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History & Citizenship: Official Power & Countervailing Powers - British Rule

The Constitutional Act
by

Andrew D'Anna

on 2 April 2013

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Transcript of History & Citizenship: Official Power & Countervailing Powers - British Rule

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__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ Recap: Power during the French Regime The Constitutional Act (1791) 1774 1791 1775-83 Quebec Act American Revolution Constitutional Act In the time between the Quebec Act and the Constitutional Act, many British colonists in North America are upset.

But why? British colonists in Quebec are upset because the Quebec Act let the French keep their language, religion, and law. British colonists in the Thirteen Colonies are upset because the Quebec Act took the land around the Great Lakes and gave it to Quebec. These British subjects keep petitioning England for Quebec to have its own LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY
so they can govern themselves London continuously refuses until in 1791 they agree. Why? Because England no longer wants to pay for the colony. Its war against the American colonies has left it wanting to cut costs.

By letting them have their own LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY, Quebec can tax its own colonists and therefore pay for its own expenses.

This is also Britain's way of thanking the loyalists for fighting with them during the American Revolution. The loyalists want this so that they can undo some of the things done in the Quebec Act So, in 1791, Britain passes the Constitutional Act which grants the colony its own legislative assembly AND divides Quebec in two; Upper and Lower Canada. To make everyone happy, the British applied English law to Anglo Upper Canada and French law to Franco Lower Canada. Even more importantly, now the two Canada's would get an ELECTED assembly to represent each of them! Sovereign Council Appointed
Assembly Elected
Assembly 1663 1763 1791 The beginnings of democracy in Quebec! ... Sort of. First of all... During British Rule... The number of British colonists goes up in Quebec because of: 1 - Quebec belonging to Britain as of 1760 2 - Loyalists fleeing
the American Revolution (1760-1867) Each Canada got their own elected assembly. Although having an elected assembly was a giant step towards democracy, the King still had most of the real power. Limitations of this System The Governor had veto power The appointed Executive
Council was very powerful Women and Blacks could not vote,
only land-owning men Not a paying job,
so only rich could do it Now people in Upper and Lower Canada are happy because they finally have their own government But they will become extremely
frustrated with the limitations Interpret: contemporaryworldlbp@gmail.com = Loyalists ?
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