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Writing Short Constructed Responses

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by

Colleen Flower

on 18 March 2014

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Transcript of Writing Short Constructed Responses

Teaching Short Constructed Responses
Standards RI 8.1, RI 8.6, W8.2b
Author's Purpose
Central Idea
Making Inferences, citing text evidence with analysis.
Look at what you have underlined.
What does all this evidence tell us about why the author wrote the article?
See what I have underlined and written. This is what helps me to determine my claim.
Model making a claim.
What was the author's purpose in writing this article in the Los Angeles Times? (RI 8.6)

What are they asking? What am I supposed to do? Write the question in your own words...
How do I understand the question?
Shark attacks rise sharply in Hawaii
By Los Angeles Times,

What does the title tell me? What do the headings tell me? What does the graph show me? What do the pictures show?
Read with purpose
Use pictures, text features.
This is a three part model.
Model: Show students how you make meaning of text, questions, and how you construct a response
What is the question asking me? How can I put it into my own words?
Read text with annotations. How do I annotate? How do I read with purpose?
How do I make a claim? How do I find text details to support my claim? How do I explain how the details match my claim?
Let's read the article.

How do I annotate text and find text details?
I will write down important ideas.
I will underline details that might help me determine author's purpose.
Teaching Text Based Questions
Ways to teach and write short constructed response questions to build capacity on a teaching team...
The author wants us know that shark attacks have increased in Hawaii and that biologists aren't sure why.
What evidence did I underline that matches my claim?
How can I explain my evidence?
The author's purpose for writing, "Shark Attacks Rise Sharply in Hawaii" in
The Los Angeles Times
is to show that shark attacks have increased in Hawaii.
In the article, a man named Dececco and his daughter see an 8 ft. tiger shark on the same beach in Makena National Park, which had swimmers running out of the water. They had also seen a reef shark earlier in the day. In 2013, they also mention how two people died at this same park; one was a snorkeler from Germany and the other was a kayaker from Washington state.

All of these examples show how sharks are becoming a greater problem.


Let's analyze an anchor paper...
Question:
There is an increase in sharks in recent years but biologists and residents don't agree about the causes of the increase. Hawaii native Lorraine Alesna believes that the sharks are coming to eat the baby turtles that are hatching but biologist, Carl Meyer, thinks it is because there is an increase in the number of tourist for sharks to attack. There are more surfers and fisherman than ever before. Still others, believe that sharks are just hungrier because there is less of a supply of food for them. Whatever the cause, the sharks are attacking more frequently and this is a problem. Residents and biologists needs to continue to study tiger sharks to discover why there is an increase in the attacks.
Why are there more shark attacks in recent years?
There is an increase in sharks in recent years but biologists and residents don't agree about the causes of the increase.

Hawaii native Lorraine Alesna believes that the sharks are coming to eat the baby turtles that are hatching but biologist, Carl Meyer, thinks it is because there is an increase in the number of tourist for sharks to attack. There are more surfers and fisherman than ever before. Still others, believe that sharks are just hungrier because there is less of a supply of food for them.
Whatever the cause, the sharks are attacking more frequently and this is a problem. Residents and biologists needs to continue to study tiger sharks to discover why there is an increase in the attacks.
Claim-blue
Text Evidence- pink
Explanation/Analysis- green
Scaffolded Practice:
Have students practice making inferences and gathering evidence in partner work...
Highlight-
Claim in blue

Text Evidence in pink

Explanation in green
More Scaffolding:
Carousel Brainstorming
Write claims on chart paper (each piece with a different claim.)
Have students work in pairs and write evidence to match claims.
Have them go around a second time. Next time, they write explanations for evidence.
Have them now write a short constructed response based on the ideas in the brainstorm.
Teacher Model:
Research to support:

Lucy Calkins test prep unit- www.tcrwp.com
Heather Lattimer's
Thinking Through Genre
- Defining the elements of your genre.
Kate Roberts at Columbia Teacher College Saturday Reunion- using color for engagement.
Have students that don't understand how to provide text details or analysis practice using "Evidence based terms..."

What was done well?
Write an anchor chart that defines the elements of a short constructed response
Read the article and answer the question.

What was the author's purpose in writing this article in the Los Angeles Times? (RI 8.6) Include
two
text based details to support your answer.
Full transcript