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Proposals & Satire - Freshman Composition

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Melody Kowach

on 24 August 2016

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Transcript of Proposals & Satire - Freshman Composition

What is a proposal?
Definition & Purpose
Define the problem
Framing your proposal
and
Things to think about
Picking a Topic
Structuring a proposal
Writing your own "Modest Proposal"
Proposals & Satire
Proposals are written to :
Solve problems
Initiate an action or change
To alter someone's thinking about a problem
Proposals are another form of argument!
Note: An argument is simply the use of evidence to assert a point of view. The western concept of argumentation is that it is about a battle. However, communication theorists describe it as an invitation into a conversation.

"Arguments aren't polarizing or hostile by nature, not when people more interested in generating light than heat offer them" (Ruszkiewicz and Dolmage 72).
Consider the options
Make specific recommendations
Towards the beginning of a proposal, "set the stage" by describing the specific situation or problem in detail.
Remember, readers may not know anything about the problem! So it's your job to set it up so that they see a "compelling need" for action.
What's wrong with the status quo? (Status Quo: the existing state of affairs)
Part of defining the problem may include addressing prior solutions
Weigh all the workable solutions to the problem
Think about their advantages and disadvantages
Be sure to consider prior solutions and why they have failed.
How is your solution better?
Think about what you propose to do about the situation or problem; don't just complain
We are always more motivated to get something right when we have something personally at stake.
Select something you genuinely care about.
Be prepared to defend your proposal
Generally speaking, people are resistant to change.
Consider criticism and objections to your proposal
How can you defend your proposal against such criticism?
Implementation
Explain how you propose to resolve this issue
What are the steps necessary to implement your proposal
Reasons to support the solution
Be specific and make sure that you detail out WHY your proposal will work
Why should the reader support your solution?
Counter-Argument and Refutation
What will the nay-Sayers say?
Why is your solution still the best?
Satire
Social Satire
Social Satire pokes fun at the weaknesses of society in order to correct them.
Political Satire
From THE COLUMBIA ENCYCLOPEDIA:
From ancient times satirists have shared a common aim: to expose foolishness in all its guises — vanity, hypocrisy, pedantry, idolatry, bigotry, sentimentality — and to effect reform through such exposure. The many diverse forms their statements have taken reflect the origin of the word satire, which is derived from the Latin satura, meaning "dish of mixed fruits," hence a medley.
Satire
Merriam Webster:
1: a literary work holding up human vices and follies to ridicule or scorn
2: trenchant wit, irony, or sarcasm used to expose and discredit vice or folly
Political Satire pokes fun at the weaknesses of political policies and events in order to correct them.
Any form of satire often requires writers to draw exaggerated but recognizable portraits of people and situations
Some Examples of Satire
Elements of Satire
Exaggeration
To enlarge, increase, or represent something beyond normal bounds so that it becomes ridiculous and its faults can be seen.
Incongruity
To present things that are out of place or are absurd in relation to its surroundings. Particular techniques include oxymoron, metaphor, and irony.
Parody
To imitate the techniques and/or style of some person, place, or thing in order to ridicule the original. For parody to be successful, the reader must know the original text that is being ridiculed.
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