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Freud & Jung

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Jami Malvarosa

on 25 June 2013

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Transcript of Freud & Jung

Jung's Theory of the Unconscious
Freud's Theory of the Unconscious
Freud's Theory of Dreams
Jung's Theory of Dreams
Freud & Jung's
Similar Ideas
Freud & Jung
Freud's Stance on Religion
Jung Religion
The End
They both believed in the existence of a personal unconscious (Although Jung also thought their is a collective unconscious)
He thought religion and myths were unscientific
He considered them to be an escape and fallacy, similarly to Marx, who called them an opiate of the masses
One should have only faith in one's mind to cure neuroses, not religion
He believed religion was an important safety net while discovering the individual
Important to aid exploration and acceptance of all parts of self
Creates a means of communicating between all types of people through similar archetypes and symbols
Their Relationship
Their Feud
Their relationship began in 1906 when Jung sent Freud a copy of his published studies
Freud had already purchased the book since he heard that he was mentioned
Later, Freud sent Jung his published essays
This communication led to a friendship
Their friendship lasted about six years
Freud, age 51 when they met, saw Jung as a pupil or protégé
Jung, aged 31 when the friendship began, saw Freud as a type of father figure
Freud and Jung spent three months touring America together
After this, their differences became too great and the two broke apart
Jung thought Freud's theories were too negative and narrow, focusing mainly on just his own personal experiences

Both theories used three parts to describe the unconscious

They both felt that sex is a driving force for human behavior (But Jung thought there were also other factors that incluence behavior)
They had theories that use the unconscious to explain dreams and their meanings
Freud's theory is based on a personal unconscious, which collects only individual images, thoughts, and experiences
He believed that the purpose of this unconscious is to store repressed emotions & desires
Neuroses are caused by refusal to process these
The main development of this occurs in childhood
He is the father of psychoanalysis
His theory has three parts of the unconscious:
- The id, which is our instincts
- The ego, which is the reality
- The superego, which is morality
Conflict comes from the clash of instincts between the three parts of the unconscious
The aim of life is to reduce this tension
Repressed sexuality is the principal driving force, which also leads to mental illness
To remedy this, the unconscious must be bared, through psychoanalysis
Believed in a multilayer unconscious, the personal along with the deeper collective unconscious
Called theory analytical
Includes shared images and archetypes (inborn human behavior tendencies) for all humans, which bubble to surface of personal unconscious
Origins come from repeated experiences in humanity
Develops mainly during adulthood
The parts are included in the collective unconscious, also: The shadow, the darker or villainous unconscious; the persona, a social personality; and the anima, a "soul image"
Conflict comes from ignoring parts of the psyche
Drive comes from needing individualism
He also created the extrovert/introvert theory
He believed the purpose of dreaming is to preserve sleep
He thought they were disguised attempts at wish fulfillment
He saw symbols as a way to mask true meanings
To interpret these, free association and symbol decoding should be used
Jung believed the function of dreams is to compensate for personality and attitudes while awake
It expressed undeveloped parts of the mind, including archetypes
Dreams can be better understood by understanding the universal meaning of symbols
The function of these symbols is to express inner desires
Dreams can be interpreted through amplification, active imagination, & symbol interpretation
How did Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung's theories differ?
Full transcript