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323-Trade-Environment Debate

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by

Shannon Gibson

on 20 September 2016

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Transcript of 323-Trade-Environment Debate

Here is something small...
Expanded trade = increased pollution
1989 Bush announcement of NAFTA
1991 GATT "dolphin/tuna" case
1992 "sustainable development" @ Rio
1998 "shrimp/turtle" case
1999 Battle in Seattle
2001 Doha Declaration
Key Concerns
Triggering Events in the Trade-Enviro Debate
The Debate over Trade
& the Environment

An Example:
30
Photo credits: 'horizon' by pierreyves @ flickr
So...
Shannon Gibson, Ph.D.
University of Southern California
Reduction of state sovereignty
"Ratcheting up" vs.
"Race to the bottom"
Restricts countries from using sanctions
against those not abiding to MEAS
The Free Trade Response
liberalization and environmental protection geared at promoting efficiency and reducing waste
with increased economic growth countries move into service industry and post-material values
Greening NAFTA
"parallel track" environmental negotiations
Environmental Side Agreement
environment advisors now included in trade discussions
environmental reviews to be done prior to future free trade agreements
Has served as model for other bilateral trade agreements
GATT/WTO & the Environment
Standardized Eco-labeling
Commodity or Supply Chains
TRIPs and GMOs
The Economic Divergence
The Political Divergence in the WTO
European Union
United States
Developing Countries
Full transcript