CA gold rush lured Chinese (25,000)
EUROPEAN IMMIGRATION: 1880-1920
20 million
60,000 were italians
2 million were Jews from eastern Europe

PUSH-PULL factors
Poverty
Armed conflict
Social Strife
Political turmoil
Republican views
Global impact
Immigration spurs for cultural diversity in the United States
However negative aspects, such as the financial cost of welfare benefits, from immigration out weighs the positives
Illegal immigration is overcrowding our job market and schools
immigrant workers shouldn't be exploited for cheap labor
State Role- States have laws that create rules for state activities related to immigration
U.S congress has control over all immigration laws, while the White House enforces them.
Republican House supports reforming the immigration system to ensure that it is legal, safe, orderly, and humane.
-They wanted to address the needs of
the National Security
Allows: Identification of identity, cameras, border patrol agents (all increased at the borders)
- They did not want illegal immigrants to have the same benefits as citizens
-Republicans vote against Obama's immigration relief policy.
Court Cases:
Gonzales Bordonave vs Holder
Andrews vs United States
Attorney General


-U.S federal government has always
been active in the immigrations policy.
-State and Local governments made
legislation relating to immigration
*It was more difficult for immigrants
to work and live their lives.
Where do immigrants migrate to ?
Want Federal Government to take responsibility to secure our borders.
Obama administration has made resources to secure borders and reduce the illegal flow of traffic.
Undocumented workers who are in good standing must admit that they broke the law, pay taxes and a penalty, learn English, and get right with the law before they can get in line to earn their citizenship.
Protect Immigrants from any exploitation of their employers.
Want to open borders and believe the U.S should give aid and citizenship to any person from any country.
Top 5 states (2012)
1. California: 10.3 Million
2. New York: 4.4 Million
3.Texas: 4.3 Million
4.Florida: 3.7 Million
5.New Jersey: 1.3 Million
Pros:
Technology made immigration easier (families can stay in contact)
Makes the world more culturally diverse
Stronger connections between countries
Expands economy
Cons:
Increase of human trafficking and illegal drug importations
Drains economy: tax payers support billions for medical care for illegal immigrants
Size of Economy
Wages and Employment
Welfare & Social Programs
Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) of 1986
- Denied welfare benefits to undocumented immigrants and strengthened sanctions against employers who hire them
Arizona passed
anti immigrant bill (2010)
- which made it a crime to be without legal status and allowed police to check immigration status of anyone who were "suspicious".
Size of Economy
Studies show that illegal immigrant labor increases GDP, however 97.8% of this increase is only going towards immigrants themselves
cheap immigrant labor reduces prices for goods, production, and services
immigrant and illegal immigrant families spend what they make, thus aiding circulation in economy, however this benefit is marginal compared to the amount the gov. spends on social programs for these families
Wages and
Employment
Welfare & Social Programs
due to competition, immigrant labor reduces native wages for low skill jobs by about 3-8%
reduces job pool for low skilled, uneducated, young, and minority Americans
"They do the jobs Americans don't want to do"
only 6 out of 472 civilian occupations are majority-immigrant
multiple studies have shown that illegal immigration reduces the employment of less-educated black men and increases crime and incarceration amoung that population
most illegal and immigrant workers recieve payment in cash and therefore do not pay income taxes
education
,
health care
,
food assistance programs
, and
welfare
are all types of benefits distributed by the government
the government pays a total of $28,000 on the average illegal immigrant household since new welfare programs were put in place during 2012 along with the passing of Obamacare
Government impact historically
Immigration
What: The movement of population from one place to another.
Types:
-forced
-voluntary
-permanent and temporary,
-International and regional.
Full transcript