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Nail Polish: Product Life Cycle
Transcript of Nail Polish: Product Life Cycle
Nitrocellulose, cotton fibers, plasticizers and color pigments are the main ingredients in nail enamel. Looking further, nitrocellulose is made up from nitric acid, cotton fibers from cotton trees, plasticizers from polyvinyl chloride and finally, the color pigment from carbon, especially for black nail polish. These items are found all over the world, but China is the main exporter for nitric acid and carbon, Korea for polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and Argentina for cotton trees.
For the bottle component, the main ingredient is glass. It is manufactured in China from the process of heating sand up and shaping it to make a bottle shape. This is all done in a factory and shipped worldwide.
The brush in a nail polish bottle is manufactured in China as well. The main material used is polyethylene which is a plastic. It is also produced in a factory.
As China is the leading exporter for carbon, the coat of paint around the bottle is also made of carbon. This coat is therefore formed in China, from carbon in a factory. PRODUCT Liquid enamel is manufactured in factories through a process of mixing chemicals together to form a nail polish. The nitrocellulose, which is a highly flammable chemical, is mixed with the microscopic cotton fibers. Then the plasticizers are added to the mixture along with the color pigment – which is then mixed to the concentration wanted. This is done all over the world, although a leading manufacturer is in China.
The bottle is formed in a factory by using high temperatures to melt sand. The melted sand is then formed into the shape of a bottle and then sold, in China.
The brush is made by also, using high temperatures to melt the polyethylene. Then, the polyethylene is put through a mold and comes out in the shape of long thin strands. This is also manufactured in China.
The paint coat around the bottle is made from carbon and is in the form of liquid ink. Then the ink is plastered on to the bottle through a large machine, stamping the brand on to the bottle. Since the production of the bottle and brush is in China, the ink is also made in China. DISTRIBUTION The materials in the liquid enamel are found in China, India and Korea. The compilation of the enamel is done in a factory in Fu Jian, China, therefore the materials in Kolkata, India (cotton fibers) and South Korea (PVC) must be transported to the factory in Fu Jian. They are both transported via cargo ship, and transferred by truck to be dropped off at the factory for manufacture. The nitrocellulose and carbon is found in the south of China, therefore the products are transported via truck to the factory.
The sand is found in Shandong, China. It is transported by truck to the glass factory then processed. In a bottle format, it is transported once again, in card board boxes by truck to the factory which stamps ink on to the bottle.
The brush manufacturer is in Zhe Jiang, China. The plastic is driven by truck from extraction point to the factory and then it is processed. The processed nail polish bottle brush is then transported by truck to the compilation factory in Fu Jian.
From the compilation process, the components come out processed in a final nail polish bottle, ready for sales. The nail polish is transported from the factory by truck to the port (in card board boxes), where it is transferred on to the cargo ship. From the cargo ship, the product is transported to ports in the West Coast where it is distributed by truck to various retail stores all over the country by truck, such as the Port of Oakland.
The disposal of the product depends on the consumer, as some consumers may re-use the bottle once the enamel is finished; whereas other consumers may simply throw the bottle in to the bins for the disposal. If that were the case, then by truck, the nail polish bottle would be transported via trash collection trucks to be sorted and re-cycled or burned. CONSUMPTION The consumer of nail polish is usually females and business owners. The target audience for nail polish would be a female as it is (usually) a female directed product because the majority of consumers are females. Businesses such as nail salons or beauty salons may be a large consumer for nail polish as it is an essential towards their business, which is, directed (usually) towards females. Males also are consumers for nail polish, although there is a higher amount of females which pay more for nail polish. DISPOSAL Since the product is mainly sold in retail stores across USA, the disposal method would be very different had the product been sold in developing countries such as Vietnam or Thailand. There are many options for the disposal of plastics in USA, for example, the process of grinding the glass to small pieces known as ‘cullet’ and then melted and mixed with other components and put into a mold for the desired shape. This form of re-cycled glass is cheaper to manage and create compared to the process of using raw materials and saves energy.
The plastic brush would also be recycled, as the glass bottle was. Upon separation into the recycled bin, the plastic would be sorted according to type, then grinded. Then once again, the flakes are separated according to density and formed into pellets. Then the pellets are sent off to factories which re-use the plastic. Environmental + Social Impacts : Extraction Stage Question: Who consumes the product? Question: How is the product transported throughout the process- from extraction to disposal? Question: Who makes the product and where? Question: What is the product made of and where do the raw materials come from? Question: How is the product disposed? The environment may be effected from the extraction of the materials used to create the enamel and brush, as there are plastic ingredients in these. The environment is effected from the production of PVC as the process of creating PVC uses high amounts of fossil fuels which are a finite resource such as oil in factories. Not only does the production of plastic effect the environment, the production of glass for nail polish bottles affects it as well. Society is impacted from the extraction of cotton. As an example, the extraction of cotton fibres requires a high amount of manual labour to take the cotton from the plants. This gives locals more job opportunities and could improve their lifestyle. Nitric acid Cotton tree Main materials found in China Empty nail polish bottle Trucks Cargo ships Manicure at a nail salon Nail salon/business Recycled glass WHAT IS IT? Nail polish is a lacquer which is applied on the nails for protection or decoration. Environment + Social Impacts : Product stage The factories which require high temperature to melt raw materials use a number of chemicals and produce a high CO2 emission. This creates an impact on the society or the community which lives near or in the same town as the factories. If the factories do not dispose of the waste in an appropriate method, the leftovers or waste of the production could affect the water systems and create a bad life style for community members – also a possibility of impacting the environment. Environment + Social Impacts : Distribution Stage The carbon footprint left from the transportation of all of the components before the nail polish bottle could be sold is immense. The environment is affected by the way the products are distributed because of the CO2 emission as well as the use of fossil fuels. The gasoline to power a truck which transports the sand to the factory, then the empty glass bottles to the compilation factory is very high. Trucks release CO2 into the environment which thins the ozone layer. This affects societies which are living in that area because the thin ozone layer could cause many diseases to people who are exposed to it. Affecting the society in a positive way, the distribution could also provide many more businesses and jobs for people living there as well. Environment + Social Impacts : Consumption Stage Recently, it has been released that some chemicals in the nail enamel which helps with a shine and longer lasting; causes eye, throat, and skin irritation. It also can lead to headaches, dizziness and fatigue, as these chemicals could be absorbed through the nail bed. This is very dangerous to the oblivious consumer, and it is important that consumers know of these chemicals which could be in your nail polish. In another perspective, the environment is affected by the consumption of nail polish through the consumers adding to the business and supporting the industry which destroys the environment. Environment + Social Impacts : Disposal Stage Improper disposal of the nail polish containing toxic chemicals could affect the soil. In an environment which grows crops, this could be very hazardous. The seeping of chemicals into the soils which is used to plant crops could penetrate the crops and be dangerous to the consumers of the vegetables/crops. In this situation, the farm workers who are exposed to daily chemicals in the ground could also be a danger to them. This creates social impacts because the people who are working with these jobs could be unknowingly and indirectly killing themselves from the chemicals on the ground. NAIL POLISH: PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE Works Cited (Information) By: Nern 10B "Glass, Common Wastes & Materials." EPA. Environmental Protection Agency, n.d. Web. 02 May 2013.
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