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The Roaring Twenties
Transcript of The Roaring Twenties
Entertainment: Vaudeville, Film(Talkies), & Radio
Vaudeville was home to people of great talent and were able to keep the audience's attention for a long time. Entertainers such as acrobats, singers, dancers, & comedians. It was the best well known form of entertainment in America during the time.
Of course, during the 1920's there weren't many T.V's. Therefore, people would listen to their radios. People were able to listen to the news, live comedy shows, music, and drama. Nearly three million people owned radios by 1923.
During the 1920's people were fascinated by movie theaters. They called them "picture palaces". Theaters not only had movies played but also plays and dramas, and entertainers. The theaters also had ushers who would actually usher you to your seat.
Flappers, Clothing, & Hairstyles
During the 1920's, women began using the technique of shingling and layering their hair. They wore their hair into short curls or finger waves, in which then turned into "The Bob".
Along with women shortening their hair, styling of clothing changed also. The 1920's put an end to people wearing bustles or corsets and gave fashion designers the freedom of expression in their own clothing. Women wore lighter, brighter, and shingled dresses that stopped at mid Knee. Layered stockings were popular and fur.
The term "Flapper" is a stereo type of a woman with short layered or bobbed hair with a silk or sequined cap, small waist woman wearing shingled bright dress, dramatic makeup, stockings, and stylish shoes.
Men's Fashion: Suits, Ties, Sportswear, & Shoes
Men during the 1920's , young and old wore three- piece suits for work and regular everyday business. These suits gave men the look of being muscular with broad shoulders.
Due to the popularity of golf and tennis, people began wearing stylish sweaters called Isle sweaters with plus-fours or plus-sixes, which were pants that were categorized by how far the pants fell below the knee. Also, they wore v-neck sweaters and white trousers.
Men along with women put away wearing their everyday black and brown boots everywhere they went. Now, men wore cap toe lace up boots. These shoes were different because they were comfortable and were able to be worn to work and was able to be worn with almost any outfit.
Inventions: The Lie Detector, The Robot, & The Band-Aid
Invented in 1921 by John Larson was the first Lie Detector. This advanced and updated device was a great deal of help with police interrogation and investigations.
Also invented in 1921 was The Robot. Karel Capek made the work "robot" famous through an Czech playwright. The definition of a robot is, "an automatic device that performs functions normally ascribed to humans".
Used almost any time we have a slight cut or scratch, people have used band-aids to secure their wounds for many years. The inventor, Earle Dickson created this idea for women who stayed at home and worked the kitchen all day long and would get cuts on their fingers.
Al Capone, Bootlegging, Bumpy Johnson, & Harlem
Born into poverty in Brooklyn, New York City, Alphonse Capone also known as "Scarface" became one of the biggest infamous gangsters in history for organizing crimes.
Bootlegging which is the illegal transportation or sale of alcoholic beverages.
Ellesworth Raymond Johnson known as "Bumpy" was a well known American mob boss in Harlem, New York City.
Born on April 29 in 1899, Duke Ellington was a pianist, song writer and conductor. He composed over a thousand hand written songs for the stage, screen, and also contemporary songbooks. His career lasted over 50 years.
Born on the fourth of August in 1901, Louis Armstrong well known for writing the song, "What a Wonderful World" was a trumpet player, singer, soloist, comedian, and film star.
Well known as the "First Lady of Song". Ella was the most popular female jazz singer in the U.S for over half a century. She sold over 40 million albums and won a total of 13 Grammy Awards.
Famous People : Charlie Chaplin
Comedian Charlie Chaplin was a british actor during the twentieth century silent-film era.
Born April 16, 1889 Chaplin was abandoned by his father who was a drunk and was left to live with his mother who was a vaudevillian and hall dancer and his brother. Charlie had always been open to the spotlight of the stage and was always eager to put smiles on other peoples' faces.He was able to turn the audience's attention away from the world's issues for a few moments and bring joy.
Famous People: Henry Ford
Henry Ford didn't exactly create the automobile although he did transform it into an innovation that changed the twentieth century. Henry Ford also revolutionized the assembly line modes of production for the automobile.
Famous People: Joan Crawford
United States film actress, dancer, and pin-up Joan Crawford was born March 23, 1905.
Joan started off as a young childhood dancer and actress. She was one of Hollywood's most praised stars during the twentieth century.
The 1920's was best known as baseball's Golden Age.One reason was because of Babe Ruth, another is because radios were popular so people would listen to baseball games on the radio, plus the Negro Leagues had just begun.
Boxing became overwhelmingly popular during the 1920's because of the big boom of money that was going everywhere in America. People were looking for entertainment in which they could give up their money just to watch. Plus, the new titles called the "Junior Lightweight" and "Junior Welterweight" began taking place. Rules were being switched around and also taken out.
Well known women's rights activist Alice Paul was born January 11, 1885 in Moorestown, New Jersey. Alice dedicated mostly her whole life to the fight for women's rights. She was part of the NWP (National Women's Party).Also was the key push for the Nineteenth Amendment.
Lucy Burns was the co-founder of the Congressional Union and the National Women's Party along with women's rights activist Alice Paul. She too dedicated and risked her life for the rights of all women. She was a protestor, went on hunger strikes, and was arrested.
Mary Church Terrell
Mary Church Terrell was a women's rights suffragist and the first president of the National Association of Colored Women. She was born in Memphis, Tennessee September 23, 1863.
The Charleston (1923)
The origin of this dance traces back to Blacks who lived on an island off the coast of Charleston, North Carolina. This dance has always been performed in African American neighborhoods since 1903 but had not become popular until 1923 because of the song "The Charleston" By James P. Johnson.
By: Ciara Williams
Foxtrot & Black Bottom
The Foxtrot is known as the easiest but the most entertaining and fun dance during the 1920's. It was simply just the way and fashion of walking through simple dance steps. There was almost no right or wrong to the dance.
Black Bottom was originally from New Orleans and worked its way to New York. It was mostly famous in the South.
During the 1920's, African Americans migrated to Northern cities and created a new social and cultural landscape. Famous writers such as Jean Toomer, Langston Hughes, and Rudolf Fisher served as mentors. The Harlem Renaissance first known as the "New Negro Movement" was like the cultural revolution which was centered in Harlem, New York City.
Scopes Monkey Trial
During the year of 1925, a well educated man named John Scopes who was a teacher was convicted and also fined $100 for teaching evolution. Which made this trial so intriguing and popular is because of the clash between modernism and and traditional acts during the 1920's.