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FYS Food Prezi Project

Food and the 21st Century

Danielle Richards

on 14 December 2012

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Transcript of FYS Food Prezi Project

Food in the 21st Century Lauren Lituchy
Danielle Richards Introduction Factory Farms
Food Industries
Alternative Solutions: Landfills & Environmental Impact Food Waste Legislation confinement systems
abuses that disrupt natural life processes
over use of drugs
no sun, exercise, fresh air
conscious while slaughtered Leakage from landfills into bodies of water create toxic conditions for both humans and animals alike.
Waste, and industrial waste in particular, represents a health hazard, due to its content in toxic substances such as heavy metals (lead, cadmium), pesticides, solvents, and used oils. The environmental impact of food disposal is significant.
The decomposition of food and other organic waste in landfills produces methane, a greenhouse gas 23 times more damaging to the environment than carbon dioxide.
Landfills are the largest human-related source of methane in the United States, accounting for 34 percent of all methane emissions
it has also been calculated that Americans throw out approximately $165 billion dollars worth of food each year. Sustainable agriculture is a way of raising food that is healthy for consumers and animals, does not harm the environment, is humane for workers, respects animals, provides a fair wage to the farmer, and supports and enhances rural communities. Hungry for more???? Dairy Industry Female cows sent to dairy farms and separated from their young
they are artificially impregnated to continually produce surplus milk to meet human demand
they are genetically manipulated to produce 4.5 times as much milk as they would in nature
Canada and Europe have banned the use of BGH growth hormone yet the US has not
BGH hormone creates health problems in both humans and cows. Ex: cows can get mastitis disease
killed after 4-5 years where cows have a natural life span of 25 years Cattle Industry Conversely, male cows are used for meat
one year after the calf is born, he is sent to a feedlot to be fattened up
fed an unnatural diet of corn/grain products instead of grass
prone to stomach, gas, and respiratory problems from unnatural diet and chemicals in the air from their waste Egg Industry male chicks killed because they cannot produce eggs
the typical cage for hens is 67 inches of space
"cage free" label is advertised on egg cartons and believed to be better conditions
yet, cage free still crowded, dirty, and abusive
USDA loophole: “[hens] may be temporarily confined for reasons of health, safety, the animal’s stage of production or to protect soil or water quality” and still be considered cage free loophole usually taken advantage of
farmers manipulate the amount of light and food the hen receives to shock her system into believing it is continuously spring (egg laying season), thus continuously laying eggs (2-3 times more eggs produced than in nature) family farms
locavore movement
Chipotle Family Farms: today, out of 2 million farms, there are only about 500,000 family farms that exist
according to the USDA between 1974 and 2002, the number of cooperate owned US farms increased by 46%
these farmers treat their animals with more respect
more conscious of environmental effects because they live off the land incentivizing them to preserve the land
also supports small businesses which are being eliminated more frequently today Local DID YOU KNOW: the typical carrot travels 1838 miles to reach your dinner table?
locavore movement: the encouragement of eating local foods and supporting local the economy
factory farms require transportation, packaging, and processing of food, which adds more fossil fuels into the atmosphere
gallons of CO2 would be saved from fuel, and paper and plastic would not be wasted to preserve the food during transport
longer transportation means longer shelf time the longer the food is not eaten, the more it loses its nutritional value, buying local cuts out transportation time
supporting local farms through places like farmers markets also allow farmers to keep more money per item sold thus receiving a higher profit Chipotle "food with integrity" movement: only support farms that treat their animals humanely and supports family and local farms
For example: Chipotle does not buy pork from factory farms, and the chickens are antibiotic free and fed a vegetarian diet, etc.
example for future: if more restaurants followed this business plan, it would drive factory farms out of business because many are only supported by big chain restaurants like KFC or McDonalds
According to Chipotle's founder Steve Ells: the better tasting, higher quality food "brings people back", even though it costs more money for the consumer and company What can be done to solve this problem? Recycle! Half the objects in landfills can be sent to recycling plants for reuse.
Think about the animals! Landfills take up more and more space every year taking away species natural habitat.
Reduce and Reuse! Consider reading your newspaper electronically or buying a reusable water bottle. Also try composting to put the nutrients from your food back into the environment companies prevent legislation from coming in between a profit
Farm Bill: provides government funds to farmers yet this bill usually favors factory farms
Corporations do not pay for better environmental conditions within their company, the EQIP (the Environmental Quality Incentives Program) does meaning environmental protection does not come from the company’s profit
the government spends billions on subsidies to corn and grain to compensate the farmers for the overabundance in the market
Agribusiness: businesses involved in the food industry (ex. Monsanto Company)
many Agribusinesses will fund political campaigns for politicians with power over the food industry Specific Legislation H.R. 965/S. 1211: The Preservation of
Antibiotics for Medical Treatment Act: Labels USDA Certified: evaluated by the USDA
Grass Fed: cows fed grass instead of corn or grain products, preventing diseases
Natural: no artificial ingredients or added color
No Antibiotics: raised without antibiotics
No Hormones: only applies to beef industry
Organic: fed organic feed and does not use antibiotics or hormones
The USDA also has a monopoly over the nutrition labels on the food (creates a conflict of interest) Poultry Industry Broiler Chickens: used for meat
40,000 birds live in windowless shed
In nature, chickens live comfortably in group of 90 to allow space and a social order
chickens face eye, respiratory, and immune system diseases from ammonia levels in the air
According to a 2006 "Consumer Reports": 83% of grocery store bought chicken tested positive for salmonella or other bacteria
chickens are given four times as much antibiotics than given to humans or cattle
they are genetically modified to gain an unnatural, large amount of weight in a short amount of time
their legs cannot hold the extra weight and some may lose the ability to walk Breeder Chickens: give birth to broiler chickens
breeder chickens live in the same inhumane conditions
yet, they live on the farm for a year, which is longer than broiler chicken's lifespan
more susceptible to diseases because they live longer
starved of food to lessen weight gain Slaughterhouse and Processing abusive practices in the slaughterhouse as well
In 2005, over 80% of the country’s beef was processed by the same 4 corporations, making meat industries very powerful
By not properly “processing” the cow, the meat can become contaminated with bacteria such as E Coli and Salmonella and risks mad cow disease
Diseases also spread because companies try to increase the speed of processing, they are less diligent allowing unsanitary practices to occur
USDA also has weak regulations over the plants because the corporations are so powerful and because it takes a long time for action to be taken against them after an unsanitary practice is discovered
it is estimated that food borne illnesses effect 76 million Americans each year and this number would be reduced if more sanitary means were taken within the slaughterhouse and processing plants Monsanto Company Monsanto is the first company to genetically modify a plant cell making them the leading producer of genetically modified seed and “Roundup” weed killer
Monsanto gets a lot of money from farmers through enforcing the patents on their products because farmers cannot save seeds to plant for the next harvest, which is a common farming practice or when Monsanto's seeds blow over to another farm
these seeds are resistant to Roundup which allows farmers to plant more seeds closer to each other without worrying about killing the plant
Monsanto has a monopoly over the industry which not only effects the economy but also environmentally because it threatens biodiversity
In 2011, Monsanto spent $6.3 million on lobbying congress and USDA
Monsanto also gives money to political campaigns and Monsanto employees hold positions in the FDA, EPA, and Supreme Court ,which shows their power over regulations
see "Green Revolution" for more information on genetically modified organisms Interesting Facts: The average human tosses out 1500 pounds of garbage each year.
No one produces more trash than the U.S. where 5% of the world's people generate 40% of the world's waste.
More than 40 percent of all food produced in America is thrown away. What is being done to prevent food waste? Various public awareness groups such as "Love Food Hate Waste" are combating against food waste all over the world. Their campaign educates people about the damage that food waste has on not only the environment but the future stability of our world. With the ever increasing population there is a continual increase on the amount of food that needs to be produced, which could make food waste a very risky thing in the future. Love Food Hate Waste Campaign Benefits of Reducing
Food Waste It keeps food out of landfills which will reduce the environmental impact
It is economically smart as it will result in lower household food bills and lower costs for restaurants and farmers
It is socially responsible now food that would have been wasted can go to people and countries that actually need it. Pros of Sustainable farming Farms raise different types of plants and animals, which are rotated around the fields to enrich the soil and help prevent disease and pest outbreaks
many sustainable farms do not use any form of chemicals
The waste from sustainable farming stays within the farm’s ecosystem and cannot cause buildup or pollution Factory Farms vs. Family Farms
-findings in eating animals
-treatment of cows, pigs, chickens
-raising to slaughtering
-unsanitary conditions
-processing plants
-clips from food inc
-life of a farmer on both
-cage free vs. organic vs. humanely raised
Genetically Modified Crops
-rice with vitamins
-advantages and disadvantages
-Green Revolution
-Fair trade
- does it really help the world? Food dispersion/ Environmental Effects
-Millennium Development Goals
-Malthus theory vs today
-Technology aiding food industry
-Will there be enough food?
-Trading and transporting food
-Methane levels
-Food waste Food Legislation
-lack of?
-Rights of animals
-Vague policies
-Food contamination
-Farmer’s legislation/ protection
Health Effects
-obesity rates
-corn syrup vs. sugar
-feeding cows corn
-Access to healthy food-Prices
-Fast food restaurants (key ideas) become conscious of what you eat and how you dispose it
become aware of how your food choices affect the environment
know possible health consequences due to practices of the food industry support alternative solutions
understand the consequences of producing enough food to feed the world eat a salad instead of a cheeseburger! Crop Rotation History The Romans knew about crop rotation, but by the Middle Ages, farming was based on the practice of letting the land lie fallow, unplanted — resting it.
The purpose of that practice, like crop rotation itself, is to prevent the soil from becoming exhausted when the same crop is sown over and over again.
In early American agriculture, only sophisticated farmers like Washington and Jefferson were using crop rotations in their fields because of the abundance of arable land. choose what you eat wisely Source: PETA Source: PETA Source: PETA Source: PETA and "Eating Animals" Source: PETA Source: Sustainable Table Souce: Sustainable Table,
Wikipedia Source: PETA, "Eating Animals" Source: Wikipedia Source: Sustainable Table Source: Sustainable Table Source: Chipotle, Nightline Source: Youtube Environmental Effects due to Factory Farming: Meat vs. Vegan Diet According to a German study, meat eaters produce 7 times more greenhouse gases than a vegan eater
it takes 11 times as much energy to produce 1 calorie of meat than 1 calorie of plant protein
Producing meat is a lengthy process that uses a lot of energy: growing the food to feed the animal, to taking care of the animal in the factory farm, to transporting to and operating the slaughterhouse and processing plants, to transporting to the grocery store and finally keeping the meat refrigerated until sold
more than 260 million acres of forests have been cleared to grow crop for animals, and according to the UN, 30% of land on earth is used to grow food for animals
Livestock grazing causes soil erosion and desertification to once arable land
water must also be used as drinking water for the animals, to water the crops to feed animals, and to clean the associated equipment
The animals' feces produces runoff into the local water supply and emits toxic chemicals http://www.peta.org/issues/animals-used-for-food/factory-farming.aspx http://www.peta.org/issues/animals-used-for-food/dairy-industry.aspx http://www.peta.org/issues/animals-used-for-food/beef-industry.aspx http://www.peta.org/issues/animals-used-for-food/cows.aspx -http://www.peta.org/issues/animals-used-for-food/organic-free-range-meat.aspx -http://www.peta.org/issues/animals-used-for-food/chicken-industry.aspx -http://www.sustainabletable.org/issues/processing/#fn1 -http://www.sustainabletable.org/issues/policy/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agribusiness#Examples https://secure2.convio.net/fsi/site/Advocacy?cmd=display&page=UserAction&id=419 Sign the petition! https://secure2.convio.net/fsi/site/Advocacy?pagename=homepage&page=UserAction&id=403&autologin=true -http://www.peta.org/issues/animals-used-for-food/other-labels.aspx -http://www.peta.org/issues/animals-used-for-food/free-range-organic-meat-myth.aspx -http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monsanto http://www.peta.org/issues/animals-used-for-food/meat-and-environment.aspx -http://www.peta.org/issues/animals-used-for-food/meat-wastes-natural-resources.aspx http://www.sustainabletable.org/issues/familyfarms/ -http://www.sustainabletable.org/issues/eatlocal/ http://www.chipotle.com/en-US/fwi/fwi.aspx Read This: Image: http://thegospelcoalition.org/blogs/10millionwords/files/2010/03/eatinganimals.jpg Watch This: Image: http://ia.media-imdb.com/images/M/MV5BNDM4MjY4NjU1Ml5BMl5BanBnXkFtZTcwNzg4NzA1Mg@@._V1._SY317_.jpg Read This: Image: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/5/5a/Fast_food_nation.jpg/200px-Fast_food_nation.jpg Topic List: 1. Factory Farms
2. Farm Legislation
3. Environmental Effects
4. Alternative Solutions
5. Green Revolution
6. Sustainable Agriculture
7. Landfills
8. Food Waste
9. Processed Foods
10. Health Topic List: 1. Factory Farms
2. Farm Legislation
3. Environmental Effects
4. Alternative Solutions
5. Green Revolution
6. Sustainable Agriculture
7. Landfills
8. Food Waste
9. Processed Foods
10. Health Topic List: Topic List: Topic List: Topic List: Topic List: Watch This: Video: With the slightly cheesy music and simplistic cartoons, this Chipotle advertisement successfully spreads its message and brings awareness of this issue to the public. Click Here: Today, many Americans do not know where their food comes from. The food industry is made up of mostly factory farms where the animals are treated inhumanely for gain of maximum profit. Some of the corrupt practices include: Not only are the slaughterhouses and processing plants dominant forces in the food industry, but the US government has a hard time regulating factory farms as well. stops use of antibiotics in animals because farmers use the same antibiotics prescribed for humans, at this rate, if a super-bug broke out in animals, we would not be able to kill it in humans because of bacterial resistance H.R. 3798/S.3239: Egg Products Inspection Act Amendments of 2012 bans the use of battery cages, requires “environmental enrichment”, stops the practice of withholding food to shock the hens system into laying more eggs, “prohibit excessive ammonia levels”, standardize euthanasia processes, and prohibits the sale of eggs that do not meet these conditions Source: PETA What can we do? This is not the way it has to be. Family farms and local farms provide solutions to the problem of factory farms. The restaurant chain “Chipotle” also provides a business model for future restaurants. Chipotle is an example for future restaurants because of its "Food With Integrity" movement : http://www.graphs.net/201209/reviewing-organic-products.html http://www.oisat.org/control_methods/cultural__practices/crop_rotation.html Balancing Soil Fertility Different crops have different nutrient requirements and affect soil balance differently. Some, like corn and tomatoes, are heavy feeders that quickly deplete soil nitrogen and phosphorus.
If you plant corn in the same spot year after year, that plot of soil will run low on nitrogen and phosphorus more quickly than other parts of your garden will.
By changing the location of corn each year, you'll be able to renew the plot where it grew the preceding year, so your soil won't get out of balance. http://www.organicgardening.com/learn-and-grow/crop-rotation http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/04/opinion/sunday/crop-rotation-and-the-future-of-farming.html Grassroots Recycling Network Zero Waste Campaign What is GRRN's Zero Waste Campaign?
GrassRoots Recycling Network (GRRN) is a North American network of waste reduction activists and professionals dedicated to achieving a sustainable economy based on the principle of Zero Waste. GRRN's Zero Waste Campaign advocates for corporate responsibility for waste, government policies for resource conservation, and sustainable jobs from discards. Zero Waste: redesigns the current, one-way industrial system into a circular system modeled on nature's successful strategies
challenges poorly designed business systems that "use too many resources to make too few people more productive"
addresses, through job creation and civic participation, increasing wastage of human resources and erosion of democracy
helps communities achieve a local economy that operates efficiently, sustains good jobs
provides a measure of self-sufficiency
aims to eliminate rather than manage waste http://www.grrn.org/page/what-zero-waste Watch This: Image:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Super_Size_Me The Green
Revolution The Green Revolution: the increase of agriculture around the world due to new technologies from the 1940s-1970s
Norman Borlaug, "father of the Green Revolution"
helped India overcome famine in 1960s and become a major exporter of rice after introducing IR8 (semi dwarf rice)
cereal production doubled within a period of 20 years in developing nations
hard to determine if the Green Revolution truly aided food security because the population has grown by 4 billion since its start
hurts small farmers: they cannot keep up with competition of low prices of the modified plant seed that larger farms grow in high supply Norman Borlaug worked in Mexico to help farmers become self sufficient producers to feed country
goal: increase farm yields by changing the production system
Borlaug created plants that were resistant to disease by finding a genetic line resistant to the disease, crossing it with locally adapted susceptible varieties and selecting the resistant lines
Borlaug then created resistant plants that could grow in half the time
these plants were also adaptable to different temperatures meaning they could grow in many different countries
Borlaug next spread this new technology to India and Pakistan • Source: ohttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Green_Revolution Consequences in India In 1965, India experienced a Green Revolution through hybrid seeds, new fertilizers and new irrigation systems
the increase of farming quadrupled India's rice exports helping India's economy grow
Yet in 2008, India's farmers began switching back to organic farming methods due to negative consequences of the Green Revolution such as:
chemical use polluting the soil and water
increase of cancer and other diseases
loss of biodiversity
according to a Punjabi University study: 1/3 of 210 farmers using pesticide and herbicide had DNA damage http://www.usnews.com/news/world/articles/2008/07/07/the-toxic-consequences-of-the-green-revolution?page=2 http://www.usnews.com/news/world/articles/2008/07/07/the-toxic-consequences-of-the-green-revolution Source: US News Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) Genetically Modified Crops: crops made using the latest molecular biological techniques through introducing a specific gene into genome
scientists can create plants with desired trait in a short amount of time, increasing production
advantages: ensures an adequate food supply in the future, pest resistant, herbicide resistant, tolerant to drought
nutrition: scientists have genetically modified rice grown in developing countries to have vitamins and minerals in it. For example: researchers at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Institute for Plant Sciences created a “golden” strain of rice containing high amounts of Vitamin A to prevent blindness due to Vitamin A deficiency
disadvantages: unintentionally hurts other organisms, insects can become resistant to this new method in the future, possibility of breeding with non-modified crops, unknown health effects to humans http://www.csa.com/discoveryguides/gmfood/overview.php Genetically Engineered Corn (GE) by State (as percentage of total corn produced) USDA excel sheet Jorge Fernandez-Cornejo •while some states like Kansas still greatly use GE corn, the general trend is a decrease in yield of genetically engineered corn
• The greatest production by state was in 2004-2005 at around 35% of the total corn produced. This occurred during a time when the green revolution was getting a spike of attention again Topic List: 1. Factory Farms
2. Farm Legislation
3. Environmental Effects
4. Alternative Solutions
5. Green Revolution
6. Sustainable Agriculture
7. Landfills
8. Food Waste
9. Processed Foods
10. Health 1. Factory Farms
2. Farm Legislation
3. Environmental Effects
4. Alternative Solutions
5. Green Revolution
6. Sustainable Agriculture
7. Landfills
8. Food Waste
9. Processed Foods
10. Health 1. Factory Farms
2. Farm Legislation
3. Environmental Effects
4. Alternative Solutions
5. Green Revolution
6. Sustainable Agriculture
7. Landfills
8. Food Waste
9. Processed Foods
10. Health 1. Factory Farms
2. Farm Legislation
3. Environmental Effects
4. Alternative Solutions
5. Green Revolution
6. Sustainable Agriculture
7. Landfills
8. Food Waste
9. Processed Foods
10. Health 1. Factory Farms
2. Farm Legislation
3. Environmental Effects
4. Alternative Solutions
5. Green Revolution
6. Sustainable Agriculture
7. Landfills
8. Food Waste
9. Processed Foods
10. Health 1. Factory Farms
2. Farm Legislation
3. Environmental Effects
4. Alternative Solutions
5. Green Revolution
6. Sustainable Agriculture
7. Landfills
8. Food Waste
9. Processed Foods Topic List: 1. Factory Farms
2. Farm Legislation
3. Environmental Effects
4. Alternative Solutions
5. Green Revolution
6. Sustainable Agriculture
7. Landfills
8. Food Waste
9. Processed Foods
10. Health Conclusion: http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-6V0VA1gqz9U/UEOOd7xDIBI/AAAAAAAAAEA/1ZLwU9-7Vqs/s1600/cartoon+cow.jpg More Information: to reduce environmental effects of CO2, it would be easier to change eating habits than transportation methods of the meat industry
According to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization: meat production accounts for 1/5 of global greenhouse gas emissions
Cows emit methane which is 23 times more harmful in enhancing global warming than carbon dioxide
nitrogen fertilizers are also a source of water and air pollution
forestry can soak up some of the fossil fuel emissions
slower deforestation can significantly reduce fossil fuel levels in the atmosphere •http://www.fao.org/docrep/004/y3557e/y3557e03.htm •http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2008/sep/07/food.foodanddrink Source: Gapminder.com But Surprisingly... according to the graph, countries with the highest CO2 emissions have the lowest percentage of Gross Domestic Product concentrated in Agriculture
African countries (dark blue bubbles) have the highest percentage of GDP involved in agriculture and the lowest amount of CO2 emissions
more developed countries like the US (yellow bubble in bottom right corner) have higher CO2 emissions and less focus on agriculture. Emissions of CO2 are more dominantly caused through other methods specific to industrialized countries
This graph shows that fossil fuel emissions produced by the food industry may not be as large of a problem as expected Processed Foods Processed foods are foods that are prepared through physical or chemical treatments which result in the food being significantly different from its original state. A processed food then might be a sausage made from a mixture of meats, or a canned meal that has had added salts and other substances in order to help give it longevity. Continued... Processed foods include synthetic additives and other preparations, but generally they are not as healthy as getting fresh foods and nutrients by controlling your diet closely. Despite this, many companies will try to disguise their true motives and make their refined foods sound healthier than they in fact are. For instance if you read that something is 'rich in vitamin C' then note that this usually means that the vitamin C is synthetic and your body will be less able to absorb it. Pros of Processed Foods Fortification: While nutrients that have been added to foods afterward are often harder for the body to absorb they are still better than nothing and they can provide an important way for us to get certain vitamins and minerals.
Longevity: Frozen vegetables last indefinitely and are highly practical, and at the same time they don't lose any of their vitamins or minerals.
Taste: Often the reason that foods are fortified and processed is to improve the taste Cons of Processed Foods Loss of Nutrients: Many forms of processing will reduce the amount or bioavailability of vitamins and minerals that are crucial to our health.
Absorption: Because the 'fortification' is actually often done to replace the missing vitamins and minerals that were lost in the processing, this means that the foods carry a lot less nutritional value.
Fats: The added saturated fats in processed foods are also often unhealthy and this can cause heart problems and increase cholesterol.
Quality: The fact that many processed foods have added flavoring that masks the original taste of the ingredients, and the fact that many of them are made from mixed sources, means that it's hard to tell the quality of the foods used http://www.healthguidance.org/entry/15853/1/Pros-and-Cons-of-Processed-Foods.html Topic List: 1. Factory Farms
2. Farm Legislation
3. Environmental Effects
4. Alternative Solutions
5. Green Revolution
6. Sustainable Agriculture
7. Landfills
8. Food Waste
9. Processed Foods
10. Health Corn Syrup or Sugar? High Fructose Corn Syrup (HFCS): compound sweetener made of fructose and glucose used to sweeten foods
introduced to the US in the 1970s
made from deriving glucose syrup from corn
advantages: just as sweet as table sugar (sucrose), helps preserve food, cheap alternative to sugar because of government subsidies on corn
both sucrose and HFCS contain 4 calories per gram
debate on health effects of HFCS: some argue HFCS has the same effect on the body as sugar while others argue HFCS leads to obesity http://www.sparkpeople.com/resource/nutrition_articles.asp?id=486 •http://www.princeton.edu/main/news/archive/S26/91/22K07/ In HFCS, fructose and glucose are blended together and therefore does not need to be digested before going into the bloodstream. In sucrose, glucose and fructose are bonded together and their ratio is even. This causes an extra metabolic step before being absorbed into the bloodstream
According to a 2010 Princeton University study rats who were exposed to HFCS gained more weight than rats exposed to the same caloric intake of table sugar. Long term exposure of HFSC led to a large increase in body fat and triglycerides, which are signs of obesity. Animals given HFCS gained 48% more weight than those who ate a normal diet.
Since the introduction of HFCS, there has been an increase in obesity levels in the US. Americans consume 60 pounds of sweetener per person per year, showing how prevalent HFCS is in our society •http://www.princeton.edu/main/news/archive/S26/91/22K07/ By eating vegetarian for one day a week, you can greatly impact the reduction of environmental effects caused by the meat industry VS. image:
http://www.fauxfooddiner.com/CB_SETS/cheeseburger1.jpg image: http://askgeorgie.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/lettuce.jpg Because "Food" is such a vast topic, we decided to focus on a few main points. These were our original ideas: -http://www.gapminder.org/world/#$majorMode=chart$is;shi=t;ly=2003;lb=f;il=t;fs=11;al=30;stl=t;st=t;nsl=t;se=t$wst;tts=C$ts;sp=5.59290322580644;ti=2006$zpv;v=0$inc_x;mmid=XCOORDS;iid=pyj6tScZqmEed4UamoiNCFA;by=ind$inc_y;mmid=YCOORDS;iid=0AkBd6lyS3EmpdFhPbDdCTTYxM1dGc21UdE9sSkp1WEE;by=ind$inc_s;uniValue=8.21;iid=phAwcNAVuyj0XOoBL_n5tAQ;by=ind$inc_c;uniValue=255;gid=CATID0;by=grp$map_x;scale=log;dataMin=0;dataMax=334220872333$map_y;scale=lin;dataMin=0;dataMax=95$map_s;sma=49;smi=2.65$cd;bd=0$inds http://www.graphs.net/201206/corn-food-facts.html This graph shows how the abundance of cheap corn due to government subsidies and the use of HFCS has influenced the price of junk food in relation to healthier options. These are the topics that will be addressed in this presentation This is what a landfill looks like: Sustainable Agriculture USDA= United States Department of Agriculture www.npr.org › News › Science › Environment http://www.lovefoodhatewaste.nsw.gov.au/ http://oilprice.com/uploads/AC156.png Health Topic List: 1. Factory Farms
2. Farm Legislation
3. Environmental Effects
4. Alternative Solutions
5. Green Revolution
6. Sustainable Agriculture
7. Landfills
8. Food Waste
9. Processed Foods
10. Health Obesity Fast Food Obesity According to the Center for Disease Control: 1/3 of adults in America are obese
within 10 years, 12 states had the prevalence of obesity increase to 30% whereas none were previously at that level before
Body Mass Index (BMI): estimate of body fat using height and weight
limitations of the BMI could mean that the obesity epidemic is greater than expected
According to a DXA test, 39 % of patients in the study were misclassified as non obese yet this more accurate test classified them as obese These two graphs show the dramatic increase of the percentage of adults living with obesity in the US. •http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/adult.html http://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2012/04/02/study-american-obesity-epidemic-much-worse-than-cdc-believes •http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/adult.html •http://www.princeton.edu/main/news/archive/S26/91/22K07/ Fast Food: Is Junk Food Cheaper? According to NY Times Op-Ed writer Mark Bittman, feeding a family of 4 on fast food is not cheaper than cooking at home
healthier, lower cost items at the grocery story
there are 5 fast food restaurants for every grocery store in US
fast food in the US contain higher salt levels than the same food and amount in Europe(ex. Subway in US has 700mg more salt than in the same sandwich in France)
lack of cooking skill or desire to cook
more than 2 million Americans in low income rural areas live 10 miles from a supermarket
hyperprocessed foods are addicting
high salt levels lead to heart disease and high blood pressure What States are Doing: California: zoning laws prohibit fast food restaurants in areas of high obesity rates (in LA)
New York: bans soda from being sold in restaurants greater than 16 oz, prohibit trans fats in foods sold at restaurants, require calorie counts KFC: the chain KFC buys 1 billion chickens each year
slaughterhouses that provide their chickens are recognized for abusive/disrespectful practices towards the chickens
•advisors on their animal welfare committee have high positions within the supplying companies Sources: New York Times, "Eating Animals", CDC, US News •http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/25/opinion/sunday/is-junk-food-really-cheaper.html?pagewanted=2&_r=0&ref=fastfoodindustry •http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/25/opinion/sunday/is-junk-food-really-cheaper.html?pagewanted=1&_r=0&ref=fastfoodindustry •http://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2012/09/14/experts-courts-likely-to-uphold-new-york-soda-ban •http://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2012/04/16/report-american-fast-food-contains-more-salt-than-rest-of-world
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