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The effects of cartoons on kids
Transcript of The effects of cartoons on kids
Aliyeva, Aynur. "Hidden Effects of Cartoons on Little Spectators." AzerNews. Azernews, 04 Sept. 2013. Web. 04 Apr. 2015
Chavira, Alex, Kristine Fodor, and Sarah Qin. "Television Cartoons and Socialization."Television Cartoons and Socialization. N.p., 15 Nov. 2012. Web. 06 Apr. 2015
Harrison, Randall P. "How Cartoons Work: The Cartoon Code." How Cartoons Work: The Cartoon Code. Sage Publications, n.d. Web. 05 Apr. 2015.
"HOW A CARTOON IS MADE." HOW A CARTOON IS MADE. Ani-mato J-e, n.d. Web. 05 Apr. 2015.
Hutchison, Courtney, and Abc News Medical Unit. "Watching SpongeBob Squarepants Makes Preschoolers Slower Thinkers, Study Finds." ABC News. ABC News Network, 12 Sept. 2011. Web. 14 Jan. 2015.
Lee, Sander H. "Herr Meets Hare Donald and Bugs Fight Hitler." Herr Meets Hare Donald and Bugs Fight Hitler (2009): I+. Web. 14 Jan. 2015.
Pierson, Ryan. "Project MUSE - On Styles of Theorizing Animation Styles: Stanley Cavell at the Cartoon's Demise." Project MUSE - On Styles of Theorizing Animation Styles: Stanley Cavell at the Cartoon's Demise. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2015
"The Adverse Effects of Cartoons on the Minds of Our Children." Animation World Network. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2015.
Fast Paced vs. Slow Paced
Fast paced cartoons (changes scenes quickly) effect kid's mind by making them
, for example SpongeBob has quite an effect on kids through their switching of scenes (on average switches scenes every 11 seconds). Unlike fast paced, slow paced cartoons (slowly switches scenes) effects kids slower, an example of slow paced cartoons are cartoons from PBS (on average switches scenes two times a minute).
Slow Paced Cartoon
Switches Scenes on average 2 times a minute
Fast Paced Cartoon
on average switches scenes every 11 seconds
Cartoons are still a good resource for kids.
“preschoolers can get help learning the alphabet on public television, school kids can learn about wildlife on nature shows, and parents can keep up with current events by watching evening news. No doubt about it, television can be an excellent educator and entertainer” (Aynur).
Most cartoons have a theme to them that can teach many kids valuable lessons, they can learn how to be fair and nice and solve problem more efficiently.
Cartoons like Dora the explorer, Go Diego Go!, Wild Krats, and the cartoons aired on the PBS channel are all good examples of cartoons that could be great educators for kids.
they are very entertaining:
Many kids want something exciting to watch, not the "boring" old cartoons that have been proven to be good for them, or just have no effect on their minds like more entertaining cartoons.
The voice of SpongeBob, in defense for the negativity the show has gotten, responded in a interview,“you have to keep in mind that these cartoons aren’t meant to be educational, they’re suppose to be
” (abc news).
The pace of some cartoons can keep watchers glued to their screens, but, as proven by Angelne Lillard, fast paced cartoons can have quite a negative effect on kids.
Angeline Lillard's experiment
She gathered a group of four-year olds, and seperated them into two groups. She made the first group watch a slow paced PBS cartoon, and she made the other group watch the fast-paced SpongeBob cartoon. After the group of kids finished watching their assigned cartoon, then they were made to do certain tasks. How well both groups, with the same tasks, did on the tasks will be recorded.
The first group which watched the slow paced PBS cartoon, did significantly better on the tasks that
group of kids were assigned than the group of kids that watched the fast-paced SpongeBob cartoon. This has proven that fast-paced cartoons, not just SpongeBob, in general have such a great effect on kids minds.
Cartoons used as propaganda during WWII
Diney released a short film called
Der Fuhrer’s Face
, with Donald as the main character, but with a change in his personality. Disney used Donald's hot-tempered self to their advantage, in this short film Donald was more obidient and didn't show his hot=tempered personality. During the cartoon, Donald was a resident at Germany, but he was living in horrible conditions; Donald was saluting to Hitler and didn't have one of his many fits. Near the end of the short film Disney revealed that this whole experience was a dream, Donald accidently mistaken his model of the statue of liberty for someone's extended hand saluting Hitler.
Warner Bros. released a short film called
Herr meets Hare
, with Buggs as the main character. They used Bugg's chill attitude to their advantage, when he was inpersinating Hitler he was ragging at the German. They even had a
say that he
Hitler, but when Buggs put on the Hitler disguise the German was pleading for forgiveness. At first Buggs is trying to get to Las Vagas but ends up in Germany, so he then runs into a German hunter and asks him where is Las Vagas; both Buggs and the German were confused, since Germany doesn't have a Las Vagas and Las Vagas isn't in Germany.
a psychologist at the University of Virginia
Children have been injured by imitating cartoons
Kids who watched many cartoons with characters who do dangerous stunts imitate those stunts, so at the end they end up injured. Many psychologists believe that a cartoon “hinders abstract thinking, short-term memory and impulse control in preschoolers” which means it affects how they perform even everyday tasks, how they communicate with others, the way they handle certain situations and what they believe is fun. Dr. Ruebert explains that so many kids “each year fall prey to begin over stimulated by crazed and/or super-powered characters” where they try to mimic all the cool things those characters are doing, but they usually end up injured in some way. Cartoons don't directly tell kids to try the stunts performed by the character (some even say "Don't try this at home") , but kids can't help but want to imitate those characters who do all those cool stunts.
Kids stay glued to the T.V.
Many cartoonists like to make their cartoons entertaining for kids, they can make it filled with action or make them funny. Slow-paced cartoons haven't shown much popularity like fast-paced cartoons, the times they switch scene does make people want to stay and watch or turn it off for being
. Once cartoonist grasp the viewers attention, they can make their focus come to whatever they want them to see. You can bring a viewer’s attention to one place or object by “ sharpening, some items drop out so that the remaining items gather in importance”, and that’s one way cartoonists keep kids (or their viewers in general) interested on the important parts they want their viewers to focus on (Randall). Since
kids have a short attention span, then it wouldn't be hard for them to get a large audience, but staying glued on that screen can damage kid's eyesight having more and more kids get glasses.
Entertaining cartoons proven to be bad!
Fast-paced cartoons affect how kids perform tasks.
Can (indirectly) influence kids to do dangerous stunts
Can (indirectly) make kids more violent.
Keeps kids glued on the screen for hours, which could damage their sight in the future
Use as propaganda during WWII, which made racism a greater thing.
Even if maority of cartoons have a negative effect on kids, we can't help but watch them for being so entertaining, but not all cartoons are like this. Many cartoons are great educators, and can teach kids important lessons on life.
By: Sirenia Corona