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Ania, Justyna i Olga

Estonia by Anna, Justyna and Olga

Grzegorz Tyron

on 6 January 2015

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Transcript of Ania, Justyna i Olga

Anna Dzida
Justyna Płachno
Olga Tyroń

Estonia lies in the north-eastern part of Europe, on eastern coast of the Baltic sea. The area of the country takes 45 000 km² and it borders with Russia and Latvia. The capital city is Tallin. In the whole country live about 1 583 of people. Estonia is typical lowland country – the highest hill Suur Munamägi measures 318 meters above the sea level. Estonia is the land of lakes, which take 30% of area. Temperature there is quite low – about -5°C in winter and about 17°C in summer.
Political system
Estonia is a democratic country with multi-party parliament. The head of nation is a president, who’s elected by parliamentarians for four years’ presidency. Since 2006, the position of president has been tenuring by Toomas Henrik Ilves. The constituent power is welded by 101members of unicameral parliament Riigikogu and the executive power is exercised by government.
The most popular souvenir from Estonia is liqueur Vana Tallinn.
The official name of Estonia is the ‘Republic of Estonia’.
The Estonian language is ranked as one of the toughest European languages to learn.
Majority of the population in Estonia is Evangelical Lutheran, followed by Russian Orthodox and Eastern Orthodox.
The official language of Estonia is Estonian, while Russian is also spoken widely.
There is no dearth of palaces, cobbled roads and manor houses in Estonia.
Tartu is the cultural capital of Estonia, while Parnu is its summer capital.

Useful phrases
- Tervist. 
How are you?
- Kuidas käsi käib? 
Ok, thanks.
- Tänan, hästi. 
What is your name?
- Mis on teie nimi? 
My name is…
. -  Minu nimi on... . 
Nice to meet you.
- Meeldiv teid kohata. 
- Palun. 
- Tänan. 
You are welcome.
- Palun. 
I am sorry.
- Vabanda. 
Munamagi (Egg Mountain) is the highest point (elevation 318 m) in Estonia. It is also the highest point in the entire Baltic region.
The first, public Christmas tree in Estonia was placed in the old town square in Tallinn, in the year 1441.
Did you know that Estonians do not know what a traffic jam is? They have never had one in this small country!
Estonia is home to over 1500 small islands.
Each year, on 24th December, the President of Estonia, proclaims Christmas peace and takes part in a mass.
Estonia has the highest number of meteorite craters per land area in the world.
Estonia is one of the most sparsely populated countries in Europe.

One of the popular delicacies of Estonia is grilled or marinated bear. Bear meat is legal in this country.
Tartu, a popular student town in the country, is ranked as one of the most popular university towns around the world.
Estonia was the first country in the world to introduce online political voting
Estonia won the Eurovision Song Contest in 2001 with the song called “Everybody”
There are over 1500 Islands, 1000 lakes and 7000 rivers in Estonia
Estonia is the world’s least religious country.  Only 14% of the population profess any religious beliefs
Lake Peipsi is Estonia’s largest lake and Europe’s fourth largest freshwater lake.
Useful phrases
- Jah. 
- Ei. 
Good bye
. - Head aega. 

I can’t speak [good] Estonian.
- Ma ei räägi [palju] eesti keelt. 

Do you speak English?
- Kas te räägite inglise keelt? 

- Aidake! 
Useful phrases
Good morning.
- Tere hommikust. 
Good evening.
 - Tere õhtust. 
Good night.
 - Head ööd. 
I don’t understand.
- Ma ei saa aru. 
Where is the toilet?
- Kus on tualett? 
I need your help.
- Ma vajan teie abi. 
- nüüd 
In the morning
- nommik 
In the afternoon
- pärastlõuna 

Useful phrases
In the evening
- õhtu 
At night
 - öö 
- kesköö 
- eile 
- homme 
- hommikusöök 
- õuna(söök) 
- õhtusöök 
How much does it cost?
- Kui palju see maksab? 
Culture of Estonia
Family structure
Estonian family life is nowadays centered around the nuclear family. Members of an extended family typically live apart, and youth seek independence and typically move from their parents' residence around the age of twenty.
Culture of Estonia
Food and drink
Historically, the cuisine of Estonia has been simple peasant food, which today is influenced by many countries, thus including many typical international foods. the most typical foods in Estonia are black bread, herring & sour cream, pork, potatoes and milk-related products. Estonians themselves have considered blood sausage (verivorst) and sauerkraut as the "typical Estonian foods", but these are mostly eaten during Christmas.
Culture of Estonia
Sport plays an important role in Estonian culture. Estonia first competed as a nation IN the 1920 Summer Olympics, although the National Olympic Committee was established in 1923. Estonian athletes took part IN every Olympic Game until the country was annexed by the Soviet Union in 1940. The 1980 Summer Olympics sailing regatta was held in the capital city Tallinn. Estonia has won most of its Olympic medals in weightlifting , wrestling, and cross-country skiing.
Festivities, holidays and traditions
Estonian holidays are mostly based on the Western Christian calendar and Protestant traditions.
Notable among these is Jaanipäev, the Estonian Midsummer, which involves seeking one's way to non-urban environments, burning large bonfires ("jaanilõke"), and participating in the drunken revelry of Jaaniõhtu. Part of the "Jaaniõhtu" tradition is that almost near the morning, when the bonfire ("jaanilõke") has burned off and only ashes are glowing, a component of Estonian traditional food, potatoes, are dug into the ground, right under the ashes, into the remains of the bonfire. After a few hours, when the potatoes have been cooked under the glowing ashes, the potatoes are dug up, peeled and eaten, while they are still hot.
Festivities, holidays and traditions
The midsummer traditions also include different versions of pairing magic, such as collecting a number of different kinds of flowers and putting them under one's pillow, after which one is meant to see one's future spouse in one's dreams. Another "jaaniõhtu" related tradition is the seeking of bugs called "jaaniuss".
The Estonian Christmas, Jõulud, is generally in line with the Northern and Central European traditions of Christmas trees, Advent calendars, and traditional meals, involving a number of dishes that are typically only eaten on Christmas. Christmas is the most extensive, appreciated, and commercialized holiday in Estonia. The Holidays start from December 23rd, and continue through Christmas Eve (24th) and Christmas Day (25th). In schools and in many workplaces, vacation continues until New Years Day.
Estonian Independence Day is the 24th of February and it is a national holiday.
Estonia is one of the least religious countries in the world, with only 14% of the population declaring religion an important part of their daily life.
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