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The Philippine Government

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Juhainah Turqueza

on 7 October 2015

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Transcript of The Philippine Government

The Philippine Government
The Republic of the Philippines
The Philippines is an example of a democratic state. The government people are citizens of the state who run for election and gain a government position through majority voting.
The Congress which consist the
2 chambers
(House of Representatives and the Senate) which has the power to enact, amend and repeal laws. Dubbed as the
lawmaking body of the government
.
EXECUTIVE BRANCH
LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
This branch is comprised of the President, the cabinet members who are appointed for a particular department.
JUDICIAL BRANCH
The Judicial power is vested upon the Supreme Court. They are assigned to interpret the laws and have the authority to impose punishments.
The Republic of the Philippines has
three branches
- Legislative, Executive, Judicial
Each branch has its own function.
However,
they have equal powers
which is monitored through
Checks and Balances
.
but wait.. Why do we have laws?
Get a sheet of paper. Write your name and section. On one side of the paper, draw a world that has laws. On the other side, draw a world that has no laws.
Importance of Laws
- it sets the norm in a society which helps avoid undesirable things: crimes
- ensures that human rights are respected
- limits the freedom of the people
Where do the laws come from?
hint: it is a document
Constitution
In the Philippines, the government follows
the 1987 Constitution
. It is the highest law of the land. This is the
set of principles
that will make a perfect union among people. This serves as a
guide for the government
in ruling the state.
How does a Bill become a Law?
Bill - a proposed law
Law - a nationally accepted rule
1. PROPOSE
A Senator / House representative introduces a bill in the Congress.
2. COMMITTEE
A committee will be assigned to analyze the bill to see if it is passable or not.
3. 1st DEBATE
The committee will analyze the bill and recommend changes if needed.
4. REPORT
The committee will make a report explaining why they support / not support the bill. The report will be returned to the chamber who passed the bill.
5. 2nd DEBATE
The chamber will have a debate whether to pass the law or not by considering the analysis made by the committee. They will vote if it is a yes or a no.
6. FORWARD
The chamber will forward the bill the other chamber.
7. 3rd DEBATE
The chamber will have a debate whether to pass the law or not by considering the analysis made by the committee. They will vote if it is a yes or a no.
8. PRESIDENT
The president will analyze the bill together with the changes that the 2 chambers did.
9. APPROVE
The president signs the bill into a law. The new law will be distributed to different local governments for its implementation.
The processing of the bill will stop.
The processing of the bill will stop.
The president
vetoes
the bill and shall be changed only if
2/3
of the congress voted yes.
LAWS
- national in scope
- permanent in character
ORDINANCES
- permanent in character
- local in scope
RESOLUTIONS
- national or local in scope
- temporary in character
Identify whether the ff. is a Law, Ordinance or Regulation
1. All Filipinos should stand in attention if the Philippine National Anthem is played.
2. Vote buying and vote selling are prohibited during campaign periods.
3. Changing Brgy. Magnolia into Brgy. Manaoag in honor of the Christian Icon.
4. All cars should have registered plate numbers.
5. Granting scholarship to Valedictorians in the city of Manila.
Law, Ordinance or Regulation?
6. Carrying of firearms/ deadly weapons during barangay elections is strictly prohibited.
7. Prohibition of the use of plastic bags in the city of Las Pinas
8. All Fillipinos to observe Edsa Revolution Holiday on the 23rd of September every year.
9. Annual celbration of the Sinulog Festivel in Cebu.
10. Ballot boxes should be opened one at a time.
Each cabinet member or Department Head is handpicked by the President. These people will serve as his advisers in matters that concern the government.
Did you know..
Department of Education
This is the department responsible for monitoring school systems in the Philippines.
Department of Transportation and Communication
provides effective and efficient transportation and communication systems that would connect the country; its people to the rest of the world
Department of Tourism
has the responsibility to encourage, promote and develop tourism as an economic activity
Department of Interior
and Local Government
promotes peace and order, ensure public safety and strengthen local government units
Department of Health
provides basic public health to all the Filipinos: goods and medical mission
Department of Social Welfare & Development
helps in social protection and poverty reduction for the poor, vulnerable and the disadvantaged
Department of Foreign Affairs
helps in projecting the Filipino culture to the world
protect the rights of the Filipinos overseas
assigned to issue passports
Department of Environment and Natural Resources
responsible for environment management and pollution control
implement rules in using the forest, wildlife and natural resources
Department of Public Works and Highways
responsible for the design, construction and maintenance of national roads, bridges and flood control systems
Department of Trade and Industry
makes sure that the exchange of goods in the country are efficient and goods are globally competitive
Full transcript