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Transcript of Mesopotamia
EXPORTS: wheat, barley, dates, flax, and other essential crops. Fish and fowl flourished in the marshes where stands of tall reeds were harvested for housing materials, mats, and even the styli used for writing. Fast growing trees offered wood for windows and roofing. And the most abundant material of all, mud and clay, was used to make bricks and pottery, both fundamental for ancient urban life. Even a poor quality limestone They settled on the edges of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Unlike early settlers such as Egypt, Mesopotamia was characterized by frequent wars and it was characterized by the changes in the empires land. Just like Egypt, Mesopotamia built an Empire with sturdy walls that were layered with sand, dirt and, rocks. The Land Between Two Rivers! They Also Had Farmers.... The farmers had to go through many difficulties, Including... This Left the Farmers Worried... So They decided To... The people of Mesopotamia spoke Arabic! And they wrote in cuneiform! The Mesopotamian men were either completely bald everywhere or had a beard and a lot of hair. Women had long haired that was braided and wrapped around their heads. They would wear headdresses or Hijabs on their heads on the arrival of guests! Mesopotamian people ate... Cow milk, meat, apples, pears, grapes, figs, quinces, plums, apricots, mulberries, melons, and pomegranates, pistachios, Cakes were made of butter cheese flour raisins and dates. Normal people ate 2 meals a day, and rich people ate as much as they wanted! Mesopotamia had a military. It was crucial for Mesopotamia to have a military because they were wealthy and popular. THE KING RULED OVER THE MILITARY BECAUSE HE WAS THE HIGHEST POSITION IN THE ENTIRE EMPIRE! Kings ruled the people. Elected officials who served in the Assembly also ruled the people. However,even kings had to ask the Assembly for permission to do certain things. An assembly was a group of people who helped the king make decisions. They also recorded the taxes that the people gave. People had to pay taxes by delivering a cow or sheep to the authorities. Merchants transporting goods from one region to another were subject to tolls, duty fees, and other taxes.To avoid as ,any of these as possible, they frequently resorted to smuggling. Smuggling is sneaking things to places you can't. Almost everything was Taxed- Livestock, boats, trade, fishing, even funerals, so based on what was being taxed, they would charge. The trade was taxed by the supplies they trade and for what they trade it for. Wheat, barley, dates, flax, and other essential crops, fish and fowl were some of the things the Mesopotamian people traded. However, they didn't only trade, they also exported and imported goods! Many thousands of years ago, early settlers wandered into the land between two rivers. Natural vegetation and wildlife kept the people well fed. The rivers provided fresh drinking water, and a place to bathe. Mesopotamia had some ups and downs inn their history... On example of a down is... THE POISONING OF FIELDS! This was bad because The water from the irrigation route water the crops and the farmers just let the sun would evaporate all the water. This caused a problem because after the water evaporated, it would leave behind mineral salts! 2300 BC Another event that caused Mesopotamia to fall is... Over population that caused pollution! 3000 BC- ? In Ancient Mesopotamia pollution was not common. Little that they know, pollution was still happening whenever the wood burns things, melted specific metals and minerals! This caused the empire to fall because pollution causes asthma, nasal and lung problems, and even lung, heart and kidneys problems. That is why pollution would cause an empire to fall. One of the "Ups" Mesopotamia has have is... THE SARGON OF AKKAD! 2350-2330 BC Sargon’s military strategy and ability to organize plans and attacks caused the empire to be strong in military strategy. We also learned that having good military strategy meant that an empire would for one, gain a ton of land and money. Secondly trade in even more places, and make alliances. The last example of what caused Mesopotamia to rise is... AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT! 7000 BC Agriculture is very important for an empire to rise because Agriculture is when people farm, and raise cattle, goats, sheep, etc.This was the only way Mesopotamian people gained the food and Money they need to survive! AS YOU CAN SEE, ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA WAS FULL OF INTERESTING HISTORY!