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PEDIATRIC BALANCE SCALE

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by

Jailene Salinas

on 3 August 2016

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Transcript of PEDIATRIC BALANCE SCALE

Pediatric Balance Scale is
BERG BALANCE SCALE
PBS

-14 items test
-Ages 4-15
-15 minutes long
-scored 1-4
-Max 56
PEDIATRIC BALANCE SCALE
IMPORTANCE
-
PEDIATRIC BALANCE SCALE
BY: JAILENE SALINAS
modification of the Berg Balance Scale
BERG BALANCE SCALE
-measure balance
-originally used to measure balance of elderly
-Now used to measure adults too
-Not appropriate for use on children
-complex
-too long

-sequence from easiest
to hardest
-tested 3 times
-timed
-score 1-4
(1 min --> 4 max)
-max score: 56
-51-47 w fall Hx= fall risk
-45 or less high fall risk
-42-41 w no fall Hx=fall risk
-40 100% fall risk
Creation of the PBS
-In New York City
-15 American Children
-Age: 4-15 years old
-Mild to moderate impairments
-Items rearranged in functional sequence
-Time reduced
-Instructions modified
-children must be independent in their home, school, and community
-important to be aware of the problem early on

WHAT IS BALANCE
-ability to move or remain in one position without falling

PBS CHART
PBS
INSTRUCTIONS:
-Verbalize instructions to child
-Demonstrate task
-Child chooses what leg they want to use


POINT DEDUCTION IF
-time is not met
-supervision is required
-therapist gives assistance
-subject touches external support

Subject Test
Part I- https://flipagram.com/f/t1ISU3Vaf3

Part II- https://flipagram.com/f/t1LytrAlXK
Validity & Reliability

PILOT 1
5-7 years of age
40 children
developing typically
2 sessions
2 weeks apart
no significant difference
PILOT 2
4-15 years of age
20 children
12 boys
8 girls
mild to moderate impairments
all receive PT at the time
2 sessions
2 weeks apart
Reliability extremely high
-ICC 3, 1=0.850

Reliability high
-ICC 3,1=0.997
SUBJECT SCORE:
53
References
Kisner, C. Colby, A. (2012). Theraputic exercise (6th edition). F.A. Davis Company.


BALANCE
STATIC
DYNAMIC
-
-All of the items are functional abilities that a child should be able to do
55-41 points
= independent
40-21
= assistance needed (device or therapist)
20 or below
= wheelchair needed
QUESTIONS
Full transcript