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Karen Horney

Life and Theories of Karen Horney

Brandi Weekes

on 4 October 2012

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Transcript of Karen Horney

(1885-1952) Karen Horney Born on September 16th, 1885 near Hamburg, Germany
Parents: Clatilde&Berndt Danielson
-Four siblings
-At age 9, Karen develops a crush on her older brother and is turned away Background Info: 1906 enters medical school
-studies at Universities of Freiburg and Berlin Education&Family 1923 husband gets meningitis and his business shuts down
Brother, Berndt, dies at age 42 due to a pulmonary infection
*****Becomes really depressed and develops thoughts of committing suicide*****
1926 Karen and her children move to U.S.
1930 developed theories about sociocultural factors in human development
1934 moves to NYC Downhill & Movin' Onn! Wrote Four Books Theory of Neurotic Needs www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAhorney.html
www.webster.edu/~woolflm?horney.htm Sources
******This marks the beginning of her depression****** 1904 Karen's father and stepmom divorce
-father is left with Karen and Berndt Meets her husband and gets married in 1909
-3 daughters together (Brigitte, Marianne, &Renate) 1911 stepmother dies
-triggers her to explore psychoanalysis 1915 Karen pairs with Karl Abraham to follow Freudian analysis
-began taking patients for analysis and started working at the Berlin Psychoanalytic Center and Institute in 1919 1920's Karen published papers describing the topic of orthodox Freudians--ESPECIALLY psychosexuality (1937) The Neurotic Personality of Our Time
-focuses on the idea of neuroses (1942) Self Analysis
-relates to her personal experiences (1945) Our Inner Conflicts
(1950) Neurosis & Human Growth
-discuss ideas about pride and
defense strategies "Fortunately analysis is not the only way to resolve inner conflicts. Life itself still remains a very good therapist."



Inner Conflicts Theory Horney Freud -feelings and attitudes determined by culture
-driven by emotional forces
-dealt with problems
-compulsive drives are neurotic -seeking self realization
-help from analyst to cope with life -abilities to be a decent person
-man can change -instinctual drives or object relationships determined biologically
-deny problems
-ego concept without initiative or executive powers
-convulsive drives but not driven to neurosis -avoids self realization
-love for the analyst -repressed or repressing
-disbelief in human goodness and growth Neo-Freudianism --*Need for affection and approval (need to please others and be liked by them)
--*Need for a partner and love
--*Need to be undemanding and restrict life into narrow borders Compliance --*Need for power and control over others
--*Need for social recognition and personal admiration
--*Need for personal achievement
--*Need to exploit others Aggression Withdrawal --*Need for self sufficiency
--*Need for independence felt it was her task to work out a fuller understanding for female trends & attitudes in life
wrote 14 papers which she combined into a volume called "Female Psychology"
proved that culture and society encouraged women to be dependent on men for love, prestige, wealth, care, and protection
pointed out the overemphasis on pleasing men and the overvalue of men and love
stressed that self-awareness was a part of becoming a better, stronger, richer human being Feminine Psychology the "self" is the core of one's being--their potential
-healthy person's real self is aimed at reaching self-actualization Self Theory ****Ideal self--created when one feels they are lacking in some area of their life & not living up to what they should
+++Ideal self is NOT realistic OR possible *****Despised self--the feeling that one is hated all around them Neurotic therefore swings back&forth between pretending to be perfect&hating themselves
-Horney called this the "tyranny of the shoulds" "Neurotic Self" divided into two: Karen's father remarries a woman named Sonni and they have a baby boy
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