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Police Operational Procedure Rule 25 Checkpoint
Transcript of Police Operational Procedure Rule 25 Checkpoint
The establishment of checkpoints must always be authorized by the PNP and manned by uniformed PNP personnel assigned in the area. Other units directly involved in an operation may establish mobile checkpoints in coordination with the Commander of the Unit/Station in the area.
Section 3. Guidelines
a. Mobile checkpoints are authorized only when established in conjunction with ongoing police operations. Only officially marked vehicles shall be used in establishing mobile checkpoints.
b. Checkpoints may be established when there is a need to arrest a criminal or fugitive from justice.
c. The composition of the personnel manning the checkpoint shall be left to the sound discretion of the PNP unit commander.
d. Encourage the participation of, but not limited to, the Local Government Units (LGUs), Civil Society Groups, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), business organizations, other civic groups, media and other stakeholders during the conduct of Police Checkpoint.
e. The participation of the civilians and the presence of the media in the conduct of checkpoint must be contained only as observers.
f. All civic groups or organizations to include the media, who are inclined to participate in police checkpoints, must be duly registered and accredited by the PNP for such purpose.
g. PNP personnel manning the checkpoint must have a presentable appearance, wearing the prescribed PNP uniform.
h. In Metro Manila and other major cities, police officers manning the checkpoints should not wear Field Service Uniforms (FSU) or black fatigues in lieu of the PNP General Office Attire unless the conduct of checkpoint is a result of a Hot Pursuit Operation or a High Risk Checkpoint.
i. As much as possible, the area where the checkpoints shall be established must be properly lighted, with a noticeable signage bearing the name of the PNP unit and the participating organization/s visibly displayed in the checkpoint site, to prevent any apprehension from the public of the existence of the same.
j. Due courtesy must be accorded to the motorists, traders and the commuters during the conduct of checkpoint.
k. The spokesperson must greet the people subject for inspection, ask apology for the inconvenience, appeal for understanding and state the reasons of the operation. Thank the person/s searched.
l. Except in the actual commission of crime during checkpoints or in a hot pursuit operation, the conduct of inspection of vehicle during a routine checkpoint is limited to a visual search and therefore must be done with due respect to innocent passersby, commuters, or bystanders and be conducted in a manner that is least inconvenient to the public. Searches, seizures, and arrest made during checkpoints shall be within the ambit of the law.
m. Violations/Infractions of the law discovered during the checkpoint operation shall be expeditiously disposed of following legal procedures. Arrested persons must be apprised of their rights in reference to the Miranda Doctrine.
n. must be given due consideration in the planning stage of the operation.
o. Only the security sub-team and blocking/pursuing sub-team members are allowed to display high-powered firearms and are positioned where they can best provide security to the Checkpoint team including themselves.
p. Checkpoint personnel must not limit their task in law enforcement and crime deterrence. They should also be ready to provide police assistance in the vicinity e.g., giving directions to inquiring motorists or passersby.
q. The PNP operating units must provide their own logistical and financial requirements to avoid soliciting support from the civilians for their personal or operational needs.
r. Police personnel assigned in the checkpoint shall not mulct, extort, or harass drivers, passengers, and traders. Designated TL assigned at the checkpoint shall be responsible for the actuations and behavior of his personnel and shall be accountable under the doctrine of Command Responsibility.
s. Voluntary offers of cash or in kind from the traders/motorists passing the checkpoint should be absolutely refused because the offer might be misconstrued as a bribe.
t. The police and the civilian component must separately submit their After Checkpoint Operation Report to their respective units or organization for proper evaluation of the efficacy of the operation.
Police Operational Procedure Rule 25 Checkpoint
is a military and police tactic involving the setup of a hasty roadblock primarily by mobile truck-mounted infantry or police units in order to disrupt unauthorized or unwanted movement and/or military activity.
Police checkpoints are set up to achieve surprise, as opposed to known permanently located manned checkpoints. They might be established in locations where they cannot be observed by approaching traffic until it is too late to withdraw and escape without being observed.
Section 2. Composition
In the conduct of checkpoint proper, the checkpoint team shall be composed of, but not limited to, the following:
a. Team Leader (TL) - shall lead and take responsibility in the conduct of checkpoint preferably an of!cer with the rank of at least Police Inspector;
b. Spotter - PNP personnel who will point/profile suspected vehicle subject for checkpoint;
c. Spokesperson - TL or member who is solely in charge of communicating with the motorist’s subject for checkpoint;
d. Investigation Sub-team - in charge of investigation and documentation of possible incidents in the checkpoint to include issuance of Traffic Citation Ticket (TCT) or Traffic Violation Report (TVR);
e. Search/Arresting Sub-Team - designated to conduct search, seizure and arrest, if necessary;
f. Security Sub-Team - tasked to provide security in the checkpoint area; and
g. Blocking/Pursuing Sub-Team - team tasked to block/pursue fleeing suspects/vehicle.
SECTION 4. Procedure in the Conduct of Regular Police Checkpoint
a. Unit Commanders should inform Higher Headquarters (HHQs) Tactical Operations Center (TOC) and coordinate with adjacent units, such as, MPS, CPS, NSUs, Public Safety Management Forces and other friendly forces, personally or through an official representative, before commencing with the checkpoint to avoid misencounter and any untoward incident;
b. The TL shall brief the PNP personnel, as well as the civilian components present, including the media regarding the proper conduct of the checkpoint and their assigned tasks prior to their deployment;
c. The TL shall initially account for the PNP personnel and check if they are in the prescribed uniform. PNP personnel conducting the checkpoint shall display their nameplates at all times. If wearing a jacket, the flap of the jacket bearing their names should also be displayed. Likewise, the equipment will include, but not limited to, the following:
1) Marked Patrol vehicles;
2) Firearms with basic load of ammunition;
3) Handheld and vehicle base radios;
5) Megaphone; and
6.1 Warning signs: (e.g., Slowdown Checkpoint Ahead, Checkpoint 20 Meters Ahead, etc); and
6.2 Information signs: Name of the Unit and TL.
d. The Spotter of the team will be pre-positioned in a place where he can best point/pro!le suspected vehicles prior to their approach to the checkpoint;
e. Search/Arresting Sub-Team shall "ag down suspected vehicles and conduct search, seizure and arrest if necessary;
f. Arrested persons and seized items shall be turned-over to the investigation sub-team for documentation and proper disposition;
g. In the event that the checkpoint is ignored, and the occupants of the vehicle open fire on the personnel manning the checkpoint, reasonable force to overcome the suspects’ aggression may be employed;
h. Inform Higher Headquarters before terminating the conduct of Checkpoint;
i. The TL shall conduct debrie!ng of personnel after termination of the Checkpoint; and
j. Unit Commander shall submit After Activity Report to Higher Headquarters.
Section 5. Procedure in the Conduct of Hasty Checkpoints
a. PNP personnel conducting mobile patrols on board patrol vehicles will initially man the checkpoint, to be complemented by additional personnel upon arrival of reinforcement. A collapsible signage with markings: “Stop, Police Checkpoint”, indicating also the name of the concerned police office/unit conducting the operations, will be used for the purpose;
b. In the case of PNP personnel conducting Internal Security Operation (ISO) or foot patrol, where a vehicle and collapsible signage is not readily available, the checkpoint shall be manned initially by said personnel;
c. The team shall immediately inform Higher Headquarters of the exact location to include personnel involved and available equipment;
d. the participation of the civilian component and the presence of the media in the checkpoint operation shall not be allowed;
e. The Unit Commander of the personnel manning shall immediately send additional personnel, equipment and signage to the area in order to convert the Hasty Checkpoint into a Regular Checkpoint; and
f. As soon as the Hasty Checkpoint is converted into a Regular Checkpoint, TL shall follow the procedures on Section 4paragraph c of this Rule
Section 6. General Procedure to be Followed When Checkpoints are Ignored When checkpoints are ignored, the following shall be observed:
a. In the event that checkpoints/roadblocks are ignored and the motorists/suspects bumped the roadblock in an attempt to elude arrest or avoid inspection, the TL shall immediately contact adjacent units to inform them of the situation so that these units can conduct dragnet operation, while the members of the blocking/pursuing team shall block or pursue the errant "fleeing motorist;
b. Warning shots shall not be allowed due to the confusion it may create to the driver and passengers of the vehicle. Megaphones or police sirens shall be used instead during the pursuit. The plate number of the vehicle shall be noted and given to other units in adjacent areas to prevent the possibility that the vehicle may elude the pursuit operation; and
c. In the event that the occupants of the vehicle open fire on the personnel manning the checkpoint, reasonable force to overcome the suspects’ aggression may be employed.
SECTION 7. Procedure in Flagging Down or Accosting Vehicles While in Mobile Car
a. Call Headquarters to inform of the make or type and plate number of the motor vehicle to be accosted including the number and, if possible, identity of occupants;
b. State the reason(s) for the planned intervention of the suspected motor vehicle;
c. Give mobile car’s location and its direction before making actual intervention;
d. Try to get alongside the suspects’ vehicle and check the occupants without alarming them of your purpose. You can even overtake the vehicle and wait for it at an advantageous location before stopping the suspects’ vehicle;
e. Determine whether the suspects are hostile or not;
f. Make known to the suspect that you are after them through the use of a siren or megaphone;
g. Instruct the driver to pull over or stop on the side of the road;
h. Park behind the suspect’s vehicle at an appropriate distance and cautiously approach the vehicle on the driver’s side;
i. If the vehicle’s windows are heavily tinted and the occupants cannot be seen, instruct the driver to open all windows to have a clear view of the interior of the vehicle;
j. Instruct the driver to turn off the ignition, if this was not done when the vehicle stopped;
k. The other members of the team must be on guard for any eventuality while the vehicle is being approached;
l. Talk to the driver in a most courteous manner and inform him of the nature of his violation. Demand to see the driver’s license, photocopies of the certificate of registration and the official receipt. Examine these documents and counter-check the driver on the information reflected therein;
m. If it concerns traffic violations, immediately issue a Traffic Citation Ticket (TCT) or Traffic Violation Report (TVR). Never indulge in prolonged, unnecessary conversation or argument with the driver or any of the vehicle’s occupants;
n. In cases of other violations that require the impounding of the vehicle, inform the driver regarding this situation and instruct him to follow you, after issuing the TCT/TVR; and,
o. Before moving out, inform Headquarters regarding the situation/ status and disposition of the person and motor vehicle accosted.
SECTION 8. Dealing with Hostile Situation
a. Stopping Vehicles
1) Follow the procedure stated in paragraphs a to c of Section 7;
2) Immediately request for back-up;
3) Follow the suspect and always keep him within visual range;
4) Expect that the suspect will notice your action at any time. Be prepared for a car chase or actual hostile confrontation;
5) If the back-up is already in the vicinity, inform Headquarters that you are proceeding to accost the suspect;
6) Inform the suspects that you are after them through the use of siren or megaphone and instruct the driver to pull over or stop on the side of the street;
7) Park at an appropriate distance behind the suspect’s vehicle;
8) While the vehicle is being approached, the other members of the crew and back-up must be on guard for any eventuality. Overreactions should be avoided;
9) If the vehicle’s windows are heavily tinted and the occupants cannot be seen, instruct the driver to open all windows for a clear view of the vehicle’s interior;
10) Direct the driver and other occupants of the vehicle not to make unnecessary movements and to show their hands outside the car;
11) Instruct the driver to turn off the ignition and toss the key to the ground. Demand to see the Driver’s License and photocopies of the vehicle’s certificate of registration and the official receipt. Examine the documents and counter-check the driver on the information reflected therein; and,
12) If there are other suspects aside from the driver, separate them from one another.
b. Fleeing Vehicles
1) In the event that the motor vehicle did not stop despite the warning given, inform Headquarters or adjacent units so that roadblocks or hasty checkpoints can be set-up;
2) Call Headquarters to inform of the make or type, plate number and color of the motor vehicle to be accosted including the number of occupants and, if possible, their identity;
3) State the reason(s) for "agging down the suspected motor vehicle;
4) Give mobile car’s location and its direction before making actual intervention;
5) When the vehicle of the suspect is cornered or stopped, instruct the driver and other occupants in a clear and commanding voice to follow specifically what you will require of them. Failure on their part to follow will be construed as a hostile act on their part. Execute instructions on the use of reasonable force;
6) Instruct the driver to turn off the ignition and toss the key to the ground, open the door and step out of the vehicle, followed by his hands to be placed on top of the vehicle, or to move towards you with his hands up;
7) Instruct other occupants of the vehicle, if any, to come out one by one, and follow what the driver has been instructed to do earlier;
8) Arrest, handcuff and search the suspects and bring them to Headquarters for proper disposition; and
9) Before moving out, inform Headquarters about the situation, status and disposition of the suspects and motor vehicle accosted.
SECTION 9. High Risk Stop and HArrestigh Risk
a. Initial Stage
Upon receipt of information involving movement of armed person or persons, either singly or in group, including unauthorized movement of government troops, or in immediate response to a reported commission of crime perpetrated by armed persons, the PNP shall immediately:
1) Organize appropriate tactical security forces utilizing maximum !repower and armor assets;
2) Deploy the security forces to stopping zones in defensive position; and
3) Seal off the area and establish strong roadblocks/ barricades.
b. Effecting a High Risk Stop
When effecting high-risk stop, the police officer shall:
1) Exert utmost effort to persuade the suspects to halt or stop their movement.
2) Start with the procedural conduct of regular warrantless arrest where arrest is inevitable.
3) Ensure proper documentation of the process.
4) Respect the rights of all the persons involved.
c. During Violent Stage
The PNP shall strictly adhere to the PNP Operational Procedures (POP) particularly on the use of reasonable force (Rule 8).