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The Domesday Book
Transcript of The Domesday Book
2. Who held it in the time of King Edward (in 1066)?
3. Who holds it now (in 1086)?
4. How many hides are there (what is its tax assessment)?
5. How many plough (team)s on the demesne (local lord’s own land) and among the men (rest of the village)?
6. How many free men, sokemen, villans, cotta[ge]rs, slaves?
7. How much woodland, meadow, pasture, mills, fisheries?
8. How much has been added to or taken away from the manor?
9. How much was the whole worth (1066) and how much now (1086)?
10. How much had or has each freeman and each sokeman?
And whether more can be had than is had How was it written up? The Great Doomsday Book was written up by one scribe and checked by another and the Little Doomsday Book was written by six scribes. The scribe(s) had to rule out every line before they started working and every letter had to by perfectly shaped and easy to read. When you see red lines through word it means the scribe was highlighting a word not crossing it out. The Great Doomsday Book was made from nine hundred sheep skins. These were soaked in a lime solution and scraped to remove the animal hairs. The skins were then stretched over a wooden frame and left to dry to make parchment. When it came to writing tools, the scribe wrote with a quill made from a goose feather. These quills had a tip that was broad and slanted like the blade of a chisel. The ink that was used in the Doomsday book was made from oak gall. These are little brown growths on oak trees that are caused by insects or fungus. The ink would have dried black but over the years It has faded brown. The scribe also used red ink; this was made from red lead. The red ink was used for headings or to underline names or important pieces of information. Stage 2 Then Royal Commissioners would be assigned to the different circuits Stage 3 Next the tenants-in-chief or sheriffs would conduct the first survey Stage 4 After the second survey would be carried out Stage 1 In Mid January 1086 the survey begun. The kingdom was broken up into circuits Stage 5 The results of the survey
would be sent to the kings advisors Stage 6 the results of the survey were written into the two volumes of the Domesday Book Why was it written in Latin? Latin was used for government documents. It was also the language of the church. All church services were in Latin and bibles were also written in Latin. Since the scribe for the Doomsday Book was a churchman and it was made for the king’s government, it was written in. How useful is the Doomsday Book to historians today? For historians seeking factual information about land and the costs in William the Conquerers time , the Domesday Book was very useful. It shows us how hard life was for the villagers/peasants and how little they had to live on. It also shows us exactly how much land each tenant-in-chief was given. It even shows us how much things costed in 1066 copared to 1086. What problems are there with Doomsday Book to historians? The Doomsday Book showed us a lot but didn’t show us everything. It doesn’t show us how many people lived in England. Only the heads of household were listed. That means no children, monks, nun or people who lived in castles. Major cities such as Winchester and London are left out. Finally , it does not show us what ordinary people thought, what their homes were like, or what clothes they wore.
Conclusion The Domesday Book recorded;
1. What people owed
2. What people owned
3. How much there possesions were worth
The Domesday Book DID NOT record
1. Some towns like London and Winchester
2. What people thought
3. What people wore
The Survey for the Domesday Book started in 1086
The Great Domesday Book was never finished
The Domesday Book was very much valued, loved and hated