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Transcript of Bullying
Bullying involves repeated occurrences. Bullying is not generally considered a random act nor a single incident. Rather, a child is repeatedly picked on by another child or is the target of harassment from a whole group of children. It is the repeated nature of bullying that causes anxiety and apprehension in victims, such that the anticipation of bullying becomes as problematic as the bullying itself.
Bullying is characterized by a power difference; an unfair fight where the child who bullies has some advantage or power over the child who is victimized. Bullying is not the same as “playing around,” it is about the abuse of power.
(http://www.education.com/topic/bullying/schoolbullying/) The Effects of Bullying Bullying can affect everyone—those who are bullied, those who bully, and those who witness bullying. Bullying is linked to many negative outcomes including impacts on mental health, substance use, and suicide. It is important to talk to kids to determine whether bullying—or something else—is a concern. Cyberbullying What is Cyberbullying Stopping and Preventing Bullying Bullying is a group phenomenon- In many regards, bullying can be viewed as a peer-driven phenomenon that is both encouraged and maintained by characteristics of the peer group.
Focusing on individual bullies without considering the complex roles that all youth play in the bully dynamic keeps us from preventing bullying.
There are specific roles that youth play both directly or indirectly. We have commonly heard of bystanders who pass by an incident, simply observe, or participate. http://www.ksl.com/?nid=148&sid=24230082#ooid=tldGxwOTqjoyMg2LhCxqcoQjkFuIofR_ Cyberbullying in schools? Bullying done through electronics such as: sending a mean text message, posting embarassing picture, rumors sent through social media, fake profiles, and degrading videos. It can be done at any time of the day which makes it harder to detect and harder for the victim to avoid. They can be harassed 24/7. 16% of highschool students in 2011 reported being a victim of cyberbullying "What Is Cyberbullying." Stopbullying.gov. US Department of Health & Human Services, n.d. Web. 09 Apr. 2013. <http://www.stopbullying.gov/cyberbullying/what-is-it/index.html>. Students being cyberbullied are also often bullied in person as well, which usually happens in school. The problem is increasing with increased access to technology. Just like other kinds of bullying, cyberbullying can affect a student's education. So what can we do?? "When schools try and get involved by disciplining the student for cyberbullying actions that took place off-campus and outside of school hours, they are often sued for exceeding their authority and violating the student's free speech right. They also, often lose. " Prevention:
Whole School Policies
Social programs and curriculum programs
Intervention in schools Campbell, Marilyn A (2005) Cyber bullying: An old problem in a new guise?. Australian Journal of Guidance and Counselling 15(1):68-76. Copyright 2005 Australian Academic Press. (STOP Cyberbullying: What Is the School's Role in This?" STOP Cyberbullying: What Is the School's Role in This? Wired Safety, n.d. Web. 09 Apr. 2013. <http://www.stopcyberbullying.org/prevention/schools_role.html>.) Modes of School Bullying
Physical bullying is bullying that takes the form of physical abuse, such as pushing, shoving, hitting, fighting, spitting, and tripping. Threats of physical harm and attempts to force people to act in ways they would prefer not to are also included.
Emotional bullying is bullying that involves factors other than physical interaction, such as insults, derogatory remarks, name calling, and teasing. Also included are attempts to ostracize the victim, such as being left out or ignored, which is sometimes referred to as social bullying, as distinguished from verbal bullying. Emotional bullying could also take the form of purposely misplacing or hiding someone's belongings. Emotional bullying can be done in person or through cyberbullying. Specific Targets of School Bullying
-Homophobic bullying is sometimes distinguished because it has a particular target population.
-Bullying of students with disabilities is another type of bullying with a focused target population.
-Racist bullying is a third type of focused bullying that targets people of a specific race or cultural.
-Religious bullying targets people who have specific religious beliefs. According to the National Center for Education Statistics, nearly a third of all students aged 12 - 18 reported having been bullied at school in 2007, some almost daily. http://www.bullyingstatistics.org/content/school-bullying.html Kids who Bully Others Kids who bully others can also engage in violent and other risky behaviors into adulthood. Kids who bully are more likely to:
Abuse alcohol and other drugs in adolescence and as adults
Get into fights, vandalize property, and drop out of school
Engage in early sexual activity
Have criminal convictions and traffic citations as adults
Be abusive toward their romantic partners, spouses, or children as adults Kids who are Bullied Kids who are bullied can experience negative physical, school, and mental health issues. Kids who are bullied are more likely to experience:
Depression and anxiety, increased feelings of sadness and loneliness, changes in sleep and eating patterns, and loss of interest in activities they used to enjoy. These issues may persist into adulthood.
Decreased academic achievement—GPA and standardized test scores—and school participation. They are more likely to miss, skip, or drop out of school.
A very small number of bullied children might retaliate through extremely violent measures. In 12 of 15 school shooting cases in the 1990s, the shooters had a history of being bullied. Kids who witness bullying are more likely to:
Have increased use of tobacco, alcohol, or other drugs
Have increased mental health problems, including depression and anxiety
Miss or skip school
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The Relationship between Bullying and Suicide
Media reports often link bullying with suicide. However, most youth who are bullied do not have thoughts of suicide or engage in suicidal behaviors.
Although kids who are bullied are at risk of suicide, bullying alone is not the cause. Many issues contribute to suicide risk, including depression, problems at home, and trauma history. Additionally, specific groups have an increased risk of suicide, including American Indian and Alaskan Native, Asian American, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth. This risk can be increased further when these kids are not supported by parents, peers, and schools. Bullying can make an unsupportive situation worse. Source: http://www.stopbullying.gov/at-risk/effects/ Causes of Bullying Bullies often....
Have a need to dominate
Have trouble accepting people that are different
Can't control negative emotions
"Bullying." - Causes, Symptoms, & FAQ. Boston Children's Hospital, n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. <http://childrenshospital.org/az/Site2912/mainpageS2912P1.html>.’’ Environment Cultural Causes- society emphasizes winning.
Institutional Causes- bullying is more likely to occur if the school or workplace does not teach or enforce respect
Social Issues- bullies want attention and can often get more by acting out negatively
Family Issues- bullies often come from families with little love
Provocative Victims- bullying might grow out of response to an annoying or condescending person (soon to be victim)
"Why Do People Bully?" - Bullying Statistics. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. <http://www.bullyingstatistics.org/content/why-do-people-bully.html>. Watch out for...
PROVACATIVE VICTIMS!!! Genes? First steps: 1. Determine prevelence and type of bullying2. Determing where it is occurring3. How adults are responding to the bullying4. Perceptions of bullying School Structure:
Teachers: Many teachers are unaware of how serious and extensive the bullying is within their schools, and are often ineffective in being able to identify bullying incidents.
Programs: Any program that is adopted should be research-based and proven.
Peers: Data shows that when programs target bystander intervention directly there is an increase in peers assisting targets of bullying.
www. TPRonline.org Bullying Prevention: A research Dialogue with Dorothy Espelage