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Theorist Erikson

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on 3 December 2013

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Transcript of Theorist Erikson

Theorist Erikson
Erikson studied in culture, environment, and social influences to understand more in how the mind worked and developed theories. He also learned more about how the a person's personality develops over a life span.
Erik Erikson was born in Frankfurt, Germany to a young Jweish mother. He was raised by his single mother until she married Dr. Theodor Homberger. Erkison found out later in life that Dr. Homberger was not his biological father.
Erik Erikson
Because of not knowing who his biological father was Erikson felt very confused. He felt like he did not belong anywhere and felt a loss of identity.
Erikson's loss of who he was played a part in studying psychoanalysis and going to therapy to find out who he really was and his self-awareness.
Erikson's Later Life
Gandhi's Truth was a book written by Erikson, this book talks about how Gandhi was able to take position in leading the people of India not only politically but spiritually in a non-violate manner. This book was awarded the Pulitzer Prize and a national Book Award.
Gandhi's Truth
Observing Children
His studies in children help researches understand more about a child's mind but Erikson's studies also help teachers everyday learn how to help and teach children. Erikson said "You see a child play, and it is so close to seeing an artist paint, for in a play a child says things without uttering a word. You can see how he solves problems. You can also see what's wrong. Young children, especially, have enormous creativity, and whatever's in them rises to the surface in free play."
In Erikson's theory he show how social interaction and social acceptance impacts a person thru stages in their life span.
Personality in psychology
This theory is developed around what is called ego identity. This is the "conscious sense of self that a person develops through social interaction." Erikson thought that our ego identity constantly changed because of the everyday things we dealt with in life.
Psychosocial Stage Theory
Ego Strength and Ego Quality
Ego strength and ego quality are what Erikson described as a person in the stage that they succeed in. If a person did not handle a stage well or didnt succeed in it, then the person felt inadequacy.
For a stage to happen Erikson's believed that a person must have some sort of conflict with themselves. This conflict will a help a person either develop the appropriate way or not be able to succeed in the development.
Psychosocial Stages
Erikson's eight stages of psychosocial theory is important for every teacher because it helps a teacher understand where a child is in maturity and also what a child needs in the classroom from a teacher.
What does this have to do with the classroom?
Erikson and The Classroom
Teacher's learn a lot about their students through out the school year. Children spend most of their time in school with you as their teacher. So what are you suppose to do to help them?

Students will go thru some type of stage with a teacher. Erikson tells us that a child is impacted by their social surroundings and that determines whether a child succeeds and fails. As a teacher we should all encourage each child in the classroom and show that a child belongs in our classroom.
In a Classroom
Most teachers will see Stage 4 which is Industry vs. Inferiority. In this stage students learn to have a sense of pride in what they do. This is where teachers step in to help flourish that pride. If a child is encouraged more a child has a feeling of belief in themselves; if not encouraged then a child is thought to have doubt in their abilites
Stages of Psychosocial Theory
Students in adolescence will face this and it is such a critical stage. This is where a student needs to have a strong since of who they are and what they believe in. A teacher should nurture a students strength but also help a student with their weaknesses.
Stage 5: Identity vs. Confusion
As a teacher we are suppose to see our students succeed. In each stage a student most feel the accomplishment of one stage to be able to be successful in the next stage. As a teacher we will see that not all students get the encouragement or belonging they need from home. We are to step in to help them be successful!
Why is this important in Education?
Where We Are Today
No student will always be 100% in trust or 100% in doubt with themselves, but when a student has the proper encouragement they are able to believe in themselves and have hope. Because of the encouragement from a parent, teacher, peer, or family member is the reason that we are where we are today; because someone showed us where we belonged and encouraged us to be who we are today!
The End
Presentation by: Madison Inman
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