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Transcript of WWII HUNT
How Did Animals Help in the War Effort?
World War II lasted from 1939-1945.
A lot of men were drafted into the war while the women helped in the homefront.
how did animals help in the war effort?
World War II
When war breaks out, human armies often recruit animals to help in the war effort.
During World War II, many animals were enlisted, such as horses, dogs, elephants, pigeons and others.
Here are just some animals:
- Since they had a keen sense of smell, they could sniff out bombs or land mines, locate wounded soldiers, and warn of upcoming attacks.
- They were used to cross flooded rivers and carry supplies. Some elephants were used to plow fields and haul crops on the farms in the home front.
Animals recruited into the war
Animals (pets) were also loyal companions. They gave soldiers a sense of comfort and companionship on the battlefield.
Soldiers and Animals in WWII
The dog, Butch, is on guard while the soldier is taking a nap.
Animals in War
Many animals served in WWII in various ways and sacrificed their lives.
- They were also used to carry heavy loads while the horses were away at war.
- Since dolphins could use echolocation, they were used to locate underwater mines.
- They were used to send messages.
Animals Recruited into the War- part 2
Dogs wore gas masks to keep out the deadly fumes on the battlefield.
Pigeons carried messages in capsules tied to their leg or strapped to their backs.
(Yes, in the beginning of the video it does say WWI, however many of the things that happened in the video also applied to WWII.)
Bibliography and Works Cited
Auel, Lisa. “Buddies Soldiers and Animals in World War II.” National Archives. U.S. National Archives and Records Administration, 1996. Web. 9 Mar. 2015. <http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1996/fall/buddies.html>.
London Media. The collection of photographs shows Alsatians primed and ready for action, left, and on patrol with soldiers, right. DailyMAil.com. Associated Newspapers, 24 Jan. 2013. Web. 11 Mar. 2015. <http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2267674/Pictures-surface-showing-dogs-gas-masks-WWII.html>.
MKratko. “Buddies: Soldiers and Animals in WWII.” YouTube. Google, 14 Oct. 2012. Web. 10 Mar. 2015. <
Pfc. Rez P. Hester of the Marine Corps’ Seventh War Dog Platoon on Iwo Jima takes a nap while Butch stands guard. February 1945. (127-N-110104). National Archives. U.S. National Archives and Records Administration, 1996. Web. 9 Mar. 2015. <http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1996/fall/buddies.html>.
Reillyc. Message capsule attached to pigeon’s leg. Image #3556-A. CECOM Historical Office. WordPress and Carrington, 9 May 2013. Web. 11 Mar. 2015. <http://cecomhistorian.armylive.dodlive.mil/2013/05/09/memorable-pigeons-of-wwii/>.
Roller, Emma. “The Other War Heroes: Animals That Served Their Countries.” Slate. Slate Group, 11 Nov. 2013. Web. 9 Mar. 2015. <http://www.slate.com/blogs/wild_things/2013/11/11/animals_at_war_dolphins_dogs_elephants_glow_worms_and_carrier_pigeons.html>.
Rosenthal, Joe. “Flag Raising at Iwo Jima.” AcePilots.com. AcePilots.com, Dec. 2002. Web. 12 Mar. 2015. <http://acepilots.com/ww2/pictures.html>.
WarArchives. “Animals in War (WWI) - a tribute.” YouTube. Google, 8 Nov. 2012. Web. 11 Mar. 2015. <http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=I_L5tQerJwA>.