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"The Pardoner's Prologue" and "The Pardoner's Tale"
Transcript of "The Pardoner's Prologue" and "The Pardoner's Tale"
"The Pardoner's Tale" The Canterbury Tales
Group Teaching Project
AP English IV The Black Death Exemplum Medieval Drama Medieval Drama Miracle Plays Morality Plays The beginning of Middle English plays. Most were religious in nature and had some type of moral. Examples include "York Mystery Plays", the "Chester Mystery Plays", the "Wakefield Mystery Plays" and the "N-Town Plays", and "Everyman." These were about the lives of saints and miracles they performed. They were staged in different locations around town where the audience was mobile and moved from stage to stage. They portrayed the saints to be ordinary people living ordinary lives, as opposed to being biblical.
They were often noisy and entertaining. Also known as interludes, these types of plays may or may not contain a moral theme.
They are also a type of allegory where the good is seen over the evil clearly.
These were most popular in the 15th and 16th centuries.
Most notable is the play, "Everyman."
The way the characters are named is what truly make these types of plays unique. Instead of normal names, they are called by the quality they represent. The Foreshadowing
in the Prologue The Pardoner tells in the prologue
how "Radix malorum est cupiditas." (p. 149, line 6)
This is shown later on through the tale Where did it come from? This came from Classical, Medieval, and
Renaissance literature by emphasizing good or bad character traits. How this relates to
The Pardoner's Tale The Pardoner's Tale uses the story of the
three friends to represent
how "greed is the root of all evil." What is it? An exemplum is a sermon used
to convey a moral message by telling a story. The Black Death, 1348 An epidemic that reduced Europe's population 25%-50% after 3 years.
It started in Italy in the Spring of 1348 and worked its way through Europe.
Most people plagued by The Black Death died within one week. Reactions to the Plague Two Main Reactions
1. Fear and Panic: People shut themselves up from the world and would only be with those who were healthy. This caused many to leave and go towards the country area away from people.
2. Drink and Be Merry: Some thought the cure was to be exposed and have a "free-for-all." This led to loose morals in the survivors, which also spread the disease more easily. Forms of Plague 1. Bubonic - the most common and derives its name from swellings and small tumors that appeared on the neck, armpit, or groin of the victim.
2. Pneumonic - attacked the respiratory system and was airborne. It was more virulent and life expectancy was one to two days.
3. Septicemic - attacked the blood system. This was bacterial and was caught through the bite of an infected rodent or insect. This is the least common, and death usually came in 24 hours without treatment. People fell ill by the thousands, mostly were in the lower and middle classes.
Mass burial was a necessity during this time since the goal was to get rid of the bodies.
Land for burial was scarce, so trenches had to be built to pile the bodies in. Death http://www.polleverywhere.com/multiple_choice_polls/LTE4NDE0MjgxNDM Test What You Learned What type of play would you consider this picture to be from? Why? Bibliography Martin, Phillip. “Medieval Plays/DramaMystery, Miracle, Morality.” Medieval Europe. Web. 24 October 2012. Farlex. “The Free Dictionary.” Web. 18 October 2012. *Fun Fact* Pardoners refused to have beards and often appeared feminine. He uses this to enhance his teachings and make him seem more credible. The relics he uses are supposed to seem very special. He also admits to speaking "yokels" and lying during his sermons and takes pride in the fact that his has earned him money. He then eludes to telling his tale which has earned him a good sum of money, even from the poor. Volencia. “The Pardoner’s Tale 1.” Slideshare. Web. 24 October 2012. "The Black Death, 1348." EyeWitness to History. 2001. Web. 24 October 2012. Chaucer, Geoffrey. "The Canterbury Tales." "The Pardoner's Tale." Penguin Classics. 1475. *Chance to earn candy!* Rhetorical Analysis Line 7 "devil's sacrifice" --They are not good people, diction and tone in opening Line 8 "devil's temple" Shows bad attitude on church Lines 25-35 Biblical allusions referring to drunk misdeeds Lines 36-49 and 59-61 Biblical allusions illustrates the evil of gluttony Lines 89-90 Imagery of drunken man Lines 117-119 Allusion to Attila Lines 141-158 Allusion to spartan politician
He discusses the sin of swearing before moving on to the actual tale Lines 213 "An unseen thief, called Death" This obviously represents death. Lines 230-239 Irony: The three young men go on a quest to "kill" Death. Lines 251 They meet the old man who is full of wisdom and sorrow. Irony: They all try to kill each other out of greed and they all end up dying. Irony: The pardoner asks for money and shows his fake relics after preaching about the evils of greed. AP Questions 2009: A symbol is an object, action, or event that represents something or that creates a range of associations beyond itself. In literary works a symbol can express an idea, clarify meaning, or enlarge literal meaning. Select a novel or play and, focusing on one symbol, write an essay analyzing how that symbol functions in the work and what it reveals about the characters or themes of the work as a whole. Do not merely summarize the plot. 1994: In some works of literature, a character who appears briefly, or does not appear at all, is a significant presence. Choose a novel or play of literary merit and write an essay in which you show how such a character functions in the work. You may wish to discuss how the character affects action, theme, or the development of other characters. Avoid plot summary. Test what you learned!
(and earn candy, too!) How would one catch the Pneumonic Plague? Earn 5 points for each part What are morality plays also known as?
What makes the names in morality plays unique?
Which type of play was mobile, portrayed saints as ordinary people, and was noisy and entertaining? Earn 5 points for each correct answer Since the Pardoner's Tale uses a sermon to convey a moral message, what does that make this tale? What latin words does the Pardoner use to say "Greed is the root of all evil"?
Where in the book can this saying be found? (Not a specific line) Earn 5 points for each correct answer
*earn up to 40 points!* What does the Pardoner say is the "fruit of all gamblers"? *hint: 3 word answer* What were some specific examples of Medieval Dramas?
*hint: one of them applies to "everyone"*
*hint: 5 possible answers*