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Our Government

4th Grade
by

Tanya Hale

on 11 October 2013

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Transcript of Our Government

Why do we have 3 branches of Government and what are they?
Legislative Branch
Known as "Congress" at the National Level
and
"The General Assembly at the State Level
Executive Branch
Who is the leader of the Executive Branch,

at the National Level?
Judicial Branch
Includes our court system.
How a Bill becomes a Law
First, your teacher will read you a
book about this process called "House Mouse, Senate Mouse"
Topic 1: How does our government compare to other governments?
Next, go to the SmartBoard presentation with more activities and info on Types of Government

REMEMBER: nearly every country in the world is ruled by a system that combines
2 or more of these (for example, the USA is not a true capitalist society, since the
government actually provides some services for its citizens).
Additionally, one person's opinion of the type of government may differ from
another's (many argue that the USA is actually a plutocracy rather than a
democracy).

Authority - who picks the government?

Example:

Politics - how is the government run?

Example:


Economy - what provides the goods and services that are bought, sold, and used?

Example:



Economy - what provides the goods and services that are
bought, sold, and used?

Politics - how is the government run?

Authority - who picks the government?


A Governmental System can be classified based on:



Government is a system of social control under which the right to
make laws, and the right to enforce them, is given to a particular group in society. Government power can be held by one individual, a few, or a
majority.

To study governments, people look at the following:
1. Types – Who rules and who participates (degree of control ).
2. Systems – How the power is distributed (organizational
structure).


What is a government?



Dictatorship
Leader has complete control of all
decisions.



Communism
Leader owns everything and decides
everything.


Monarchy
Leader is a King or Queen and can
only be from that family. Some have
complete control and some have
limited.

Democracy
Leaders are chosen by the people
through voting and leaders have
limited control.

Discuss with your table the benefits and problems
with each type of government. In your opinion,
which system is the best?

Essential Questions:

1. How does the Constitution divide the
government's power into three branches?

2. What are checks and balances, and why were
they created?

3. How does the Constitution ensure our
government fulfills its purposes?

4. Why were the Bill of Rights added to the
Constitution?


The Three Branches of Government


These Include:

Our right to a fair trial.

No cruel or unusual punishment.

Powers not given to the federal government are reserved to the states.

The right to bear arms.

Freedom of speech.

Freedom from unreasonable searches.

Freedom of religion.

The right to petition.

The Bill of Rights were added to the Constitution to list
our natural rights that our government must protect.

Legislative Branch

Executive Branch

Judicial Branch

Checks and Balances


Give education and healthcare to everyone.

Provide things we need to live and communicate.
Protect business with other countries.

Keep our way of life protected.

Defend against wars and crime.

Think about the 5 purposes
of government we talked
about before… Do you
recognize them in these
lines?

We the People of the United States
in order to form a more perfect union,
establish justice, ensure domestic tranquility,
provide for the common defense,
promote the general welfare,
and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity,
do ordain and establish,
this Constitution for the United States of America.

The Preamble to the Constitution

Our Government
Parts
Senate
* Each state has 2 members
called Senators.
House of Representatives
* Members based on population and called State Representatives. The more people in a state, the more votes (and Representatives) they get.
Was divided into two parts because of "The Great Compromise"
What does the Legislative Branch do?
* Their main duty is to make laws.



* They also have the power to declare war.
* They write, discuss, debate, and pass bills to become laws.
Who are our leaders of the Legislative Branch?
National Level: Congress

Senate House of Representatives
State Level: General Assembly

Senate House of Representatives

Local Level:
City - City Council

County - Magistrate
President Barack Obama
at the State Level in KY?
Governor Steve Beshear
at the Local Level?
- County
County Judge Executive
Lowell B. Jamison
- City
Mayor Gary Hunt
Two Parties
Democrats and Republicans
Voting in Elections
HOW A BILL BECOMES A LAW
First, someone has an idea for a new law! They share it with their state representative.
The representative takes it to be written
correctly so it will sound better.
It is now a bill!!!
At the House of Representatives, a committee reviews
the bill and if over half of them like it, then it is sent
to the whole House of Representatives for a vote.
BUT
If at least half of the House don't vote yes,
IT DIES!
If more than half vote yes to the bill,
it goes to the Senate for a vote.
The Senate votes on the bill,
if at least half of them say yes,
then it goes to the President.
BUT
If at least half don't vote yes,
IT DIES!
PRESIDENT VOTES
YES!
Hurray, I'm a Law!!
NO (VETO)
BUT

If the President votes
It goes back to Congress, they vote again
and if 2/3 vote yes; it's a Law anyway!!!



If not 2/3; it DIES!!
If you are the President of the United States...
You would live here in The White House
located in Washington D.C.
If you are the Governor of Kentucky...
You would live in the Governor's Mansion
located in Frankfort, Kentucky.
If you are the leader of one of
the local executive branches...
You have to get your
own house... one doesn't
come with this job.
Back to the President
How is the President chosen?
Full transcript