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Indian Music

A brief look at Indian music: instruments, scale, counting and artists
by

Tim Bradshaw

on 30 December 2012

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Transcript of Indian Music

There are also two main types of Indian music: Carnatic (South) and Hindustani (North). Both use a drone however Carnatic is more composed while Hindustani is more improvised. Indian Music Indian compositions are made up of two main elements: the rāga and the tāla.

A rāga is the specific sequence of notes used (like a scale in Western music). It is also the way in which the notes are played in order to create a certain mood.

The tāla is the number counted to until the rhythmic sequence is repeated and is used to keep time, though it is usually improvised around. Nearly all Western music is in "Teen-tāla" (4/4 or 16 note cycles). Sa = Do
Ra = Re
Ga = Me
Ma = Fa
Pa = So
Dha = La
Ni = Ti
Sa = Do Scale / Rāga Rhythm / Tāla Instruments Tha Ki Ta
Tha Ka Dhi Mi
Tha Ka Tha Ki Ta
Tha Ki Ta Tha Ka Dhi Mi
Tha Ka Dhi Mi Tha Ka Tha Ki Ta India left to right: Sitar, Sarangi, Tabla,
Shehnai, Bansuri... Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
& Indian Independance (1947) A classical bansuri player, the North Indian bamboo flute. Chaurasia made a conscious effort to reach out and expand the audience of classical music. Hariprasad Chaurasia Tabla Beat Science Founded by tabla player Zakir Hussain in 1999, Tabla Beat Science are prime example of the branching out of Indian music, consisting of Hindustani, Asian, Ambient and Drum and Bass influences. The Beatles Written by George Harrison and released on Sgt. Pepper's in 1967, "Within You Without You" is the second Beatles release to involve mainly Indian instruments in a move bringing Eastern music and influence further West. Ravi Shankar Born in 1920 and often referred to as "Pandit" (meaning master teacher in law, religion, music and philosophy) Shankar is classed as the most known contemporary Indian Sitar instrumentalist. He was so highly regarded that he served as a nominated member of the Indian Parliament from 1986 to 1992. Aims/WALT: Outcomes/WILF: To explore Indian history and mentality
To understand what a rāga and tāla are
To be able to recognize Indian instruments To be able to perform a piece of Indian music using the rāga given and appropriate performance techniques From 1612 to 1947 the British Crown ruled over India and its trade - trading silk, salt, cotton, tea and dye, having made a deal with the Emperor for European goods for his palace. Activists such as 'Muhatma' Gandhi aimed to put an end to British rule by peaceful protest. Rāga Exercise Tāla Exercise Main Classwork Rowlatt Act: Indians were jailed without trail and the press silenced out of fear of revolution against British rule. The same year, 1919, thousands stopped work in protest but were massacred by the British military in Punjab.

Under the influence of Gandhi, Motilal Nehru (congress) called for Independence by 1929 or warned that strikes would happen country-wide.

In 1930, the most famous peaceful protest - 'The Salt March' - consisting of millions of Indians took place.

In 1939, British head of Indian administration forced India in to WWII to fight Germany without a word to Indian congress so they all resigned in protest due to the hypocrisy of the British fighting Germany in light of Jewish oppression while the British were repressing India.

After the war, 1947, India was declared independent and two separate states were formed: India (Hindu) and Pakistan (Muslim) due to religious clashes. Sing up and down the major scale using the Indian syllables:
Now try to sing the scale given to you on the sheet: Nadai No. Syllables Tisra
Chatusra
Khanda
Misra
Sankeerna (3)
(4)
(5)
(7)
(9) Using the Nadai provided create your own Tāla, see how complicated you can make it and how fast you can say it (in time)!

For example: 3 - 5 - 7 - 4

This would be: Sa Ra Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni Sa D Eb F# G A Bb C D Advanced: D Eb F G A Bb C D The above scale is very close to the D Phrygian mode. A mode is essentially a scale that starts from a different note of the scale (for example, C major is C D E F G A B C. A Phrygian mode starts from the 3rd note, so: E F G A B C D E. The only difference is that the note F in the D Phrygian scale is an F# in the above Indian scale. Tha Ki Ta
Tha Ka Tha Ki Ta
Tha Ki Ta Tha Ka Dhi Mi
Tha Ka Dhi Mi Use of other instruments in Indian music, for example, the violin... Lakshminarayanan
Shankar be the change you wish to see in the - Gandhi you and world the are all one - Jiddu Krishnamurti Should one country get to make decisions for another country ? Would you rather be independent or dependent and have someone chose and do EVERYTHING for you ? How could you successfully get something from someone who isn't willing to give ? you it * * * world... What characteristics of Indian music represent their way of thinking?
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