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Composition, Shots, And Angles
Transcript of Composition, Shots, And Angles
And Angles! What is Composition? Composition is the combination of different parts or elements to form a whole. Composition in photography is important because it helps the image fit together and look natural. Having bad composition would mean that parts or elements of the image may not fit together or not belong in the image, whereas having good composition would mean that all the parts and elements fit the image well, and they seem to flow and look natural! The Rule of Thirds The Rule of Thirds is a principle in photography that states that when an image is broken down into 9 even boxes, the 4 points that are closest to the center are the best spots to place the subject or points of interest. The lines of the grid are also good places to have details and other points of interest. Studies have shown that the eye can move to these four points the most naturally, and thus the viewer can see the point of focus easily, and view it without it becoming tiresome to look at. Imagine a 3x3 grid, where the 4 apples meet at the intersections. The Diagonal Method The Diagonal Method is an idea that when important objects are placed on one of the four lines bisecting the four corners of the image, those objects hold more importance to the viewer. Artists and photographers, professional and amateur alike, are known to subconsciously place objects that hold significance to them on these lines. The Bull's Eye Bull's eye composition is bad composition! When the main subject of the image is directly in the center of the image, the eye fixates on the center of the image and does not pay attention to the other elements and details of the image. As a result, the eye gets tired and the viewer will lose interest quickly. Very rarely are there exceptions to this composition 'sin'. Shots in Photography Different types of shots are important in photography because each shot is good at portraying a subject in a certain way, and each shot can give very different effects. If every picture used the same type of shot, it would make for very boring photography! Extreme Wide Shot The Extreme Wide Shot is a shot taken from extreme distance, often used for giving a general impression. These are useful for establishing a setting. Wide Shot The Wide Shot (aka Long Shot, Full Shot) is a shot that views the subject’s whole body. The subject is visible with the head close to the top, and the feet close to the bottom. The focus is mainly on the subject, but lots of background detail still shows in the image. This kind of shot is good for giving giving a general impression, but this time, it is on the subject. Mid Shot The Mid Shot shows part of the subject in higher detail, but enough for the viewer to feel like he/she is seeing whole subject. Usually it captures the subject from the waist up, and is used to show scenes of dialogue or details of action. Despite being closer than the Wide Shot, it still retains the same level of comfort the Wide Shot provides. Medium Close Up The Medium Close Up is closer than a Mid Shot and further than a Close Up, but still gives the impression of the whole subject. This kind of shot is used to show the subject’s face more clearly without getting too close. Close Up A Close Up is a shot that concentrates on the subject’s face, feature, or a specific detail. This shot magnifies the subject and shows its importance, and can make for a very intimate(or uncomfortable) picture, making the viewer feel very comfortable or very uncomfortable. Very little background detail is in this shot. Extreme Close Up An Extreme Close Up is a shot that gets very close and shows extreme detail, usually with no background detail at all. This shot tends to show detail beyond what the human eye sees in reality. These shots can be used to create very dramatic effects. Two Shot The Two Shot is similar to the Mid Shot, only it frames two subjects. Good for establishing a relationship between the two subjects you are capturing. Point of View Shot The Point Of View Shot is a shot that shows a view from a subject’s perspective. Can be used for showing actions or a different kind of view of another subject. Over The Shoulder Shot An Over The Shoulder Shot is a shot that is behind a person that is looking at the subject. The 'shoulder' person usually takes up 1/3 of the frame. This shot used mostly to represent conversations. Reverse Angle Shot A Reverse Angle Shot is a shot that is placed opposite of the previous shot. Shots like this can create different perspectives on the subject. It can add dramatic effects, or suggest conversation. Different Angles Different angles in photography can make pictures more interesting to look at. By changing the angle of the image, the lights, shades and patterns can change and give new effects to the appearance of the subject. Angles can give whole new perspectives to the viewer, and can create interesting results. High Angle High Angle is the descriptor given to shots that taken from above the subject. An angle like this can make the subject appear smaller or less significant, as well as make the subject seem to be a part of a larger scheme of things. Bird's Eye The kind of shot that is taken from directly above. This angle can give a very different perspective of things, and somethings can become unrecognizable. This makes the subject appear very small and very insignificant, and the subject can get absorbed into the background. Eye Level Taken at human eye level, this angle makes the viewer feel as if he/she is there. This shot can create a wide variety of effects. Low Angle This angle can appear to increase the height of the subject, and give the viewer a sense of confusion, disorientation, and powerlessness. The added height to the subject can also create fear and insecurity in the viewer. Besides these effects, it can suggest swift motion. Oblique Angle A shot taken at a tilt; makes the image seem unstable, or unbalanced. Popular in horror movies, this shot can suggest a point of view (i.e. monster looking at victim). BYE! Hope you enjoyed this Presentation!