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Transcript of 323-Trade-Environment Debate
Expanded trade = increased pollution
1989 Bush announcement of NAFTA
1991 GATT "dolphin/tuna" case
1992 "sustainable development" @ Rio
1998 "shrimp/turtle" case
1999 Battle in Seattle
2001 Doha Declaration
Triggering Events in the Trade-Enviro Debate
The Debate over Trade
& the Environment
Photo credits: 'horizon' by pierreyves @ flickr
Shannon Gibson, Ph.D.
University of Southern California
Reduction of state sovereignty
"Ratcheting up" vs.
"Race to the bottom"
Restricts countries from using sanctions
against those not abiding to MEAS
The Free Trade Response
liberalization and environmental protection geared at promoting efficiency and reducing waste
with increased economic growth countries move into service industry and post-material values
"parallel track" environmental negotiations
Environmental Side Agreement
environment advisors now included in trade discussions
environmental reviews to be done prior to future free trade agreements
Has served as model for other bilateral trade agreements
GATT/WTO & the Environment
Commodity or Supply Chains
TRIPs and GMOs
The Economic Divergence
The Political Divergence in the WTO