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Titanic Historical Literature Project
Transcript of Titanic Historical Literature Project
By: Deborah Hopkinson Synopsis of the Book Titanic: Voices from the Disaster recounts the tragic story of the Titanic's maiden voyage and the sinking of the unsinkable ship. It includes the accounts from passengers on the Titanic that lived through the unthinkable, and includes pictures and artifacts that lend to the emotional tale. It includes the boarding of the ship, the first few days in which passengers took part in dining, games, and happy conversation. It then recounts the hitting of the iceberg and the sinking, all told by various passengers of different social classes and circumstances. It recounts the peril of the lifeboats and those that were lucky enough to survive the disaster. It also reveals their arrival in New York and their lives after the sinking. From a student perspective, this book was intriguing and eye-opening to the true tragedy that occurred so long ago. It gave me a feeling of sorrow and empathy for those affected and those that lost all that they had. From a teacher perspective, I see so many thematic elements that could be utilized in the classroom that would broaden the minds and perspectives of my students. I would present this book to middle school students in 7th or 8th grade, as it is very real and is graphic content for younger children. It would help students to get a glimpse into history and a disaster that they may have heard of but don't know the specifics. It would also help them to see the struggle of life and how various factors affect the lives and behaviors of the human race. Connections Men standing under one of the propellers of the Titanic The Titanic before its maiden
voyage Edward Smith, the captain of the RMS Titanic All photos found in:
Titanic: Voices from the Disaster
by: Deborah Hopkinson This book addresses the theme of Individual Development and Identity, as it reveals many walks of life and how factors around people affect their identity and how they act in various circumstances. It covers a few standards from the Oklahoma C3 Standards for Social Studies. It includes social studies literacy and analyzing a work of literature and primary sources for exploration. It also includes standards that address cultural studies and the human interactions. This book could be utilized in many social studies activities. Students could dress up as people of the Titanic and share various stories in order to learn different stories from the Titanic's history. They could also work in groups to look at various themes in the book and do a project in which they find examples of this theme and how it relates to society today. I would also utilize it for students to research the Titanic further and see how it has impacted the world today and how the survivors have impacted society. This text is a great way for students to mix literature and social studies and learn more about the history of this event, how it impacted society, and how it relates to societal issues that still affect us today. This book could be utilized in social studies, literature, and science. They could look at cultural perspectives, literature perspectives, or even scientifically how the ship was put together and how it sank with the iceberg. It would be a great way for students to explore this event in a variety of ways. Historical Figures and Vocabulary Historical Accuracy Diagram of the RMS TItanic NCSS Central Theme:
and Identity Factors that contribute to how
-social expectations Courage in the face
of fear How pressure
affects a persons behavior and interactions Literary Themes: perspective
cause and effect
nonfiction How class and
family life affects a person's identity and personal development Thematic Exploration for Titanic: Voices from the Disaster Timeline Of Events: April 2-18, 1912 6:00 am: Titanic begins sea trials
8:00 pm: Titanic leaves Belfast for Southampton April
10 Titanic reaches Southampton around midnight 12:00 pm: Titanic sets sail on her maiden voyage April
3 Ice warnings are received throughout the day
11:40: Lookout Frederick Fleet spots an iceberg
11:50 pm: In the first 10 minutes, water rises and the first 5 compartments are flooded April
14 12:00 am: Thomas Andrews tells Captain Smith that the ship is doomed
12:15 am: Ships begin to receive distress signals
12:40 am: First lifeboat is launched
2:20 am: Titanic Sinks
4:10 am: Carpathia picks up the first lifeboat
8:50 am: Carpathia leaves the site for New York 9:00 pm: Carpathia
arrives in New York April
18 Good Events Bad events April
15 Important Quotes ."The Titanic was wonderful, far more splendid and huge than I had dreamed of. The other craft in the harbor were like cockle shells beside her, and they, mind you, were the boats of the American and other lines that a few years ago were thought enormous"
Hopkinson, 24 ."But as Jack learned that night, nothing in life is truly certain" Hopkinson, 47 ."Ole was torn. Unlike his friends and relatives, he understood English. He has experience at sea. He could easily have spoken up. And it might be his only chance to live. What should he do? In the end, loyalty to his companions won out." Hopkinson, 198 ."...and even then, he understood that his life would never be the same. 'I think we all realized that time may be measured more by events than by seconds and minutes; what the astronomer would call 2:20 am, April 15, 1912, the survivors called 'the sinking of the Titanic;" Hopkinson, 197 "The events of the Titanic disaster can be seen as a symbol of what happens through overconfidence in technology, complacence, and a mindset of profits over people's safety. The tragedy also reveals much about the society and class structure of the time. While the formal findings did not conclude that the third class passengers were the victims of intentional discrimination, the statistics of the disaster, where more people in third class died in any other, fell a more sobering story. In some cases, entire families- mothers, fathers, and children- in third class, perished" Hopkinson, 217 Reflective Narrative ."Lawrence Beasley remembered the bravery of those men, who knew they had no chance of reaching the surface, let alone getting into a lifeboat...to know all of these things and yet to keep the engines going that the decks might be lighted to the last moment, required sublime courage." -pg. 129 *."The most heartrending part of the whole tragedy was the failure, right after the Titanic sank, of those boats in which were only partially loaded, to pick up the poor souls in the water...there they were, only four or five hundred yards away, listening to the cries, and still they did not come back." -pg. 153 This book connects with my life as I have seen the movie and various findings from the Titanic and have heard accounts from different sources. It is interesting to think about the movie and the real event and compare/contrast them. I feel that although students may not know anyone in this piece of history or be connected to it, they could still connect through the book and exploration of the characters in the book. We could also connect it to life today by researching the lives of the survivors and their legacy. Captain E.J. Smith: captain of the Titanic
Ole Abelseth: a third class immigrant from Norway to survive
Lawrence Beesley: science teacher that was saved
Harold Bride: Junior wireless operator on the RMS Titanic
Margaret "Molly" Brown: became the chair of the survivors committee
Charlotte Collyer: survived with her young daughter
Frankie Goldsmith: nine year old third class survivor
J. Bruce Ismay: manager of White Star Lines, was known for being a coward when he jumped into a lifeboat, leaving hundreds to die.
Charles Herbert LIghtoller: the most senior surviving officer of the Titanic
vocabulary: most of the vocabulary in this book are terms related to the ship and the various parts to the ship, such as the stern, bridge, forepeak, and starboard. This book contained the perspective of various passengers, crew members, and people from the outside as to how the incident occurred and how it shaped society in the future. Sinking of the
RMS Titanic on
April 15, 1912 Titanic the movie, made by James Cameron, swept the nation and brought people's attention to the tragedy Connected to
the history of immigration and cultural movements Made the connection between Europe and America and people's lives Still a valuable
piece of history that people study and gain insight and wisdom from. The distress signal sent from the Titanic to other ships after it struck the iceberg
found: Titanic: Voices from the Disaster
by: Deborah Hopkinson The living room in which the first
class passengers gathered to dine
and be together
found: Titanic: Voices from the Disaster
by: Deborah Hopkinson This is a photo of the Titanic's
submerged Stern at the bottom of the Atlantic as discovered in 1985 by
Dr. Robert Ballard
titanicuniverse.com "...he was too young to realize that what was happening would change his life forever." Hopkinson, 125 This article talked about the bravery of the band and how they had played up through the final moments of the Titanic's sinking for the guests to enjoy.
found: http://www.newseum.org/news/2012/04/the-titanic-sinks.html This is a letter recovered that was written by
Chief Officer Henry Wilde to a couple of friends describing the ship and how he hoped to show it to them on his return.
found: http://www.npr.org/2012/04/14/150571021/history-lost-and-found-a-letter-from-titanic Hopkinson, D. (2012). Titanic: Voices from the disaster . New York : Scholastic Book Company I found all of this information to be true based upon various sources. Based on the Encyclopedia Brittanica's website, which is a very highly-credited source, all of the information is correct. Also, I went to the website of the Titanic world museum and read about the biographies of the survivors, which helped to see the perspectives that were shown in the book, while also seeing into other lives that were lost. The author of this book gained various insights from researchers and Titanic historians as well. Articles printed before and after the sinking of the Titanic. All sources found at www.loc.gov Map of the Titanic's Maiden Voyage and Site of Sinking