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the phoenicians

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Caitlin Smith

on 8 October 2012

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Transcript of the phoenicians

THE PHOENICIANS. Social: When the downfall of the Hitties and Egyptians happened, the
Phoenicians had political independence. City states developed along the Western Mediterranean (such as Biblos, Sidon, Carthage and Tyree) and they all had their own god and their own ruler. Usually, the ruler had power until he died and was selected from a wealthy family. He never had so much power though, because merchant families had a big influence on public affairs and he usually had elders provide some guidance for him. Around the 8th century B.C, Phoenicia lost its independence, with many of the cities being taken over by a succession of imperial powers, each one being replaced. This began with the Assyrians, followed by the Babylonians, Persians, and Macedonian Greeks. As years passed, the area became part of the Roman province of Syria and the Phoenician people slowly fade away. Their country was a narrow strip of the Syrian coast, about 160 miles long and 20 miles wide. Interaction: Political: Phoenicians were a Syro-Canaanite civilization.Their religion belief system was paganism and they believed in many gods, their religion was inspired and influenced by powers and processes of nature sacrifice was an vital part of their religion. It was used to show dedications and sacrifice to the the gods.The Phoenician alphabet was greater than cuneiform and served as a bases, for greek culture and the key point for the start of development of Greek literature.The Phoenicians were adventurous merchants and also navigators as well.They colonized parts of Cyprus, Rhodes, and the Aegean Islands. Their art served many purposes such as
religious ,trade or others but was meant to appeal to a visual impact and communicate ideas.Trade was the basis of receiving money. The City-states like cities of Sidon and Tyre were famous for their purple dye in trade.. The Phoenicians also exported wine, oil, cedar and pine woods, textiles like fine linen, glass, metalwork, salt, and manifactured goods. Culture: Sources Cites: The Phoenicians
where explores,traders and inventors of the Alphabet, they were a semitic people, who arose to greatness form coastal region of the eastern Mediterranean.
They colonized the rim of the Mediterranean, particularly the north american section.
The Phoenicians economy was based on trade. But still the most important factor in Phoenician economy was the finding of of the cedar and fir forests, which provided the neighboring countries with valuable wood. Phoenicians, also traded cloth dyeing. Those dyes ranging in color from a pink to a deep purple were made from the rotting gland of a sea snail. Gradually the Phoenician city-states became centers of maritime trade and manufacturing. The Phoenicians than began to have a limited natural resources, they imported raw materials and made them , more
valuable objects that could be shipped profitably, such as jewelry, metalwork, furniture, and housewares. They borrowed techniques and styles from all corners of the world that they touched as traders
While exploring in Spain they found large amounts of metal. Economic The Phoenicians never established a political unit during that time it had one city that ruled the others.
In this city the king had to work with the representatives or merchant families which formed a council called the shofets that later overthrew the king. It was an independent religion that mainly employed male priests and servants. Wealthy merchants had rights to protecting them from the full force of the laws. In aristocracy were lesser businessmen, craftsmen, dealers, shopkeepers and entrepreneurs. Below them were normal working men and at the bottom were slaves. Slaves could earn money and eventually buy their freedom. Social B.C., a. 1., & Greeks, t. h. (n.d.). Canaanite Phoenician History & Culture Phoenicians history lebanon middleeaset Phoenicia arabs. Lebanon - arabic music, lebanon news, arabic design, pictures, Lebanon beirut, lebanese. Retrieved October 3, 2012, from http://www.lebanon2000.com/ph.htm

Holst, S., research, a. n., & years., d. f. (n.d.). Phoenician Encyclopedia: A Bequest Unearthed, Phoenicia and the Phoenicians, Punic, Canaanites -- Encyclopedia Phoeniciana. Phoenician Encyclopedia: A Bequest Unearthed, Phoenicia and the Phoenicians, Punic, Canaanites -- Encyclopedia Phoeniciana. Retrieved October 3, 2012, from http://phoenicia.org/

Jidejian, N. (n.d.). The Phoenicians. World History International: World History Essays From Prehistory To The Present. Retrieved October 3, 2012, from http://history-world.org/phoenicians.htm

Period, T. (n.d.). The Phoenicians (1500–300 B.C.) | Thematic Essay | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Metropolitan Museum of Art - Home. Retrieved October 3, 2012, from http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/phoe/hd_phoe.htm

Phoenicians @ National Geographic Magazine. (n.d.). National Geographic Magazine. Retrieved October 3, 2012, from http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/ngm/0410/feature2/

The Phoenicians . (n.d.). Phoenicians . Retrieved October 3, 2012, from . The Phoenicians also exported wine, oil, cedar and pine woods, textiles like fine linen, glass, metalwork, salt, and manifactured goods.

Bambar Gascoige. (2012). The phoenicians . Retrieved from http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid

Joil, G. (n.d.). www.lost-civilizations.net. Retrieved from http://www.lost-civilizations.net/phoenicians-history.html

Phoenicia.org. (/9/1). Retrieved from http://phoenicia.org/govern.html Since their strip of land was so small and so near the ocean they turned to the sea as their primary source. They where the most skillful shipbuilders and navigators of their time. From the murex, they obtained a crimson dye called Tyrian purple. A costly dye that only kings and wealthy nobles could afford garments dyed with it.
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