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Piaget vs. Vygotsky

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Valerie Jones

on 20 June 2013

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Transcript of Piaget vs. Vygotsky

Age Ranges Within the Study
Piaget Vygotsky
Birth to Adulthood Birth to Adulthood
Broken up into sections: Broken up into sections:
0-2 years Ages 1,3,7,13,17 are
Talking age-7 considered periods of
First grade-11 years old "crisis" ("Vygotsky's
12-adulthood (Woolfolk, 2012) Theory of Child
Development")
Continuous or Discontinuous?
Piaget Vygotsky
Discontinuous- Continuous-
children can go through Children go through stage
stages that are much different that are more gradual
from each other (Woolfolk, 2012) (Woolfolk,2012)

Nature vs. Nurture
Piaget Vygostsky
Nature: Nurture:
Humans are born and then develop Humans are born and then develop
over time and stages. All changes occur with the help of the environment
internally and individually and experiences they have

(Woolfolk, 2012)
Individual Differences
Piaget Vygotsky
Both believed in individual differences

Believed that children discover this Believed children's differences
themselves and at their own pace were made by their environment
(Woolfolk, 2012)
What Stimulates Cognitive Development?
Piaget Vygotsky
Maturation and experimentation Environment and relationships
cause the child to begin and cause the child to begin and progress
progress through the stages through the stages
(Woolfolk, 2012)

Universal or No?
Piaget
Believed every child followed his model no matter what culture. There were no outside influences only internal.

Vygotsky
Believed every child would experience each stage differently according to the influences of his/her culture

(Woolfolk, 2012)


Investigative Methods
Piaget
Intelligence tests and open ended conversations with subjects- "clinical method"
("Jean Piaget", 2013)



Vygotsky
Studied a child's speech, and the role of society in a child's development through
observation ("L.S. Vygotsky", 2013)

Terminology
Piaget: Vygotsky:


Equilibrium Scaffolding
Adaptation Zones of Proximal Development
Schemes Sociocultural theory
Accommodation Private Speech
Assimilation
Sensori-motor stage
Semiotic function
Pre-operational stage
Egocentrism
Concrete Operational Stage
Seriation ,
Compensation
Decentering
Adolescent egocentrism (Woolfolk, 2012)
Piaget
Used numbers from intelligence tests and answers from the open ended conversations to build the development model.


Vygotsky
Used observation and then built his theories.

(Woolfolk, 2012)
Data Collection
References
Jean Piaget. (2013). Retrieved from http://psychology.jrank.org/pages/493/Jean-Piaget.html

L.s.vygotsky. In (2013). Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/633571/L-S-Vygotsky

Vygotsk'ys theory of child development. (2013 ). Retrieved from http://www.ethicalpolitics.org/wits/vygotsky-development.pdf

Woolfolk, A. (2012). Educational psychology. (12 ed.). Pearson.
Full transcript