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Nationalism was a force of both unity and disunity. It caused empires to break apart but also helped states of common people bind together into single nation-states.

Shawn Mengel

on 16 February 2013

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Transcript of Nationalism

1800 1900 1827 Nationalism In 1827, the Ottoman fleet of ships was defeated at the Battle of Navarino by the British, French, and Russians. After the battle, the Ottomans began to retreat out of Greece 1830 In 1830, Greece became an independent nation. This was the result of a treaty made by Great Britain, Russia, and France The Battle of Navarino Also in 1830, nationalist riots started in Brussels, Belgium. These resulted in Belgium declaring its independence from the Dutch in October of 1830 1848 After Metternich's resignation in Austria, many uprisings started across the Austrian Empire. People in Hungary wanted a self-government and people in Prague wanted Bohemian independence. However, these revolts failed to come together as one and all of them ended without making any positive changes to the Austrian government. 1852 In 1852, King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia chose Camillo di Cavour to be his prime minister. Cavour increased Victor Emmanuel II's power by attempting to unify the northern Italian states as part of Sardinia. Nationalism was a force of both unity and disunity. It caused empires to break apart but also helped states of common people bind together into single nation-states. This is a painting by Gustaf Wappers depicting the Belgian Revolution In 1830, some Poles living under Russian rule started an uprising against the Russians. It took place in Warsaw and lasted almost a year until the Russians finally crushed it. This uprising was known as the November Uprising. This image shows some of the fighting for Bohemian independence that occurred in Prague. 1866 In 1866, Prussia beat Austria in the Austro-Prussian war (Seven Weeks' War). This gave Prussia many northern German states and connected the west and east sides of Prussia together. The yellow is the North German Confederation 1894 In 1894, the Ottoman Empire began killing and deporting thousands of Armenians in response to nationalism in Armenia. These acts became known as the Hamidian massacres. Some victims of the massacre Camillo di Cavour 1858 In 1858, Napoleon III agreed to help Sardinia with pushing Austria out of the northern Italian states. In exchange for Napoleon III's help, Sardinia gave France control of Savoy and Nice. From this war with Austria, Sardinia gained control of all of northern Italy except for Venetia. 1860 In 1860, Giuseppe Garibaldi led his army (the Red Shirts) to take over the kingdom of the two Sicilies which covered the southern half of Italy. He then agreed to connect the land he took over with the kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia and allowed Victor Emmanuel II rule over the land. The Unification of Italy The Austro-Prussian War also resulted in the annexation of Venetia. After its annexation, Venetia joined Italy (previously kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia). 1870 In 1870, the Papal States were taken over by Italy. This completed the unification of Italy and Rome was made into the capital of Italy. 1861 In 1861, Wilhelm I took over the Prussian throne. Wilhelm I 1862 In 1862, Wilhelm I chose Otto von Bismarck to become his prime minister. Bismarck's attitude was to do anything to increase Prussia's size and power. Otto von Bismarck 1864 In 1864, Bismarck created an alliance with Austria. They then both went to war with Denmark. The war gave Prussia control of Schleswig and Austria control of Holstein. 1867 In 1867, the rest of the German states from the North German Confederation joined the Prussian Empire. However, some of the southern German states still had not joined Prussia. Bismarck tricked France into declaring war on Prussia on July 19, 1870. This war became known as the Franco-Prussian War. This is the telegraph that was used to trick France. In September 1870, Prussian forces surrounded and defeated the French forces at Sedan. Thousands of French soldiers were taken as prisoners including Napoleon III. Prussia then took control of Paris which ended the war. 1871 On January 18, 1871, Wilhelm I was crowned as kaiser (emperor) of the Second Reich (the German Empire) at the palace at Versailles.
Wilhelm's victory over France stirred up some nationalism in the southern German states causing them to join Prussia. 1815 In 1815, the Congress of Vienna was held to establish a balance of power in Europe. The Congress of Vienna combined nations together to create this balance. This caused nationalistic feelings to grow in the countries and eventually start revolutions. This is a depiction of the Congress of Vienna In Italy, nationalists tried to unite some of the Italian states together. However, some of the states were ruled by Austria which caused Metternich to crush the attempt using the Austrian army. Southern German States A painting of the November Uprising
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