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Transcript of Folklore
Epics, Ballads, and Legends
: lengthy hero tales like the Iliad and the Odyssey as well as Beowulf
: hero stories in poetic form sometimes performed in song
: firm heroes throughout history as well as characters in tall tales and realistic folktales
Stories that have originated orally and no one knows who first told each tale and which version is the original. We often associate folklore with a "collector" or "reteller" such as Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm, the Brothers Grimm. Some other collectors would be Charles Perrault, Joseph Jacobs, Peter Asbjornsen, and Jorgen Moe.
The 6 different types of Folklore
Epics, Ballads, and Legends
Brief stories meant to teach a lesson that conclude with a moral
Popular writers of fables include Aesop, Jean de La Fontaine, John Bierhorst
By: Kaitlyn Metheny, Kat Treweeke, Jesse Cunningham, Alena Gilmore
Look at your Books and tell us your impression of the book. Would you use it in your classroom?
Frightening for Young Children
Waste of Time
Religious stories are tales derived from currently practiced faiths, such as stories from the sacred writings of Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, and so on.
Old Testament stories, parables, legends, and apocryphal tales.
Notable authors: Ruth Robbin, Tomie dePaola, Jamake Highwater, and Gerald McDermott.
Baboushka and the Three Kings
, Tomie dePaola
The Birds of Bethlehem.
Folk tales are most traditional stories or stories of the people. These stories are the most general and universal in nature. There are 7 types of folk tales.
What makes Folklore Different?
Folklore is peculiar in that the characters don't have to be well developed. For example, how well do we know Cinderella? What does she look like? How does she feel about her new stepsisters? Does she like cleaning?
Characters in Folktales are symbolic of human traits such as good and evil, and tell stories of human experiences such as love, fear, jealousy, greed, etc.
Plots are also simple and direct.
There are also typical themes throughout Folklore stories of punishment of evil, rewards of mercy, perseverance, and the power of love.
Psychological fantasy- the inability of the mind to distinguish what is real.
Children who read stories that contain unrealistic elements- animals that talk, magical events, time travel-are actually less at risk of losing touch with the realities of daily life.
Violent acts in some traditional tales will lead to violence in young children.
Studies by psychologists showed that children with rich fantasy lives respond to aggressive films with a significant decrease in aggressive behavior, while low-fantasy children showed a tendency toward increased aggression.
Some people consider folktales as a waste of time.
Some adults bypass them in favor of "more substantial" stories and books about the real world.
No genre of literature better fosters creativity than fantasy.
Many adults worry that some of the traditional tales will frighten children, causing nightmares and other sorts of distress.
Story elements, such as wicked witches and dragons are unreal and prove less frightening than realistic stories of danger that focus on real-life fears.
Fairy and folktales provide children a message of hope.
Noodlehead or Numbskull tales
These stories are "added upon" as the telling unfolds. Usually, the story is told up until a key point in the story, and begun again at the beginning with a new segment. These stories continuously expand.
An example would be " There was an Old Lady Who Swallowed a Fly" by Simmo Tiback.
Pourquoi mean "why" in French. These folk tales answer questions or give explanations for the way things are, particularly in nature.
An example would be "Why Mosquito's Buzz in People's Ears" as retold by Verna Aardema
These folk tales are stories with animals that represent humans as the main characters.
An example would be "The Three Little Pigs".
Noodlehead or Numbskull Tales
This folk tale features a character who outsmarts everyone else in the story. In some stories the trickster is wise and helpful while in others he is sly and mischievous.
An example would be "The Tales of Uncle Remus: The Adventures of Brer Rabbit" by Julius Lester
These folk tales are typically humorous and center on escapades of characters who are not too bright. Sometimes the character make really silly mistakes and make huge messes of things.
An example would be "Epaminondas" retold by Eve Merriam.
These tales base their stories in an actual historical event or feature an actual figure from history. Typically there are no elements of fantasy in these stories.
An example would be "Dick Whittington and his Cat" by Marcia Brown
A fairytale is also known as a Wonder tale and is based off of magic. We often see talking animals, witches, magical objects, and fairy godmothers.
Some examples include "Snow White", "Cinderella", "Sleeping Beauty", and "Aladdin and his wonderful lamp".
"Snow-White and the Seven Dwarves" by the Grimm Brothers is a beautiful rendition of the classic fairy tale.
The Grimm Brothers
"Mirror, mirror on the wall, Who is the fairest of us all?" repeatedly asks the Queen, Snow White's stepmother. She always gets the answer she wants, until Snow White turns seven, and the mirror must truthfully answer, "Snow White."
The Grimm Brothers are one of the most well known collectors and retellers in history. Their first collection of folktales was published in 1812. The tales are available in more than 100 translations and have been adapted by filmmakers including Walt Disney.
"One morning a mosquito saw an iguana drinking at a water hole. The mosquito said, "iguana, you will never believe what I saw yeaterday." "Try me, said the iguana. The mosquito said, "I saw a farmer digging yams that were almost as big as I am." "What's a mosquito compared to a yam?" snapped the iguana grumpily. "I would rather be deaf than listen to such nonsense!" Then he stuck two sticks in his ears and went off, mek, mek, mek, mek, through the reeds."
Verna always knew she wanted to be a writer from the age of 11. She graduated from Michigan State University and then taught grade school from her home.Why Mosquitoes Buzz in People's Ears was her most popular book and received the Caldecott Award in 1976.
grew out of people needing an explanation of our existence and the world
recount the creation of the world and tell of the gods and goddesses who control the fate of humans
also focus on heroic quests and heavenly beings
"Others remembered that a rattlesnake had attacked his foot. Fortunately, Johnny's feet were as tough as elephant's hide, so the fangs didn't penetrate" p.26
Narrative that depicts the wild adventures of extravagantly exaggerated folk heroes
Some examples include John Henry, Paul Bunyan and Johnny Appleseed
"Once John Found his rhythm, his hammer heads glowed burning red. A few even melted right off their handles. When John remembered, he cooled off his hammers in a lake or stream. Sometime the steam rose so high people feared a volcano had erupted." p. 24
The Hare and the Tortoise
"The Hare ran as fast as he could but it was no use-the tortoise had won the race! All the animals gathered round the tortoise while he told how, in his slow and steady way, he had won the race from the quick and careless hare." p. 28-29
The Frogs at the Rainbow's End from Fables
""I have been told," said the third Frog, "there is a cave filled with gold and diamonds and pears at that place." ...A snake lived inside. He was hungry and had been thinking about his supper. He swallowed the three frogs in one quick gulp.
The highest hopes may lead to the greatest disappointments.
Every culture has their own myths, but Greek is what we know best
Gerald McDermott retells an Aztec myth on how music and color came into the world called Musicians of the Sun
"Lord of the night had a magic mirror. It was his third eye. In it he could see all Earth. 'The world is gray and joyless,' he said." (pg. 5)
International myths are less common, but author Ronne Randall retells stories from all different cultures in The Children's Book of Myths and Legends: Extraordinary Stories from Around the World as well as Virginia Hamilton with
In the Beginning: Creation stories from around the World
"In the beginning, there was light. It never dimmed, this light over everything. It was bright all-light everywhere, and there was no rest from it" (Chapter 2, pg. 9.)
Epics, Ballads, and Legends
Frog went a courtin'
retold by John Langstaff is an example of a ballad which has been sung and told to children for generations
which has been retold by Anne Malcolmson in song is a character from ballad and legend
Aardema, V. (1975). Why mosquitoes buzz in people's ears. New York, NY: Dial books for Young Readers.
DePaola, T. (1934). The birds of bethlehem. New York: Nancy Paulsen Books.
Grimm, J. (2010). Snow white. New York, NY: Sterling Publishing Co.
Hamilton, V., & Moser, B. (1988). In the beginning: Creation stories from around the world. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
Keats, E. J. (1965). John Henry, an American Legend. New York: Pantheon Books.
Kellogg, S. (1988). Johnny Appleseed: A Tall Tale. New York: Morrow Junior Books.
Kraus, R. (1994). Fables Aesop Never Wrote. New York, N.Y., U.S.A.: Viking.
Krensky, S. (2007). John Henry. Minneapolis, MN: Millbrook Press.
Lobel, A., & Alexanian, K. (1980). Fables. New York: Harper & Row, Publishers.
Malcolmson, A., Castagnetta, G. (2000). Robin Hood. HMH Books for Young Readers; Reissue edition.
Robbins, R. (1960). Baboushka and the three kings. San Francisco: Parnassus Press.
Taback, S. (1997). There was an old lady who swallowed a fly. New York, NY: The Penguin Group.
Wildsmith, B. (20071999). The Hare and the Tortoise. Oxford: Oxford University Press.