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War in the Ibo Culture

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Evan Durden

on 28 February 2013

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Transcript of War in the Ibo Culture

Warfare in the Ibo Culture By Evan Durden Colonial Period Effect of Colonization Nigerian Civil War The Women's War Abolition of Slavery Arrival of the British Reasons for War Length of War Pre-Colonial Warfare Warfare in the Ibo culture rarely lasted more than a month, as the men who fought in wars were needed to grow crops, build new buildings, and cut down trees. During the colonial period, British officials saw the ending of slavery, which was the way captured enemies were put to use. As a result, inter-tribal war became more deadly, especially combined with the use of guns. The Women's War was sparked after a rumor was spread that women were being used to determine taxation. The conflict saw the destruction of several British tax offices, and several officials were forced to resign. In the colony of Nigeria, many ethnic groups that weren't united before, leading to a majority Muslim North, made of feudal societies, and a Christian and Animist South. The majority of the new nation's oil was in the South as well. The Nigerian Civil war began when the Southeastern portion of Nigeria, which was and still is majority Ibo, seceded from Nigeria in 1967. This lead to a 3 year war. During the war, Nigeria prevented the Red Cross from aiding the people in Biafra (The name the Ibo chose after seceding.), leading to a massive famine. By the end of the war, one million were dead, mostly of malnutrition. In the Ibo tribes, war was only conducted after consultation with a local Oracle, and if they approved, the attacking tribe would then prepare to fight. The reasons for war were many, ranging from land disputes to water and trade. Weapons and Armour The British arrived in the 1800's, bringing with them modern rifles and other gunpowder weapons. The Ibo had limited amounts of guns, mostly muskets, but these were rarely used in warfare. The Ibo put up little resistance, and were quickly brought into the colony of Nigeria. Post-Colonial Warfare Effects of the Civil War The Nigerian Civil War left the Ibo with a large famine, destroyed many cities, and left many families in shambles. Pictures Sources Wikipedia- Pages on Nigerian History, Biafra http://emeagwali.com/photos/biafra/template.html
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