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Anatomy of the Digestive System

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by

fern kavintorn

on 23 November 2015

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Transcript of Anatomy of the Digestive System

Esophagus
Smooth muscle tissue contracts in sequence to produce a peristaltic wave this process is called "Peristalsis"
Teeth
Anatomy of the teeth

Small intestine
Mechanical Digestion : Peristalsis
Chemical Digestion : Digest
Everything
by intestinal juice
Absorbs nutrients
Absorptions
Carbohydrates, Protein, Vitamin B & C
-> Capillary -> Hepatic portal vein -> Hepatic Vein -> Heart
Tongue
Pharynx
Stomach
Mechanical Digestion : Peristalsis
Chemical Digestion : Digest Protein
Absorbs alcohol and medicine
Cells
Oral cavity
Large intestine
Absorbs nutrients
Stores feces before excretion
Types of teeth
Incisor
Canine
Premolar
Molar
20 deciduous teeth in the ratio of 2:0:1:2
32 permanent teeth in the ratio of 2:1:2:3 (often 28 because of wisdom teeth) .
*Ratios of I : C : P : M *
Salivary gland
(Accessory gland)
Serous > Mucous
70% found
Mucous > Serous
5% found
Serous
25% found

Able to taste 5 tastes
* If the parotid gland is infected it could cause mump which leads to male infertility

The process of swallowing
Anatomy of
the digestive system


Parietal cell - HCl
Cheif cell - Proenzyme
Enteroendocrine - Hormones
Mucous cell - Mucous
Epithelium cell (stomach wall)

Lipid, Vitamin A,D,E.K
-> Lymphatic capillary -> Vein -> Heart
Liver
Releases Bile ( a good emulsifier) and stored in gall bladder.
Pancreas
Produces Pancreatic juices
Pancreatic amylase
Trypsinogen, Chymotripsinogen,
Procarboxypeptidase
Lipase
Nuclease

Produces important Hormones
Insulin
Glucagon
Bile contains Liquid, Bile salt, Cholesterol and Bilirubin.
Bilirubin breaks down the product of RBC is the reason why feces are brown
By: Fern Kavintorn .....Presenting to Mr Chao
The End
Thank you
overview
Full transcript